STARTING YOUR                       RESEARCH PAPER                                                 11/15/12               ...
TODAY WE WILL LOOK AT:• Review of Thesis• Sources: What are they? How do we find them?• What is an analysis?• CCGPS covere...
REVIEWING THESIS• What is a thesis  statement? • The thesis is a   statement • It is the overarching   focus of your paper...
HOW DO YOU FORM A THESIS?             • Topic + Opinion =               Thesis              • Start with your topic       ...
EXAMPLE:• Topic: The authorship of Shakespeare’s plays.• Opinion: Shakespeare was not the author of his  plays.• Thesis: B...
IS THIS A GOOD THESIS?• Let’s test it…………• Because of his lack of formal education  and knowledge of the inner workings of...
HOW DID I FORM MY OPINION?• RESEARCH!! • I knew what my opinion was because I looked up different   books and non-print so...
HOW MANY SOURCES DO I NEED?• Not every paper  needs to include  every type of  source.• Remember that you  need at least t...
WHAT KIND OF SOURCES ARE THERE?                                  • Primary Sources                                  • A pr...
ALSO:• Secondary Sources• A secondary source is onethat was created after thetime about which you arewriting. For your res...
FACTUAL AND ANALYTICAL              INFORMATION            Factual                          Analytical• You know the diffe...
SOMETIMES YOU CAN RECOGNIZE ANALYTICAL INFORMATION FROM THE       WAY IT IS INTRODUCED. KEY WORDS AND PHRASES ARE:• "The w...
IN YOUR RESEARCH, YOU WILL FIND AND USE    FACTUAL AND ANALYTICAL INFORMATION.• In your paper, you will include your own a...
RELIABILITY OF WEBSITES• Some websites contain reliable information and others dont. Thesearch engine results alone can gi...
DOMAIN SUFFIXES• How can a websites URL help you figure out whether the site isreliable? Look at the domain name suffix. T...
SOURCE QUALITY• When you find a print source, such as a book about anauthor, look for clues that an expert wrote it. The c...
ALSO…• There is an index that includes many detailed topics.• There are bibliographical notes and perhaps footnotes.• Inde...
SITES NOT TO USE• Wikis: A wiki is a site that any reader can write for or edit. The most well-known wiki is Wikipedia, th...
YOU HAVE FOUND YOUR SOURCES.               NOW WHAT?• When you locate a source ofinformation, you want to makesure that yo...
SO WHAT DO I DO WITH WHAT I’VE              FOUND?• When you locate a source of information, you want to makesure that you...
THERE ARE TWO MAJOR WAYS OF RECORDING            YOUR SOURCES:  Create bibliography       Create a word-processingcards, u...
BIBLIOGRAPHY CARDS• Index cards are among the most handy research tools everinvented. Heres the how-to of recording your s...
BIBLIOGRAPHY CARDS• The URL • When you make a bibliography card for a website, the URL   is optional. You can find the web...
ELECTRONIC FILES• The same  information would  be included in your  electronic files.• Be sure to name  files so that you ...
CITATION ORGANIZER• coc   Copywrite date on website is sometimes hard to find
Example of A notecardSource #_______                                 Topic____________                                Page...
Sample note card with a quote:                             Source # I got this                                            ...
Sample note card with a statistic:   Source #____3___       Where I got this quote from.   Topic____________              ...
Sample note card with a fact:                           Where I got this quote    Source #___2____       from. This spot i...
Sample note card with a fact:       Source #___2____             What does this number                                    ...
WHAT IS LITERARY CRITICISM?• Literary criticism is writing that analyzes literature. Inliterature, criticism doesnt mean s...
WHO WRITES LITERARY CRITICISM?• Literary criticism is usually written by experts, especiallyprofessors of literature.• To ...
TRAITS OF LITERARY CRITICISM• Literary criticism focuses on the elements in a work ofliterature, such ascharacters, settin...
WHAT LITERARY CRITICISM IS NOT• The following are not acceptable sources of literary criticism:• papers by other students•...
FINDING LITERARY CRITICISM• The place to begin looking for literary criticism is the library. Usethe librarian as a resour...
LITERARY CRITICISM IN JOURNALS• Literary criticism comes in article form as well as in book form.Professors publish articl...
EVALUATING SOURCES• The titles and subtitles of works of literary criticism often help youdecide how relevant they are to ...
CRITICAL ARTICLES• Critical articles sometimes begin with brief summaries calledabstracts. The abstract tells you the arti...
