55% of online teens have created a personal profile online (ages 12-17) 55% have used social networking sites like MySpace or Facebook. 66% of teens who have created a profile say that their profile is not visible to all Internet users - Pew Internet & American Life Project Survey (1.7.07)
Why 2.0? Static to Active – build an architecture of participation 55% of online teens have created a personal profile online (ages 12-17) 55% have used social networking sites like MySpace or Facebook. 66% of teens who have created a profile say that their profile is not visible to all Internet users - Pew Internet & American Life Project Survey (1.7.07)
From Educational Origami – Andrew Churches wiki
Ask yourself this question as you think about using digital resources and the web.
The origin of copyright “ The Congress shall have the power … to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.” - U.S. Constitution. Art 1, Section 8
Original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. The key concepts are Original, Fixed, and Tangible.
Copyright Does Not Protect Certain Works There are some things that copyright law does not protect. Copyright law does not protect the titles of books or movies, nor does it protect short phrases such as, “Make my day.” Copyright protection also doesn’t cover facts, ideas, or theories. These things are free for all to use without authorization. Short Phrases Phrases such as, “Show me the money” or, “Beam me up” are not protected under copyright law. Short phrases, names, titles, or small groups of words are considered common idioms of the English language and are free for anyone to use. However, a short phrase used as an advertising slogan is protectible under trademark law. In that case, you could not use a similar phrase for the purpose of selling products or services. Subsequent chapters explain how this rule applies to specific types of works. For more information on trademarks, see Chapter 10. Facts and Theories A fact or a theory—for example, the fact that a comet will pass by the Earth in 2027—is not protected by copyright. If a scientist discovered this fact, anyone would be free to use it without asking for permission from the scientist. Similarly, if someone creates a theory that the comet can be destroyed by a nuclear device, anyone could use that theory to create a book or movie. However, the unique manner in which a fact is expressed may be protected. Therefore, if a filmmaker created a movie about destroying a comet with a nuclear device, the specific way he presented the ideas in the movie would be protected by copyright. Example: Neil Young wrote a song, “Ohio,” about the shooting of four college students during the Vietnam War. You are free to use the facts surrounding the shooting, but you may not copy Mr. Young’s unique expression of these facts without his permission. In some cases, you are not free to copy a collection of facts because the collection of facts may be protectible as a compilation.
First that your own works are automatically covered by the Copyright Law. Unless they are created as a “work for hire” you own the copyright on your work. Equally important, that all students ’ works are covered by the Copyright Law. Finally, content available in digital form on the Internet and in e-mail is considered “tangible” thus is covered by copyright.
There are four common ways that works arrive in the public domain: the copyright has expired the copyright owner failed to follow copyright renewal rules the copyright owner deliberately places it in the public domain, known as “dedication,” or copyright law does not protect this type of work.
1. Obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. This process can take time and generally involves paying some form of royalty or licensing fee. 2. Reconsider your intended use. You can review your fair use analysis and determine which factors of your intended use most oppose fair use and make changes to be more favorable. For example, you could reduce the amount of material or choose content from different works that might be more favorable to fair use.
Leveraging Emerging Technologies for Learning (Science)Copyright October 2012. Presentation by Kimberly Lightle is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Information and links fromtoday’s presentation can befound at:http://slidesha.re/Prd3bP www.msteacher2.org -
Agenda• Three E’s of Education – Enabled, Engaged, Empowered• Personal Information Management (Finding and Refinding Information)• Creating and Creating without Breaking the Law• Connecting and Sharing (Growing professionally) www.msteacher2.org -
ENABLED, ENGAGED, ANDEMPOWERED STUDENTS www.msteacher2.org -
Social Media Revolution (Refresh) www.msteacher2.org -
Social Media TechnologiesHave you ever…. Yes NoContributed to a blog?Used a wiki?Viewed a video on YouTube?Downloaded a podcast?Shared your bookmarks?Used a social networkingsite?Tweeted? www.msteacher2.org -
Frameworks for Integrating TechnologyTPACK Blooms Digital Taxonomy • BDT isnt about the tools or technologies -- it is about using these to facilitate learning • Pyramid (pay attention to CC license) Image from http://tpack.org/ www.msteacher2.org -
Bloom’s Taxonomy Bloom’s Revised TaxonomyAnderson, L.W., and D. Krathwohl (Eds.) (2001). A Taxonomy forLearning, Teaching and Assessing: a Revision of Blooms www.msteacher2.orgTaxonomy of Educational Objectives. Longman, New York. -
ToolsAdapted from Churches, Andrew. Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy.Educational Origami. 30 January 2009. www.msteacher2.org< http://edorigami.wikispaces.com/Bloom%27s+Digital+Taxonomy >. -
