During the 1920’s men were only coming back from the war because of the poor transportation. That is why women were once again losing their place in the workforce and going back to being domestic housewives.
However, as the economy improved, industries began to flourish… Many people began to move into cities because of the thriving economy. During the 20s Toronto became a popular place to live in
The 1930’s marked ‘The Great Depression’. The depression began during the stock market crash on October 29th, 1929 in the United States. Many people lost their jobs and companies went bankrupt in Canada. Working conditions worsened and wages decreased while prices increased.
The depression affected many people. Canadians were left homeless and unemployed
There were very few jobs available for men during ‘The Great Depression’. Unemployed men would reluctantly apply for relief. Few were lucky enough to keep their jobs, and those who were unemployed had to apply for relief camps.
Unfortunately, life in a relief camp was horrible as not only were the men overworked; they worked in poor conditions as well.
Another option for unemployed men during the 30s was to move and find better jobs. Such men were transients as they didn’t stay in one location for a long time. These men also did not qualify for relief.
While the economy worsened women went back to being domestic housewives. It became unacceptable for a woman to take a man’s job. The single women who did work did so in poor working conditions and for small wages.
Wages were low for the women who still had their jobs
Canada gained independence from Britain as the Balfour Report declared Canada an autonomous community. This allowed Canada to make its own laws without Britain's interference. This, however did not allow Canada to alter its constitution.
The 1920s were considered prosperous times for Canada. The economy was booming, but the government paid little attention to it. The government focused mostly on paying off the debts from WWI.
The prime minister of the 20s was William Lyon Mackenzie King of the Liberal Party.
During the ‘Roaring Twenties’ another political party formed. It was because of the immense wheat harvest in the prairies that lowered the price of wheat. This caused the farmers to be in an uncomfortable situation; hence they formed their own political party. This party was called the Progressive Party.
William Lyon Mackenzie King
Political Climate 1930 R.B. Bennett was the prime minister of Canada during the 1930’s The political climate in the 1930’s was extremely different than that of the 20s. The main reason for this was ‘The Great Depression’.
William Lyon Mackenzie King was the prime minister of Canada in the beginning of the 1930’s. His failure to do something about the economic crisis in Canada is what lost him an election to R.B. Bennett.
A poster which is supposed to entice people t o vote Liberal
R.B. Bennett was considered to be a poor leader to some because of the unstable economic situation. However he did take initiative into creating the Bank of Canada, the Canadian Broadcasting Association, the Canadian Wheat Board, and the New Deal.
Media in the 20s and 30s was completely different from before. People had access to news from all over the world via radio or newspapers. Canadians were informed about events such as the Chanak Crisis. However, while the media was informative, it was also entertaining as well. Movies and radio broadcasts appealed to audiences of all ages.
Actors such as Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford all gained recognition for their contribution in the entertainment business.
"Fads Fashions and American Influences." The Roaring Twenties . 1 Nov. 2009 < http://historyclass.tripod.com/id5.html >.
Stephen, Meyer. "The Degradation of Work Revisited: Workers and Technology in the American Auto Industry, 1900-2000." Automobile in American Life and Society . N.p., 2004. Web. November 1st, 2009.< http://www.autolife.umd.umich.edu/Labor/L_Overview/L_Overview5.htm >
"Thirties Fads and Fashions." ThinkQuest . ThinkQuest. 1 Nov 2009 < http://library.thinkquest.org/J0111064/30fads.html >.
" Unemployed Parade in Toronto in the Great Depression." 1930. Online image. Canada Online. 1 Nov. 2009. < http://canadaonline.about.com/od/historyphotos/ig/Great-Depression-Canada/Citizens-Not-Transients.htm >.
Arthur E. Blackstone. " Dictaphone machines." 1930. Online image. Early Office Museum. 1 Nov. 2009. < http:// www.officemuseum.com/aeblackstonedictaphonecar.jpg >.