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Types of cut aways

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  • So, If you are filming someone talking while working at a computer you would get a – the interviewee sitting at their desk with computer, showing the room and position they are in. Takes time but you may need to revist places you filmed to get them -working in TV....

Types of cut aways Types of cut aways Presentation Transcript

  • INTERVIEW FILMING TECHNIQUES
    Cut Aways and General Views and more...
  • INTERVIEW FILMING TECHNIQUESToday you will learn about:
    Introductory shots
    Geography Shots
    General Views
    Wallpaper Shots
    Cut Aways
    We are going to look at a channel four documentary to explore these shots
  • Uses GV’s and Wallpaper Shots
    to great effect...
    Watch the opening sequence
    of this episode and look at the
    choice of shots...
    Why do you think they have been chosen?
  • The Introductory Shot
    For interviews – film a shot of the interviewee doing something other than being interviewed.
    If possible, film your interviewee doing something which gives the viewer an insight into what sort of person they (walking their dog, gardening etc)
  • GV’s – General Views
    A GV (General View) can be an Establishing Shot or a wide shot to show where the action is taking place.
    GV’s can also be shots that illustrate the point the commentary or interview is making.
    To emphasise the meaning or feelings of the sequence.
    Wallpaper shots – in other words, they give the viewer something to look at while the commentary/interview is talking.
  • Geography Shots
    A geography shot is a wide shot of the people in their location
    This show’s people’s positions relative to one another to relieve the disorientation that viewers get if you cover a long scene only with mid and close ups.
  • WHEN FILMING INTERVIEWS:
    Always film GV’s and Geography shots even if you don’t think you will need them – you will be surprised how often they get you out of trouble in the edit.
  • CUT AWAYS – Can be used if you want to shorten an answer in an interview.
    It is easy to shorten the sound in the edit – but it is not so easy with the picture – there is an obvious jump when the pictures are put together.
    To cover this jump you have to cut away to something else. Hence the term ‘cutaway’.
  • Typical Cutaways
    Close-up details of the main action
    People’s faces
    Their hands
    Shots from the point of view of the main object in the sequence
  • Cut Away’s Exercise
    Imagine you are using your interviewee as voice over and the interviewee is talking about how much time they spend working on their computer...
    What would you get cutaways of? In pairs think of 5 examples of cutaways and write them down.
    Use the scene here at my desk to help you imagine which shots to get.
  • My suggestions
    Wide shot of them sitting at the computer
    Their face looking at the screen
    Their hands using the keyboard
    Using the mouse.
    Close up of the screen itself.
    Look for reflections of them using the computer (in a window/mirror/their glasses)
    Close up of any customisation of the computer (e.g. stickers/furry toys etc)
  • These filming techniques enable a sequence to be edited together
    They help to convey meaning and feeling
    Set the scene – establishing shots/GV’s
    Wallpaper to cover a voice over/interview
    Illustrate subject matter
    Used to link sequences together – going from one location to the next or going from an interview to action taking place
    Prevent ‘Jump Cuts’
  • Watch the opening sequence again. In pairs identify the
    shots used.. GV’s/Cutaways etc. Answer some of the
    following questions for each shot/ sequence of shots.
    What shot size?
    Camera Movement?
    Duration of Shot?
    Reason for use of shot?
    Meaning created by shot?
    Well done!
    You have just analysed a clip and explained some of the conventions used. This is what you need to do for Task 1 coursework presentation.
  • Watch a documentary of your choice
    In Identify some of the different types of cutaways
    used.
    Look for:
    Introductory Shots
    Geography shots
    GV’s
    Wallpaper shots
    Cut Aways
    Explain why the shots are used with reference to specific detailed examples from the programme.
    You can use this example as part of your TASK 1 coursework presentation about documentaries..