Plot Element Notes


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Plot Element Notes

  1. 1. Plot and Conflict What makes a great  story?  Unit 1 Notes
  2. 2. Warm Up You and your group members are stranded on a deserted island. •You only have the items written on your group’s notecard with you to survive and escape. •Work with your group to write a short tale describing the events that occurred on your island. Image Source
  3. 3. Plot Narrative is a fancy  word for story Plot = the series of  events in a narrative
  4. 4. Conflict Conflict is at the heart of any good story. Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces. Two types of conflict: internal conflict = a struggle within the character’s mind external conflict = a clash between a character and an outside force, such as another character, society, or a force of nature
  5. 5. Specific Internal/External Conflicts Internal Conflict Types External Conflict Types character vs.  himself: a struggle between opposing needs, desires, and emotions within the character character vs. character: two characters struggle against each other (verbally, physically, etc.) character vs. society: a character struggling against society’s pressures (the expectations of a group, cultural traditions, social rules, etc.) character vs. nature: a character struggling against forces of nature (storm, flood, drought, bitter cold, etc.)
  6. 6. Famous Stories and their conflicts Famous text: conflict : internal or external • What type? why? : Famous text: conflict: internal or external • What type? why?:
  7. 7. Plot Structure Exposition: introduces setting, characters, and conflict Rising Action: builds suspense; presents complications that intensify the conflict Climax: the turning point; moment of greatest suspense; makes outcome of conflict clear Falling Action: eases the suspense, reveals the outcome of the climax, shows the resolution of the conflict Resolution: reveals the final outcome, ties up loose ends
  8. 8. Narrative Structure Mountain • Which goes where??? • Falling action • Exposition • Resolution • Rising action • Climax
  9. 9. Sequence and Time Most stories follow chronological order (events follow a linear structure meaning they follow in the order they happened) However, sometimes author’s chose to play with the order of events: Flashback: an account of a conversation, episode, or event that happened before the beginning of the story, or at an earlier point Foreshadowing: a writers use of hints or clues in early scenes to suggest events that will occur later
  10. 10. Flashback is... An image or memory clue to help me remember flashback: What does flashback do in a story? Strategies to recognize flashback: Flashback
  11. 11. Flashback is... • an account that occurred at an earlier time An image or memory clue to help me remember flashback: What does flashback do in a  story?  •interrupts the main action to describe something that happened earlier • shows how past events led to the present • gives background info Strategies to recognize  flashback:  •Look for possible word clues such as “that summer” or “as a young boy” or “her earliest memory” •Keep track of chronological order to recognize flashback Flashback
  12. 12. Foreshadowing is... An image or memory clue to help me remember foreshadowing... What does foreshadowing do in a story? Strategies to recognize foreshadowing: Foreshadowing
  13. 13. Foreshadowing is... • use of hints to suggest what will happen later An image or memory clue to help me remember foreshadowing... What does foreshadowing do  in a story?  •prepares the reader for events that will happen later •creates suspense •makes you want to keep reading Strategies to recognize  foreshadowing: • notice repeated ideas and descriptions •notice characters acting unusually or strangely Foreshadowing