INTERPRETATIONS• Remember that a work of literary criticism gives one personsinterpretation.• Different people interpret t...
WHAT SHOULD I BE DOING NOW?• Check the WCA and  Doc Sharing for all  assignments and        • Have a wonderful  instructio...
• Note: if you want a little more direction on thesis  statements…stay.. I have more information on this  presentation……
YOUR TOPIC/QUESTION IS TOO BROAD• Topic: Compare and                • Your question is  contrast class structure in the   ...
BOOKS ARE WRITTEN ON THIS TOPIC• I want you to narrow down how Shakespeare used class structure in society (research what ...
THESIS FOR CLASS STRUCTURE• Topic: Compare and contrast class structure in the society of  Shakespeare’s time, and the tim...
• Because Shakespeare was affected by the class  structure England had in place during his time, he  used his works to hig...
WHEN WE GET BACK…..
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Research paper ppt 11 15 12session2ss

11,928 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
11,928
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10,654
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
23
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • http://viewpure.com/X-cUbUKYPOI http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X-cUbUKYPOI
  • http://viewpure.com/Wura5m8mStkhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wura5m8mStk&feature=fvwrel
  • Because Shakespeare was affected by the class structure England had in place during his time, he used his works to highlight the hierarches and traditions of this structure, and the affect it had on __________, __________, and ________________.
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xIdm6RguzRM&feature=fvwrelhttp://viewpure.com/xIdm6RguzRM
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKVL1ehDQB0&feature=related http://viewpure.com/dKVL1ehDQB0
  • https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/viewform?fromEmail=true&formkey=dHVqajhMaGZrbHV5S0NwQmZ6MzdLM1E6MQ
  • Class structure is a huge and broad topic that encompasses many things. Books are written on the topic, and you are only required to write 2-3 pages..... I want you to narrow down how Shakespeare used  class structure in society (research what that is), in his plays.  For example... Love and relationships.... in Hamlet, Ophelia had a love for Hamlet, but because they were in different "classes", that love would never work out (put aside all of the other issues going on in the story ) Remember the conversations between Polonius, Laertes, and Ophelia.....We also find out near the end that Hamlet, did indeed have feelings for Ophleia (remember the scene at the cemetary between Laertes and Hamlet)So, you would discuss how class structure in Shakespeare's time affected love and relationships, (use research and references to back up your claim that it did indeed affect relationships), and then you would use the situation between Hamlet and Ophelia... take quotes and lines from the play to highlight your point with evidence.other areas you can look at are:                                          i.    Family life                                         ii.    Occupations                                        iii.    Education                                       iv.    Marriage and children                                        v.    Daily lifeYou can research background on different Shakespeare plays to see if they point these out and you can use them for evidence.Please let me know if this clears it up for you.
  • Because Shakespeare was affected by the class structure England had in place during his time, he used his works to highlight the hierarches and traditions of this structure, and the affect it had on __________, __________, and ________________.
  • Research paper ppt 11 15 12session2ss

    1. 1. STARTING YOUR RESEARCH PAPER 11/15/12 http://viewpure.com/X-cUbUKYPOI“GCA: Working topro vide an exemplary individualized and engaging educational experience f or all students “
    2. 2. TODAY WE WILL LOOK AT:• Review of Thesis• Sources: What are they? How do we find them?• What is an analysis?• CCGPS covered: • ELACC9-10RI1 • ELACC9-10RI2 • ELACC9-10RI5 • ELACC9-10W1 • ELACC9-10W5 • ELACC9-10W7 • ELACC9-10W8 • ELACC9-10W9
    3. 3. REVIEWING THESIS• What is a thesis statement? • The thesis is a statement • It is the overarching focus of your paper • It is arguable http://viewpure.com/Wura5m8mStk
    4. 4. HOW DO YOU FORM A THESIS? • Topic + Opinion = Thesis • Start with your topic • Add your opinion about something to do with that topic • It needs to be arguable and provable!
    5. 5. EXAMPLE:• Topic: The authorship of Shakespeare’s plays.• Opinion: Shakespeare was not the author of his plays.• Thesis: Because of his lack of formal education and knowledge of the inner workings of the nobility, William Shakespeare could not have been the author of most of the plays attributed to him.
    6. 6. IS THIS A GOOD THESIS?• Let’s test it…………• Because of his lack of formal education and knowledge of the inner workings of the nobility, William Shakespeare could not have been the author of most of the plays attributed to him. • Is it a statement or a question? • Is it arguable? • So, is it a good thesis?
