AIDS in South Africa


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AIDS in South Africa

  1. 1. Children Orphaned by HIV/AIDS in South Africa Rebecca Overcash
  2. 2. AIDS by numbers <ul><li>It is estimated that over 15 million people under the age of 18 have been orphaned as a result of AIDS worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>11.6 million of these live in Sub-Sahara Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>1.4 million of these are in South Africa alone. </li></ul><ul><li>About 15% of orphans are 0-4 years old, 35% are 5-9 years old, and 50% are 10-14 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the leading cause of death in Sub-Sahara Africa. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Possible Causes <ul><li>Right now it is believed that HIV was first spread to humans, but it isn't very significant in Africa’s problem today. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many factors for the possible causes of the rapid spread and growth in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of them are the result of unsafe sex, not through unsafe injections. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the main ones are: poverty; poor economic situations; civil wars and fighting; gender inequality; sexual violence; other STDs; lack of male circumcision; and ineffective national leadership. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people are malnourished, causing their immune system to weaken, increasing the risk of HIV becoming AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>There is still not sufficient medical help and attention, causing the spread to be greater than what it needs to be. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Emotional Effect on Children <ul><li>Children who grow up with their parents having HIV/AIDS often have to experience negative changes within their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>They not only have to go through the trauma of their parent(s) having AIDS and the issues that come along with that, but often the death of their parent(s) also. </li></ul><ul><li>When a parent dies, most children usually have little, if any, support. They are sometimes separated from siblings, which only makes the situation harder to deal with. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Education <ul><li>A child’s education is often affected if they have a parent or any other family member with AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>They might not get to attend school because they are at home taking care of their sick parents, or do not perform well because of the stress of the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Once orphaned, the expenses of uniforms, books, etc. might become an issue for the new caregiver, resulting in a child not even having the chance to attend school. </li></ul>
  6. 7. HIV/AIDS Prevention <ul><li>The Soul City Project- started in 1994 and educated people about AIDS through radio, print, and television, using dramas and soap operas to promote its message. </li></ul><ul><li>The Beyond Awareness Campaign- ran between 1998 and 2000 and concentrated on informing young people about AIDS through the media. </li></ul><ul><li>The Khomanani Campaign- run by the Aids Communication Team (ACT), a group that was set up by the government in 2001. It uses media and celebrity endorsement to spread its message. </li></ul><ul><li>loveLife- It was launched in 1999 and is the most prominent campaign in South Africa and it targets young people. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Preventing transmission from mother to child <ul><li>Not only can a child be effected from losing a parent from HIV or AIDS, it is also a risk of them getting it themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>It is estimated that during 2006, around 64,000 babies became infected through mother-to-child transmission in South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>There have been many controversies over this issue, and there has yet to be an effective prevention and treatment while the mother is pregnant that is supplied sufficiently. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Treatment <ul><li>The Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) was started in 1998 by Zackie Achmat (He himself was HIV positive). </li></ul><ul><li>He argued that the cost of providing treatment and preventive education was ultimately less expensive than the economic impact of an unchecked AIDS epidemic. </li></ul><ul><li>One main treatment being used right now is pharmaceutical drugs, and unless they are received free, most can’t afford to pay for them. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of 2007, it was estimated that only 28% percent of South Africans with HIV/AIDS were being treated. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Citations <ul><li>&quot;HIV&AIDS in South Africa.&quot; Avert . 3 Jun 2009 </li></ul><ul><li><> . </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;AIDS Orphans.&quot; Avert . 3 Jun 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li><http:// >. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;DataBlog.&quot; Guardian . 3 Jun 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li><>. </li></ul></ul>