Rise ofcitizenjournalism part 1(1)


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Rise ofcitizenjournalism part 1(1)

  1. 1. THE RISE OF CITIZEN JOURNALISM- PART 1 Principles of News University of North Texas Professor Neil Foote
  2. 2. Digital Media Disruption • Traditional audiences changing • The Internet becoming more commonplace for readers/viewers to get their news • Traditional media struggling to adapt in the ―new economy‖ • Newsrooms racing to keep up with news – that keeps on happening 2
  3. 3. Bucking traditional trends • OLD MODEL: Create content, then distribute • Creating content, making it available • Readers/viewers now collaborators • Consumers as producers: ―pro-sumers‖ • Creators as collaborators • ―Democratization of content‖ • Access to more content along with: • Better tools to distribute content • In print, online, on air • Anytime, anywhere, any device 3
  4. 4. ―Newsmakers need to understand that the swirling eddies of news are not tiny pools on the shoreline. Information is an ocean, and newsmakers can no longer control the tide as easily as they once did.‖ -- Dan Gilmour, author, ―We the Media – Grassroots Journalism by the People for the People‖ and director of the Knight Center for Digital Media Entrepreneurship at the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism, Arizona State. 4
  5. 5. The traditional model 5
  6. 6. Flipping the script • Readers/viewers now collaborators • Consumers as producers: ―pro-sumers‖ • Creators as collaborators • ―Democratization of content‖ • Access to more content along with: • Better tools to distribute content • In print, online, on air • Triple AAA: Anytime, anywhere, any device 6
  7. 7. The new model 7
  8. 8. The Interactive Audience • Now: • Individual, personalized, direct • Email addresses for reporters • Tracking readers: Story by story Top Down Editors to Readers Readers in Control Audience Participation 8 User- Generated Content
  9. 9. Participatory Journalism • The act of a citizen, or group of citizens, playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information. • The intent of this participation is to provide independent, reliable, accurate, wide- ranging and relevant information that a democracy requires. http://www.hypergene.net/wemedia/weblog.php?id=P36 9
  10. 10. The New Model of News Technology empowering grassroots Information no longer leaks, it gushes Information takes on a life of its own Verification happens in real time 10
  11. 11. Changing role of journalists, media • Why wait for a newspaper or television reporter to interview me to tell my story when I could go direct? • Get rid of the ―middle man‖: Editors • Readers going directly to reporters • Readers using fast growing, easy to use digital tools to speak directly to the audience you want to reach 11
  12. 12. Mark Cuban on blogging • Launched ―Blog Maverick‖ in 2004 Q: What prompted the blog in the first place? A: I was tired of reading incomplete information or misinformation about twhat I was doing in the sports media. This was one way to get the facts out.‖ -- From Dan Gilmor‘s “We the Media”, p. 73 12
  13. 13. Voices on Citizen Journalism •Dan Gilmor: Disruption is alive • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=avyXQATlUbs&list= PLWs5AVkTPaJQWRzE39nw6SIm4nNZ4KrUP •The Economist: Worst fears realized? • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sTRG2BZlizc • Groundreport.com: The rise of citizen journalism – Rachel Stern discusses- • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nYlwM WY5PG8 13
  14. 14. The 2004 Presidential Campaign • Vermont Gov. Dr. Howard Dean helped transform campaigns • His famous ―campaign scream‖ led to his downfall: • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RwkNn Mrsx7Q • “Open source politics” Campaign workers wrote software to capture emails, wrote blogs, communicated directly with supporters, donors 14 Source: - From Dan Gilmor‘s “We the Media”, p. 100
  15. 15. How Blogs Trumped Mainstream 1. The resignation of Sen. Trent Lott, a powerful, veteran politician - I want to say this about my state. When Strom Thurmond ran for president, we voted for him. We’re proud of it. And if the rest of the country had followed our lead, we wouldn’t have had all these problems over all these years either.
— Mississippi Senator Trent Lott, Dec. 5, 2002 said during Thurmond‘s 100th birthday 15
  16. 16. How Blogs Trumped Mainstream cont. • Lott‘s support of Thurmond suggested he supported segregation, voting rights laws and lynching • ABC News‘ Ed O‘Keefe and The Washington Post‘ Tom Edsall wrote about remarks • Atrios.Blogspot, TalkingPointsMemo.com, Instapundit 16 Source: ― ‗Big Media‘ Meets the ‗Bloggers‘, http://shorensteincenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/1731_0_scott.pdf
  17. 17. How Blogs Trumped Mainstream cont. 2. CBS Apology on The National Guard memo in 2004 • CBS anchor Dan Rather admitted a key source had lied to the network about President George W. Bush‘s National Guard service • Story originally reported that Bush had received preferential treatment to avoid fulfilling his obligations • Major media do stories on Rather‘s original report that ran on 60 Minutes • Powelineblog.org: Immediate begins to question the memos‘ authenticity. Run by several attorneys 17 Source: http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/politicselections/nation/president/2004-09-21-guard-scoops-skepticism_x.htm
  18. 18. How Blogs Trumped Mainstream cont. 3. TMZ.com reports Michael Jackson’s death • In 2009, the entertainment blog reported his death – an hour before it was any media had confirmed it • Based its sources all over L.A. – from the emergency room to Jackson‘s home 18 Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/27/business/media/27media.html
  19. 19. Bloggers, bloggers everywhere • Politicians running for office created their own blogs • Partisan groups launched their own online publications (Matt Drudge‘s The Drudge Report, Josh Marshall‘s Talking Points Memor, Markos Moulitsas‘ Daily Kos, Arianne Huffington‘s The Huffington Post • Continued to grow in 2008 & 2012 presidential campaigns 19 Source: - From Dan Gilmor‘s “We the Media”, pp. 101-2
  20. 20. Gilmor: Niche Journalism Rules • Too many campaigns, not enough reporters and not enough space • Issues of our times ―too complex, too nuanced‖ for major media to cover • Perfect timing for citizen journalists to step up • Individuals passionate about issues – more so than the masses 20
  21. 21. “The monolithic media and its increasingly simplistic representation of the world cannot provide the competition of ideas necessary to reach consensus.” - Joi Ito, entrepreneur/blogger in ―Emergent Democracy‖ 21 Source: - From Dan Gilmor‘s “We the Media”, p. 103
  22. 22. ‗We‘ is stronger than ‗me‘ •Gilmor: • Readers/viewers know more than media professionals • Many readers, only one reporter • Readers want more than ‗half-baked‘ coverage, they want the full story • Opportunity for ―big media‖: Have conversations with your audience 22
  23. 23. “More and more, journalism is going to be owned by the audience. That doesn’t mean there isn’t a place for pro-journalists, who wil always be there – who need to be there – to gather the facts, ask questions with some measure of discipline and pull together a larger audience.” - Jeff Jarvis, blogger, educator and former executive Advance.net 23 Source: - From Dan Gilmor‘s “We the Media”, p. 111
  24. 24. Citizen Journalism & Breaking News… • Virginia Tech: April 2007 • Tahrir Square : July 2013 • Katie Couric and the role of YouTube in citizen journalism: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ySEIK- I8I-Q 24