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Rise ofcitizenjournalism part 2

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  • 1. RISE OF CITIZEN JOURNALISM – PART 2 Principles of News Mayborn School of Journalism Professor Neil Foote
  • 2. Citizen Journalism - Pros • Expanded coverage • More diverse coverage • Real time • Up close, personal • Engaging readers/viewers • Unfiltered Cons • Unreliable • Potentially fraudulent or a hoax • Not verified • Editors/producers Loss of control • Too subjective • Unprofessional 2
  • 3. Defining Citizen Journalism 1. Everybody is a journalist 2. Serve as a resource for professional journalists 3. A tool for professional journalism 4. Catalyst to develop stronger ties between journalists and citizens/community 5. Journalist standards still relevant Source: Shifting boundaries: Objectivity, citizen journalism and tomorrow's journalists, Bolette B. Blaagaard 3
  • 4. Everybody is a journalist • Greater pressure on professionals to get it right Male, 23: Now we are under heavy scrutiny from everyone. If I do a mistake on my story, my readers will be able to comment on the mistake, identify it, correct the mistake, and if I don‟t pay attention to it, I will be a bad journalist and my story goes from a static product, it transforms itself into a plurality(?) that is constantly changing, evolving, due to the contribution of every citizen. Source: Shifting boundaries: Objectivity, citizen journalism and tomorrow's journalists, Bolette B. Blaagaard 4
  • 5. Resource to professionals • Providing real-time information on news happening where reporters are not • Twitter, Facebook, texts replace The AP, Reuters • Creates tension for reporters/editors/produces grounded in objectivity, unbiases • What if … the pictures showing police beating up a person, but don’t show what provoked it? 5
  • 6. CNN‟s iReport – The Vetting Process • Lila King, participation director for CNN Digital, • Focused on inviting CNN's global audiences to participate in the news • Launched 2007 • “Rigorous, time-consuming” • Add context and analysis • Tools to better prepare „citizen journalists‟ 6
  • 7. CNN‟s iReport – The Vetting Process • Lila King on the 5th Anniversary: • http://www.poynter.org/latest- news/mediawire/141269/ireport-turns-5- citizen-journalism-%E2%80%98at-the- core%E2%80%99-of-cnn%E2%80%99s- coverage-of-big-news/ 7
  • 8. The „Vetting‟ Process Videos submitted iReport Desk Producers Contact Contributors 8% submissions accepted = C O M M U N I T Y 1mm Registered iReporters, 2.4 mm monthly unique visitors as of May 2012 500 submitted daily 8
  • 9. Verify, Verify, Verify • Contact contributor directly • Use other reporters/producers who have sources on the ground EXAMPLE: • Videos starting pouring in of protests in Ibadan, Nigeria • Contacted y Boma Tai, a 24-year-old pharmacist • Protests prompted, in part, due to skyrocketing fuel prices • He was participating in the protest • With help of CNN International reporters/producers, they created a comprehensive report on protests 9
  • 10. • “CNN wasn‟t really covering that story at all until we started seeing an outpouring of contributions of video and photos and people writing into iReport over and over for days,” said Lila King, participation director for CNN Digital. “It made us say, „Gosh, you know we really need to be paying attention to this.‟ ” SOURCE: http://www.poynter.org/latest-news/regret-the-error/160045/how-cnns-ireport-verifies-its-citizen-content/ 10
  • 11. Verify, Verify, Verify • Use CNN subject-matter experts, affiliates and local news reports • Confirm photos – checking metadata of images to make sure pictures were taken win the actual location • TinEye.com: Reverse Photo Search 11
  • 12. Engagement = More content • Lilia King: • News gatherers & curators • Dan Gilmour: • Collaborators, conversationalists and listeners • Steve Safran, director of digital media for New England Cable News: • „Participatory Journalism‟ is a conversation with citizens about news – carefully edited, filtered – not “1,000 conversations at once” 12
  • 13. Citizen Journalism Requires Skills •Barry Parr, founding editor of Coastsider, San Mateo, Calif. (former San Jose Mercury News editor • Created a local news website •It‟s hard to get people to contribute •It‟s easy to get people to return a call when they like your coverage 13
  • 14. Citizen Journalism Requires Skills cont. •Barry Parr continued: •To do „citizen journalism‟ well, you must remain committed to: • Accuracy • Being factual • The truth • Being thorough • Being transparent 14
  • 15. Today‟s Discussion Question •Respond to this – citing examples supporting or disputing this argument: “Citizen journalism is a complete waste of time, devaluing professional journalists, confusing readers and viewers and a pathetic replacement for quality, credible content.” 15