Agenda for Wednesday, August 28
• Warm-Up: Why study
• Presentation: The fields
of Geography, 5 themes
• Activity: “Pictionary”
• Practice: Identifying the
5 themes in the
Warm-Up: Answer as many of the
following as you can. Be prepared to
Why is it important to study geography?
In what ways is it useful in real life?
Which careers might be associated with geography?
How can knowledge of geography help you in other
Why We Need to Teach Geography
The Field of Geography
• Geography: the
study of Earth and
Physical Geography: the study of natural
features on the surface of Earth
• Things that can be seen (landforms) and felt
Human Geography: study of people as
they have spread across Earth
• Who lives where? Why? How?
• Human-made features like towns, dams &
• The 5 themes are important because they
help the geographer describe the use of
• Location, Place, Movement, Region, Human-
Where is it? Why is it there?
• Absolute Location
• Paris is at 48⁰ North
latitude and 2⁰ East
– Street address
• TCCHS is located at 4717
• Relative Location
– Depends on a point of
reference. Near, far, a
short drive, etc.
– Described by landmarks,
time, direction or
• A few miles from
Pearland Town Center
• Across from Turner High
• When might it be important to use absolute
• Describe a scenario where using relative
location would be beneficial.
Place: What is it like?
• Physical characteristics
like landforms, climate
bodies of water or
• Human characteristics
such as roads, buildings,
culture & beliefs
Regions: How are places similar or
• Areas defined by their physical & human
• Geographers divide the world into regions to
help them interpret information
• Are based on the related characteristics of an
area (language, religion, climate)
– Many formal regions have natural boundaries
– Commonly defined b continental area and similar
• Functional regions are based on connections
between places; have a “hub” or central area
– Ex. A city and its suburbs
• Are based on
and attitudes of an
• Likely to change over
• Can be based on
influenced by travel,
movies and reading
• Ex. Dixie, Aggieland
The World Dived into 7 Regions, Each
with a Population of 1 Billion
Human-Environment Interaction: How
do people relate to the physical world?
• We depend.
– We need rivers for
• We adapt.
– We wear clothing to
protect us from the
• We modify.
– We use heaters and air
conditioners in our
What do you think of when I say…
• A hot, sunny climate is perfect for ________.
• A cold climate with a lot of snow is perfect for
• Summer in Texas is the perfect time to
Movement: How are people and
• Linear, time & psychological
• Movement of People
– Cars, trains, planes, animals
• Movement of Products
– Trucks, trains, planes
• Movement of
– Cell phones, computers, TV,
Types of Distance
• How far across the earth
• Amount of time it takes
something to travel
• The way people view
• How can physical geography affect linear
• List some modern inventions that have
shortened time distance.
• How far away is “far”? What influences your
perception of what is “far”?
Ask MR. HELP
• M- Movement
• R- Region
• HE- Human Environment Interaction
• L- Location
• P- Place
Theme Tells us… Example Picture/Symbol
• Identify the themes of geography in the
Lake Tahoe, Nevada
Times Square, New York
Grand Canyon, Arizona
Sahara Desert, Africa
Hoover Dam & Bypass Bridge on Lake
• Are the following regions formal, perceptual,