    7. 7. HOW DID I FORM MY OPINION?• RESEARCH!! • I knew what my opinion was because I looked up different books and non-print sources about it. • Some of what I could use are: • encyclopedia entries on authors, their works, or the time period during which the authors lived • biographies of authors • books about the history of British literature • books about British history • works of literary criticism, including articles or books • websites about your author or British history • online databases that contain articles about your author or British history
    8. 8. HOW MANY SOURCES DO I NEED?• Not every paper needs to include every type of source.• Remember that you need at least three sources.
    9. 9. WHAT KIND OF SOURCES ARE THERE? • Primary Sources • A primary source is one that was created during the historic period you are researching. An example of a primary source for your research paper would be a letter written by the author you are studying.http://viewpure.com/xIdm6RguzRM
    10. 10. ALSO:• Secondary Sources• A secondary source is onethat was created after thetime about which you arewriting. For your researchpaper, a recent criticalarticle or a biography of theauthor would be asecondary source.
    11. 11. FACTUAL AND ANALYTICAL INFORMATION Factual Analytical• You know the difference • Analytical information isbetween fact and opinion. A more than justfact can be proved, but an opinion, though. It is anopinion cant. Similarly, factual interpretation of theinformation can be facts, derived from evidence.proved, and analytical An opinion doesnt always giveinformation cant. solid reasons. An analysis does.
    12. 12. SOMETIMES YOU CAN RECOGNIZE ANALYTICAL INFORMATION FROM THE WAY IT IS INTRODUCED. KEY WORDS AND PHRASES ARE:• "The writer suggests"• "It seems as if"• "Perhaps the author"
    13. 13. IN YOUR RESEARCH, YOU WILL FIND AND USE FACTUAL AND ANALYTICAL INFORMATION.• In your paper, you will include your own analysis ofliterature, with facts to support the analysis. When citinganalytical information in your research paper, be sure to identifythe author who originally wrote the analysis.
    14. 14. RELIABILITY OF WEBSITES• Some websites contain reliable information and others dont. Thesearch engine results alone can give you a few clues to how reliablea website is, including:• the title of the website• the URL of the website• a couple of lines from the websites text, including your keywords• However, you need to open the website and examine its contents to be sure its reliable.• http://viewpure.com/dKVL1ehDQB0
    15. 15. DOMAIN SUFFIXES• How can a websites URL help you figure out whether the site isreliable? Look at the domain name suffix. The small group of letters thanfollows the dot, such as .com, .org, .edu, or .gov. These suffixes give cluesto the reliability of a website:• .com is for companies or individuals. The reliability of these sites varies greatly.• .org is for organizations, such as charities or political parties. Such groups may offer a great deal of information, but the organizations may have biases.• .edu is for schools and universities. Sites written by professors are usually reliable, but students pages are less so.• .gov refers to government websites. Such websites are usually reliable but probably not useful for your topic.
    16. 16. SOURCE QUALITY• When you find a print source, such as a book about anauthor, look for clues that an expert wrote it. The clues includethe following:• The author is a scholar, such as a college professor or anexperienced biographer. Look in the About the Author note atthe end of the book or on the back flap of the dust jacket.• The source contains detailed interpretation, not just facts orpersonal opinions.
    17. 17. ALSO…• There is an index that includes many detailed topics.• There are bibliographical notes and perhaps footnotes.• Indexes and notes show that the author has done a thoroughjob and that he or she expects other experts in the field to readthe book.
    18. 18. SITES NOT TO USE• Wikis: A wiki is a site that any reader can write for or edit. The most well-known wiki is Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia. Because anyone cancontribute or change information, Wikipedias articles are not as authoritativeas those in standard encyclopedias.• E-rooms, chat forums, and blogs: In all kinds of fields, includingliterature, groups and individuals discuss their favorite topics. These sites canbe exciting to read and contribute to. However, these sites may not becreated by experts, so they arent good sources for research papers.• Essay sales sites: Some companies sell research papers to students. TheirURLs may show up on your search results. Buying another persons paper andpresenting it as your own is cheating. In addition, the content of such papersis not reliable or expert.
    19. 19. YOU HAVE FOUND YOUR SOURCES. NOW WHAT?• When you locate a source ofinformation, you want to makesure that you can find it again.• Youll need to refer to thatsource often as you plan andwrite.• In addition, you will have toput the source information inthe Works Cited section at theend of your paper.
