Types of cut aways

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  • So, If you are filming someone talking while working at a computer you would get a – the interviewee sitting at their desk with computer, showing the room and position they are in. Takes time but you may need to revist places you filmed to get them -working in TV....
  • Types of cut aways

    1. 1. INTERVIEW FILMING TECHNIQUES<br />Cut Aways and General Views and more...<br />
    2. 2. INTERVIEW FILMING TECHNIQUESToday you will learn about:<br />Introductory shots<br />Geography Shots<br />General Views<br />Wallpaper Shots<br />Cut Aways<br />We are going to look at a channel four documentary to explore these shots<br />
    3. 3. Uses GV’s and Wallpaper Shots <br />to great effect...<br />Watch the opening sequence<br /> of this episode and look at the<br />choice of shots...<br />Why do you think they have been chosen?<br />
    4. 4. The Introductory Shot<br />For interviews – film a shot of the interviewee doing something other than being interviewed.<br />If possible, film your interviewee doing something which gives the viewer an insight into what sort of person they (walking their dog, gardening etc)<br />
    5. 5. GV’s – General Views<br />A GV (General View) can be an Establishing Shot or a wide shot to show where the action is taking place. <br />GV’s can also be shots that illustrate the point the commentary or interview is making.<br />To emphasise the meaning or feelings of the sequence.<br />Wallpaper shots – in other words, they give the viewer something to look at while the commentary/interview is talking.<br />
    6. 6. Geography Shots<br />A geography shot is a wide shot of the people in their location<br />This show’s people’s positions relative to one another to relieve the disorientation that viewers get if you cover a long scene only with mid and close ups. <br />
    7. 7. WHEN FILMING INTERVIEWS:<br /> Always film GV’s and Geography shots even if you don’t think you will need them – you will be surprised how often they get you out of trouble in the edit.<br />
    8. 8. CUT AWAYS – Can be used if you want to shorten an answer in an interview.<br />It is easy to shorten the sound in the edit – but it is not so easy with the picture – there is an obvious jump when the pictures are put together.<br />To cover this jump you have to cut away to something else. Hence the term ‘cutaway’.<br />
    9. 9. Typical Cutaways <br />Close-up details of the main action<br />People’s faces<br />Their hands<br />Shots from the point of view of the main object in the sequence<br />
    10. 10. Cut Away’s Exercise<br />Imagine you are using your interviewee as voice over and the interviewee is talking about how much time they spend working on their computer... <br />What would you get cutaways of? In pairs think of 5 examples of cutaways and write them down.<br /> Use the scene here at my desk to help you imagine which shots to get. <br />
    11. 11. My suggestions<br />Wide shot of them sitting at the computer <br />Their face looking at the screen<br />Their hands using the keyboard<br />Using the mouse.<br />Close up of the screen itself.<br />Look for reflections of them using the computer (in a window/mirror/their glasses)<br />Close up of any customisation of the computer (e.g. stickers/furry toys etc)<br />
    12. 12. These filming techniques enable a sequence to be edited together<br />They help to convey meaning and feeling<br />Set the scene – establishing shots/GV’s<br />Wallpaper to cover a voice over/interview<br />Illustrate subject matter<br />Used to link sequences together – going from one location to the next or going from an interview to action taking place<br />Prevent ‘Jump Cuts’<br />
    13. 13. Watch the opening sequence again. In pairs identify the<br />shots used.. GV’s/Cutaways etc. Answer some of the<br />following questions for each shot/ sequence of shots.<br />What shot size?<br />Camera Movement?<br />Duration of Shot?<br />Reason for use of shot?<br />Meaning created by shot?<br />Well done! <br />You have just analysed a clip and explained some of the conventions used. This is what you need to do for Task 1 coursework presentation. <br />
    14. 14. Watch a documentary of your choice<br />In Identify some of the different types of cutaways<br />used.<br />Look for:<br />Introductory Shots <br />Geography shots <br />GV’s<br />Wallpaper shots<br />Cut Aways<br />Explain why the shots are used with reference to specific detailed examples from the programme.<br />You can use this example as part of your TASK 1 coursework presentation about documentaries.. <br />

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