Native Nations of North America Map


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Native Nations of North America Map

  1. 1. Did you know there are over 500Native American nations in NorthAmerica that are registered withthe U.S. government?The following map shows the nameof tribes and the area they wereknown to reside after settlers came.
  2. 2. TlingitClick here when Done Quileute Blackfoot Wampanoag Fox Mohawk Xiuhtecuhtli Ute Kickapoo Cherokee Aztec
  3. 3. The Aztecs began their reign in 1427 after the leader, Itzcoatl, defeated the Tepanecs and gained control of the Mexican basin.In 1325 they started Tenochtitlan (ten-o-chit-lan), a citythat is now Mexico City. The Aztecs were warriors andbuilders who founded the empire in the 15th century thatwas second only to the Incas in Peru. To learn about the Aztec God, Xiuhtecuhtli, click on the arrow below.Back to Map Xiuhtecuhtli
  4. 4. "Blackfoot" is the English translation of theword siksika, which means "black foot." Itrefers to the dark colored moccasins the peoplewore. They avoided eating fish or using canoes because they believe that rivers and lakes hold special power through habitation of Underwater People called the Suyitapis. The Suyitapis are the power source for medicine bundles, painted lodge covers, and other sacred items. Back to Map
  5. 5. Due to gold fever sweeping the nation,the Cherokee were forced to relocateto a reservation in Oklahoma and weremade to march 1000 miles from NorthCarolina to Oklahoma.About 4,000 died from hunger, exposureand disease. The journey became knownas the "trail where they cried" for theCherokees and other removed tribes.Today, it is remembered as the "Trail ofTears." Back to Map
  6. 6. The Fox tribe of Native Americans are an Algonquian language-speaking group that are now part of the Sauk tribe as the Sac and Fox Nation. The Fox called themselves Meskwaki. The name Fox originated in a French mistake when they applied a clan name to the entire tribe. The Meskwaki suffered removal from their ancestral lands, were educated in Christian missionary schools that prohibited the use of their language and religion, and were taught modern methods of farming.Back to Map
  7. 7. In the early 1600s, the Kickapoo were living in their originalhomeland way up north in the Michigan area. Europeans came tothe area where the Kickapoo were living and they wanted theKickapoo to trade with them. The Kickapoo did not want to havedealings with these new people and so they moved to avoid them.They moved to the Green Bay area of Wisconsin. From the time oftheir first contact with Europeans, the Kickapoo have moved toavoid the white mans ways.The Kickapoo built wooden, bark covered structures for houses. These housesare called wickiups or wigwams. They raised crops, gathered fruits andnuts, fished and hunted deer, bear and small game. Wood provided materialfor many of the tools and implements. Back to Map
  8. 8. The Mohawk Nation, then known as Kanienkehake(people of the flint), was one of the five foundingNations of the Iroquois League. The name Mohawkwas given to the tribe by the Algonquin and was lateradopted by the Europeans who had difficultypronouncing Kanienkehake.The Mohawk are well-known for creating the gameof Lacrosse.Back to Map
  9. 9. According to their ancient creation story, the Quileutes were changed from wolves by a wandering Transformer. By legend, their only kindred, the Chimakum Tribe, were washed away by a flood and ended up near present-day Port Townsend, where they lived until Chief Seattles Suquamish Tribe wiped them out in the 1860s, leaving the Quileutes with no known relatives on earth. Relations with other groups allowed trade, intermarriage of nobility, and the ceremony, the potlatch, a giveaway celebration and redistribution of wealth. The Quileute Nation was most recently recognized in the popular movie series Twilight.Click here to watch the REAL Quileute StoryBack to Map
  10. 10. In Early times they were dancers; songs, chants, and dramatic representations accompanied all greetings, partings, feasts, fights, funerals, and visits. The Tlingit Indians of southeastern Alaska developed one of the most complex cultures to be found among the indigenous peoples of North America. With their vast resources, they extended their commerce east into the Canadian interior regions to trade with neighboring Athabaskan tribes. The whites had to yield to Tlingit ideas of justice and totemic laws: an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, or material equivalent, are strictly demanded.Back to Map
  11. 11. Bands provided for common defense and sponsoredsome public ceremonies. Special groups would splitoff from bands during the summer periods forraiding, trading, and hunting ventures. The The peyote religion, which was introduced to the Northerncommunities in the eastern areas, whose Utes in 1914 and to the Colorado Utes in 1917, alsoenvironments were less arid, had larger and more flourishes on all three reservations.complex band organizations than those in the centerand west. The Bear Dance, which was the grandest of the pre-contact rituals performed by Ute bands, is still performed by each Ute community on each reservation .Back to Map
  12. 12. Wampanoag means "People of the East."Wampanoag men built their peoples circular homes,engaged in politics, traded, hunted, and fought.Women cultivated the land, caught shellfish, cooked,cared for children, and manufactured mats, baskets,and clothing.The Wampanoags were farmers, fishers, hunters,and gatherers, and performed their tasks accordingto a seasonal schedule. Today there are two bands ofWampanoags, one in Mashpee, Massachusetts, andthe other on Marthas Vineyard. The Wampanoag were the people who shared Thanksgiving with the Pilgrims. Click here to watch Thanksgiving: A Native American ViewBack to Map
  13. 13. Xiuhtecuhtli (she -wa -te -KWA -tle) was the patrongod of the Aztec emperors, who were regarded as In Aztec mythology, Xiuhtecuhtli ("old god") was thehis living embodiment at their enthronement. The personification of life after death, warmth in colddeity was also one of the patron gods of the (fire), light in darkness and food during famine. Hemerchant class. was usually depicted with a red or yellow face and a censer on his head. Feasts were held in honor of Xiuhtecuhtli to keep his favors, and human sacrifices were burned after removing their heart.Back to Map
  14. 14. About how many Native Nations are registered with the U.S. government?True or False: The Mohawk invented football.True or False: Native Americans still live the same way they did 150 years ago.What tribe is depicted in the movie series Twilight?True or False: Your teacher lived amongst the natives. For sources click here
  15. 15. Next source pageAll images found by using Google image search engine.Websites:•••••••••• • •
  16. 16. ••••••••• • 1900_wampanoag.htm • • 44500_zunipueblo.htm
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