Increasing access to education through OER and creative global dissemination networks (One Web Day, 2009)
Increasing access to educationthrough OER and creativeglobal dissemination networks Presenter: Kathleen Ludewig (MSI/MPP Candidate 2010) Presented to: School of Information iPol One Web Day September 22, 2009 Copyright 2009 Regents of the University of Michigan. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/>.
Problems - Educational materials are expensive - Disparity in health care within and between countries - Healthcare worker shortage, especially in developing countries
OERLearning materials that are freely available for use,redistribution, and adaptation
A Huge Array Of OERs Exist TodayAcross Different Populations Of Learners K-12 Higher Education Life-Long Learning Teacher training Courses Books Courseware Images Video lectures Applications Podcasts Lesson plans Journals Games Slide from Presentation CC BY William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Presentation at University of Michigan, October 23, 2008 Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
OERs Are Available Across The World Slide from Presentation CC BY William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Presentation at University of Michigan, October 23, 2008 Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
Caveat The resources may be free, but there are other barriers (e.g. technical) to access
Facts Ghana South Africa Internet Users 650,000 (2007) 5.1 million (2005) Internet Hosts 24,018 (2008) 1.297 million (2008) Cell Phone Users 7.604 million (2007) 42.3 million (2007) Source: CIA World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
Explanation Bandwidth (DSL, dialup, broadband, and satellite) are expensive.
Source: International Development Research Centre,http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-6568-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html
Workarounds Server side: - Compressed files, simple GUI - Removable media Client Side: - Removable media - Intranet - Social networks (e.g. student representatives)
Policy Advocacy Bandwidth for Education, some efforts: - Universal Giving (Partnership with One Web Day): http://philanthropost.wordpress.com/take- action-resources/spread-the-web/ - Partnership for Higher Education in Africa: http://www.foundation-partnership.org/
Partnerships with other ICT4D Innovations? - Telecenters - Mobile phones - Traveling library - Freedom Toaster
Conclusion If you want to share your materials, educational or otherwise, worldwide I recommend that you: 1)Attach an open license (e.g. Creative Commons) and use only public domain or open content in your materials (Open.Michigan can help you get started!) 2)Include compressed files and other UI customizations for low- bandwidth environments 3)Investigate distribution methods other than the Internet (e.g. removable media, Intranet) 4)Join advocacy campaigns for bandwidth for education in developing countries