AIDS in South Africa

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  • 1. Children Orphaned by HIV/AIDS in South Africa Rebecca Overcash
  • 2. AIDS by numbers
    • It is estimated that over 15 million people under the age of 18 have been orphaned as a result of AIDS worldwide.
    • 11.6 million of these live in Sub-Sahara Africa.
    • 1.4 million of these are in South Africa alone.
    • About 15% of orphans are 0-4 years old, 35% are 5-9 years old, and 50% are 10-14 years old.
    • It is the leading cause of death in Sub-Sahara Africa.
  • 3.  
  • 4. Possible Causes
    • Right now it is believed that HIV was first spread to humans, but it isn't very significant in Africa’s problem today.
    • There are many factors for the possible causes of the rapid spread and growth in Africa.
    • Most of them are the result of unsafe sex, not through unsafe injections.
    • Some of the main ones are: poverty; poor economic situations; civil wars and fighting; gender inequality; sexual violence; other STDs; lack of male circumcision; and ineffective national leadership.
    • Many people are malnourished, causing their immune system to weaken, increasing the risk of HIV becoming AIDS.
    • There is still not sufficient medical help and attention, causing the spread to be greater than what it needs to be.
  • 5. Emotional Effect on Children
    • Children who grow up with their parents having HIV/AIDS often have to experience negative changes within their lives.
    • They not only have to go through the trauma of their parent(s) having AIDS and the issues that come along with that, but often the death of their parent(s) also.
    • When a parent dies, most children usually have little, if any, support. They are sometimes separated from siblings, which only makes the situation harder to deal with.
  • 6. Education
    • A child’s education is often affected if they have a parent or any other family member with AIDS.
    • They might not get to attend school because they are at home taking care of their sick parents, or do not perform well because of the stress of the situation.
    • Once orphaned, the expenses of uniforms, books, etc. might become an issue for the new caregiver, resulting in a child not even having the chance to attend school.
  • 7. HIV/AIDS Prevention
    • The Soul City Project- started in 1994 and educated people about AIDS through radio, print, and television, using dramas and soap operas to promote its message.
    • The Beyond Awareness Campaign- ran between 1998 and 2000 and concentrated on informing young people about AIDS through the media.
    • The Khomanani Campaign- run by the Aids Communication Team (ACT), a group that was set up by the government in 2001. It uses media and celebrity endorsement to spread its message.
    • loveLife- It was launched in 1999 and is the most prominent campaign in South Africa and it targets young people.
  • 8. Preventing transmission from mother to child
    • Not only can a child be effected from losing a parent from HIV or AIDS, it is also a risk of them getting it themselves.
    • It is estimated that during 2006, around 64,000 babies became infected through mother-to-child transmission in South Africa.
    • There have been many controversies over this issue, and there has yet to be an effective prevention and treatment while the mother is pregnant that is supplied sufficiently.
  • 9. Treatment
    • The Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) was started in 1998 by Zackie Achmat (He himself was HIV positive).
    • He argued that the cost of providing treatment and preventive education was ultimately less expensive than the economic impact of an unchecked AIDS epidemic.
    • One main treatment being used right now is pharmaceutical drugs, and unless they are received free, most can’t afford to pay for them.
    • At the end of 2007, it was estimated that only 28% percent of South Africans with HIV/AIDS were being treated.
  • 10. Citations
    • "HIV&AIDS in South Africa." Avert . 3 Jun 2009
    • <http://www.avert.org/aidssouthafrica.htm> .
    • &quot;AIDS Orphans.&quot; Avert . 3 Jun 2009
      • <http:// www.avert.org/aidsorphans.htm >.
    • &quot;DataBlog.&quot; Guardian . 3 Jun 2009
      • <http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2009/mar/09/week>.