What do we want students to do with online resources and applications? Ask a question Edit a wiki page Create a digital story Run a simulation Level of Engagement Post to blog Collect and share data withFind a website students around the world www.msteacher2.org -
Definition of Personal Information Management (PIM)Activities you perform in order to acquire, organize, maintain, retrieve, and use information• Paper-based and digital information• To complete tasks• In our various roles• For you• AND about you (How are you managing the personal information other people have about you?) www.msteacher2.org -
An Engineers Desk. Image courtesy of camknows, Flickr. http://www.flickr.com/photos/camknows/3821001012/PIM in the Material WorldAre you a hunter?Are you a gatherer?Do you have a guilt pile? www.msteacher2.org -
PIM in the Digital World• Where are my Personal Information Management spaces? – iGoogle Homepage via RSS – Google Drive (Google docs) – Email (Feedburner and Folders) – Folders on my desktop (but I’m tethered to one machine – ConnectPC) – DropBox – Twitter – Diigo – Wiki• Where are yours? Which ones allow you to share or be part of a community? www.msteacher2.org -
Copyright, Fair Use, and Right to Reuse• Copyright – Public Domain• Fair Use• Right to Reuse – Creative Commons www.msteacher2.org -
What Can Be Protected?Section 102 of the 1976 Copyright law lists:• musical works, including any accompanying words• dramatic works, including any accompanying music• pantomimes and choreography• pictorial, graphic and sculptural works• motion pictures and other audiovisual works• sound recordings• architectural works www.msteacher2.org -
What Can’t Be Protected?• works already in the Public Domain (information, knowledge, discoveries, and artistic creations never or no longer protected by copyright)• those works not fixed in a tangible medium such as ideas• facts• works of the U.S. Government produced by government employees www.msteacher2.org -
Copyright is AutomaticCopyright is the rule, rather than the rule exception.Materials are copyright protected instantly. instantlyThe creator or author must do something in order to not have copyright protection. www.msteacher2.org -
How do you know when something is in the Public Domain?• Anything published prior to 1923• Anything published between 1923 & 1978 without a copyright notice• Between 1978 and 1 March, 1989: – various conditions apply• After 1 March 1989: – 70 years after death of author – If corporate, or anonymous authorship, either 95 years from date of first publication, or 120 years from the date of creation, whichever comes first www.msteacher2.org -
Copyright Law Exemption – Fair UseAs defined in Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act, fair use is a defense against charges of copyright infringement determined through the analysis and application of the four fair use factors: factorsthe purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;the nature of the copyrighted work;the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole;the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. www.msteacher2.org -
How do you determine whether Fair Use applies?Free tools • Fair Use Evaluator: http://www.librarycopyright.net/fairuse/ • Fair Use Checklist: http://copyright.columbia.edu/copyright/files/2009/10/fairusechecklist.pdf • Thinking Through Fair Use: http://www.lib.umn.edu/copyright/fairthoughtsFair use frequently functions as an exemption to the copyright law for educational and socially important purposes such as teaching, research, criticism, commentary, parody, and news reporting. www.msteacher2.org -
What if your use is outside the limits of fair use?1. Obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.2. Reconsider your intended use.You could also try to find comparable works in the public domain or Creative Commons works that would meet your purpose. www.msteacher2.org -
Creative Commons• Simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to their creative work.• Every CC license helps creators to retain copyright while allowing others to copy, distribute, and make some uses of their work — at least non-commercially.http://creativecommons.org/choose/http://search.creativecommons.org/ www.msteacher2.org -
Search for Images • Creative Commons is a meta-search – you can search Flickr, Fotopedia, Google, YouTube, etc. • Search.USA.gov is the U.S. government’s official search engine. It is a comprehensive, searchable index of about 50 million pages from federal, state, local, territorial, and tribal websites.http://search.creativecommons.org/http://search.usa.gov/imageshttp://www.freetech4teachers.com/2011/06/9-places-to-find-creative-commons.html www.msteacher2.org -
Licensing the Content You Create• If you dont want anybody to reuse your content you could use this: – Example: Copyright March 2012 - Kimberly Lightle. All rights reserved.• Some people do add an additional statement about contacting the author for permission: – Example: Copyright March 2012 - Kimberly Lightle. All rights reserved. Contact the copyright holder at firstname.lastname@example.org for additional information.• The easiest and internationally recognized way to indicate how you want your content reused is through a Creative Commons license. Working through this set of questions will help you determine which license you want to use on each piece of content you create - http://creativecommons.org/choose/. This page also provides icons and the html code to embed into your web page. – Example: Copyright March 2012. Stories for Students by Kimberly Lightle is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. www.msteacher2.org -