UON SPH OER Workshop - Definitions

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This presentation covers key terms in open education for a workshop "Open Education for Collaboration, Flexibility, and Global Visibility", which I gave at University of Nairobi on August 27, 2013. …

This presentation covers key terms in open education for a workshop "Open Education for Collaboration, Flexibility, and Global Visibility", which I gave at University of Nairobi on August 27, 2013. All of the materials for the workshop are available at http://openmi.ch/uon-aug2013.

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  • The Ghanaian government aims to triple the number of healthcare workers, but according to a study by Dr. Frank Anderson from University of Michigan, the Ghanaian medical schools can only admit 30% of qualified applicants due to limited faculty size.
  • The Ghanaian government aims to triple the number of healthcare workers, but according to a study by Dr. Frank Anderson from University of Michigan, the Ghanaian medical schools can only admit 30% of qualified applicants due to limited faculty size.

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  • 1. Kathleen Ludewig Omollo University of Michigan - Open.Michigan Initiative Audience: University of Nairobi School of Public Health Download slides: http://openmi.ch/uon-aug2013 Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright 2013 The Regents of the University of Michigan. 1 Key Definitions Open Education for Collaboration, Flexibility, and Global Visibility
  • 2. Terms to Define 2 Graphic generated by Wordle.net Follow along with handout: http://www.slideshare.net/kludewig/uon-sph-oer-workshop-key-terms-handut
  • 3. Open Access 3
  • 4. “Free availability on the public Internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the Internet itself.” Budapest Open Access Initiative, http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/ Open Access 4
  • 5. Open Educational Resources 5
  • 6. “teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions” UNESCO More: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/What_is_OER%3F Open Educational Resources / Open CourseWare 6
  • 7. Open and Distance Learning 7
  • 8. Open and Distance Learning / Open University 8 “approaches to learning that focus on freeing learners from constraints of time and place… all or most of the teaching is conducted by someone geographically removed from the learner… open admissions, and freedom of selection of what, when and where to learn.” UNESCO: http://portal.unesco.org/education/en/ev.php- URL_ID=22329&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
  • 9. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) 9
  • 10. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) 10 Image CC:BY Mathieu Plourde (Wikimedia
  • 11. Open Source Software 11
  • 12. “Open source doesn't just mean access to the source code. The distribution terms of open- source software must comply with the following criteria: Free Redistribution, Source Code, Derived Works, Integrity of The Author's Source Code… License Must Be Technology-Neutral… Open Source Initiative, http://opensource.org/osd Open Source Software 12
  • 13. Open Content 13
  • 14. Any content that is: 1.Free to access 1.Publicly available 2.Shared under some licenses to use, adapt, redistribute Open Content 14
  • 15. Open Licenses 15
  • 16. CC BY U-M. Full poster at http://open.umich.edu/sites/default/files/howto-create-share-connect-poster.pdf Open Licenses 16
  • 17. 17 Open Practices 17
  • 18. • “using the content, tools and processes shared with us; • enabling others to use, share and adapt what we create; and • supporting transparency in our content, tools and processes” School of Open, Peer to Peer University Image CC:BY-SA opensourceway (Flickr) 18 Open Practices 18
  • 19. Open Innovation 19
  • 20. Open Innovation 20 “a way of companies doing innovation and research and development, where they make much greater use of external technologies in their own business, and in turn, let their unused ideas be used by others in their business.” Henry Chesbrough
  • 21. Open Data 21
  • 22. Open Data 22 "Open data is the idea that certain data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control." –Wikipedia “Open data is both raw and processed information.” – School of Open
  • 23. Open Government 23
  • 24. Open Government 24 “data or information produced or commissioned by government or government controlled entities… that is that is free for anyone to use, re-use and re-distribute” http://opengovernmentdata.org/about/.
  • 25. Open Policy 25
  • 26. Open Policy 26 Publicly funded materials should be publicly available and openly licensed.
  • 27. Open Education 27
  • 28. Open Education / Open Learning 28 “The fundamental design of Open Education intends to produce a threefold educational experience that combines learning/research, communication and collaboration, and the ability to share findings with a specific population.” Wikipedia
  • 29. Summary 29 Open can mean different things based on the context. It may be mean reducing barriers to some or all of the following: •Access •Duplication •Adaptation •Participation Image CC:BY-SA Colleen Simon (Flickr)
  • 30. Questions? 30
  • 31. Attribution Key for more information see: http://open.umich.edu/wiki/AttributionPolicy Use + Share + Adapt Make Your Own Assessment Creative Commons – Attribution License Creative Commons – Attribution Share Alike License Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial License Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike License GNU – Free Documentation License Creative Commons – Zero Waiver Public Domain – Ineligible: Works that are ineligible for copyright protection in the U.S. (17 USC § 102(b)) *laws in your jurisdiction may differ Public Domain – Expired: Works that are no longer protected due to an expired copyright term. Public Domain – Government: Works that are produced by the U.S. Government. (17 USC § 105) Public Domain – Self Dedicated: Works that a copyright holder has dedicated to the public domain. Fair Use: Use of works that is determined to be Fair consistent with the U.S. Copyright Act. (17 USC § 107) *laws in your jurisdiction may differ Our determination DOES NOT mean that all uses of this 3rd-party content are Fair Uses and we DO NOT guarantee that your use of the content is Fair. To use this content you should do your own independent analysis to determine whether or not your use will be Fair. { Content the copyright holder, author, or law permits you to use, share and adapt. } { Content Open.Michigan believes can be used, shared, and adapted because it is ineligible for copyright. } { Content Open.Michigan has used under a Fair Use determination. }