    20. 20. SO WHAT DO I DO WITH WHAT I’VE FOUND?• When you locate a source of information, you want to makesure that you can find it again. Youll need to refer to that sourceoften as you plan and write. In addition, you will have to put thesource information in the Works Cited section at the end of yourpaper.• You need to write down the source information in an organized way.• File transfer research paper organizer form & notecard information/forms
    21. 21. THERE ARE TWO MAJOR WAYS OF RECORDING YOUR SOURCES: Create bibliography Create a word-processingcards, using index cards. file to hold the information.
    22. 22. BIBLIOGRAPHY CARDS• Index cards are among the most handy research tools everinvented. Heres the how-to of recording your sourcesbibliographic information on index cards:• Make a separate card for each source.• Give each source a tracking number.• For a book, include the author, title, publisher, and publication date.• For a periodical, also include the page numbers of the article.• For a website, include the title, the sponsors and authors or editors if known, the date the site was created or updated, and the date you accessed the site.
    23. 23. BIBLIOGRAPHY CARDS• The URL • When you make a bibliography card for a website, the URL is optional. You can find the website again by doing a search for the title and the authors name. However, the URL can help you find the site more easily.
    24. 24. ELECTRONIC FILES• The same information would be included in your electronic files.• Be sure to name files so that you can find them!
    25. 25. CITATION ORGANIZER• coc Copywrite date on website is sometimes hard to find
    26. 26. Example of A notecardSource #_______ Topic____________ Page # _______
    27. 27. Sample note card with a quote: Source # I got this Topic____________ Source #___1____ quote from. This spot is NOT here to count my note cards! “Women in power are treated with distrust by Shakespeare. They have questionable morals. For example, Gertrude in Hamlet marries her husband’s murdering brother and Lady MacBeth coerces her husband into Page # or paragraph # murder. For these women, the penalty for Page if print source their scheming ways is normally death.” Paragraph if internet source with no page # available I put the exact words in quotation marks, and I made sure to get the name of the person who said this. Page or paragraph #Note to students: not to be used in a __4__paper …for teaching purposes only
    28. 28. Sample note card with a statistic: Source #____3___ Where I got this quote from. Topic____________ This spot is NOT here to count my note cards! Fourteen women character roles in Shakespeare’s plays are the roles of infidels. This is the page # I found Statistics provide strong the fact in support. Only put one the book. statistic per note card. Page # ___ix____Note to students: not a true statistic…forteaching purposes only
    29. 29. Sample note card with a fact: Where I got this quote Source #___2____ from. This spot is NOT Topic____________ here to count my note cards! Shakespeare’s mother was a huge influence on him throughout his life.. No page Page # or paragraph # Page# print if source because Paragraph if it is an internet source with no page # Internet Only include facts that are not available common knowledge. Make sure source . the fact supports your thesis. Page orNote to students: not a true fact…for paragraph #teaching purposes only ___6____
    30. 30. Sample note card with a fact: Source #___2____ What does this number represent? Shakespeare like to end his plays with the wedding of his unmarried female characters. Ex: Tempest (Ferdinand & Miranda) What type of support is this? Quote, statistic, or fact? Page # _______Note to students: not a true fact…forteaching purposes only
    31. 31. WHAT IS LITERARY CRITICISM?• Literary criticism is writing that analyzes literature. Inliterature, criticism doesnt mean saying that a work is bad. Itmeans explaining the meaning of the work.
    32. 32. WHO WRITES LITERARY CRITICISM?• Literary criticism is usually written by experts, especiallyprofessors of literature.• To do research for your paper, youll read literary criticism toabsorb scholars ideas about the topic you have chosen. Bythinking about scholars ideas, youll understand your topicbetter.
    33. 33. TRAITS OF LITERARY CRITICISM• Literary criticism focuses on the elements in a work ofliterature, such ascharacters, setting, style, imagery, themes, and symbols.• Literary criticism offers analysis and interpretation, notopinion.• Literary criticism may examine both the flaws and thestrengths of the literary work.
    34. 34. WHAT LITERARY CRITICISM IS NOT• The following are not acceptable sources of literary criticism:• papers by other students• Internet sites that sell papers• summaries or synopses of literary works• blogs• fan sites• discussion rooms
    35. 35. FINDING LITERARY CRITICISM• The place to begin looking for literary criticism is the library. Usethe librarian as a resource. Tell the librarian that you need to findliterary criticism on your research papers topic.• Use the catalog, too. Try a subject search rather than a search forthe title or the author. This kind of search will show you whatmaterials the library owns about Wordsworth, not just works byhim.• To do a subject search about an author, use the authors name asyour keyword. For example, perform a subject search for"Wordsworth" to see what kind of results you get.
    36. 36. LITERARY CRITICISM IN JOURNALS• Literary criticism comes in article form as well as in book form.Professors publish articles in journals of literary criticism. Yourlibrary might not have literary journals, but you can find articlesfrom them online.• To begin an Internet search for literary criticism, try thewebsite LiteraryHistory.com.• It is a site created by a librarian to direct researchers to otherwebsites that contain criticism on a wide array of authors.
    37. 37. EVALUATING SOURCES• The titles and subtitles of works of literary criticism often help youdecide how relevant they are to your paper.• For example, an article titled "Wordsworth and the FrenchRevolution" would not have been relevant to the topic that the writerof the Model Research Paper in the LMS chose. Her paper was aboutthe Industrial Revolution, not the French one.
    38. 38. CRITICAL ARTICLES• Critical articles sometimes begin with brief summaries calledabstracts. The abstract tells you the articles main points. Thatinformation can help you give an article a "Yes" or "No" as towhether you should read it.• Often, however, you have to read at least part of the article toknow whether it is relevant for you.
    39. 39. INTERPRETATIONS• Remember that a work of literary criticism gives one personsinterpretation.• Different people interpret things differently. If you find twodifferent articles about the same literary text, they may disagreewith each other. Thats okay.• Your job is to decide what you think about the literary text. Useliterary criticism to support your ideas, not to replace your ownthinking.
    40. 40. WHAT SHOULD I BE DOING NOW?• Check the WCA and Doc Sharing for all assignments and • Have a wonderful instructions. break!• Contact me with any questions!• Keep up to date with assignments.• Use the break to catch up if needed.
    41. 41. • Note: if you want a little more direction on thesis statements…stay.. I have more information on this presentation……
    42. 42. YOUR TOPIC/QUESTION IS TOO BROAD• Topic: Compare and • Your question is contrast class structure in the broad, because you ask society of Shakespeare’s about your topic in a time, and the times of Hamlet general way. To make it the right size for a paper of 2-3• In what ways did pages, I suggest you choose Shakespeare’s works contrast a more narrowed aspect of class structure in the society your topic. of his time? • Pose a question that requires a critical analysis of specific elements of the works and• Topic: Class structure in that connects them to their Shakespeare’s time---How times. Shakespeare highlighted in • Remember the paper only his plays has to be 2-3 pages with the 4 page a works cited page.• Opinion: Choose 3 items to focus on and find evidence in the• Arguable points: book to support your claims.
    43. 43. BOOKS ARE WRITTEN ON THIS TOPIC• I want you to narrow down how Shakespeare used class structure in society (research what that is), in his plays.• For example... Love and relationships.... in Hamlet, Ophelia had a love for Hamlet, but because they were in different "classes", that love would never work out (put aside all of the other issues going on in the story ) Remember the conversations between Polonius, Laertes, and Ophelia• .....We also find out near the end that Hamlet, did indeed have feelings for Ophleia (remember the scene at the cemetery between Laertes and Hamlet)• So, you would discuss how class structure in Shakespeares time affected love and relationships, (use research and references to back up your claim that it did indeed affect relationships), and then you would use the situation between Hamlet and Ophelia... take quotes and lines from the play to highlight your point with evidence to show how Shakespeare used this issue of class structure in his plays.• other areas you can look at are: • Family life • Occupations • Education • Marriage and children • Daily• You can research background on different Shakespeare plays to see if they point these out and you can use
    44. 44. THESIS FOR CLASS STRUCTURE• Topic: Compare and contrast class structure in the society of Shakespeare’s time, and the times of Hamlet......Class structure in Shakespeare’s time---How Shakespeare highlighted in his plays• RQ: In what ways did Shakespeare’s works contrast class structure in the society of his time?• Topic: Class Structure, Shakespeare, his works• Opinion: Class structure affected Shakespeare and he used his works to make a statement. (_________, ________, _______)• Arguable points:1. Relationships: Hamlet
    45. 45. • Because Shakespeare was affected by the class structure England had in place during his time, he used his works to highlight the hierarches and traditions of this structure, and the affect it had on __________, __________, and ________________.
    46. 46. WHEN WE GET BACK…..

    ×