Technical Development In this section we investigate:•What is a skill and how skills differ from abilities•How the brain learns movement Skills•Theories involved with learning Skills•How we can best teach different sorts of skills
Understand the role skill acquisition plays in participating in physical activity
Write down 5 words your associate with skills and 5 you associate with abilities What’s the difference?
‘Skill is said to be gained throughlearning. Skill is said to be learnedbehaviour’(B.Knapp)
Skills are:•Learned: You are not born with them•Permanent Changes in Behaviour• Goal Directed: Used to achieve something•Efficient: Minimum effort•Fluent•Aesthetic
The word ‘Skill’ can be used in two mainways:•To relate to an act or task (taking apenalty kick)•As an indicator of the quality of aperformance (a well executed shot maybe said to be skilful) Skills usually need to bring together a number of our Abilities
We are not born with the skills of catching, kicking and throwing etc they have to be learned But we are born with underlying factors that allow us to perform those tasks
Natural Innate or inherited Tend to be enduring traits E.g. Strength Co-ordination Quick thinking Agility Speed
Catch a ball? Hand eye coordination Accuracy Balance Fine motor control Combinations of abilities are needed to perform most skills
Psychomotor abilities Gross Motor abilities
When we say a Gymnast has performed a skilfulback somersault we mean that:Despite her early performances being unsuccessful orneeding her coaches support she has:Learned to do the skill and can now do this everytime,Would gain a good mark in a competitionPerforms with minimum effort and so efficientlyPerforms the movement fluently and with confidenceLooks good in the performance and generally is closeto the technical model
There are 3 different Types of SkillIntellectual Skills or Cognitive SkillsSkills that involve the use of a persons mentalpowers like problem solving and verbal reasoningPerceptive SkillsInterpreting and making use of informationcoming in via the senses. eg. where to pass the ball or which shotto play in GolfMotor SkillsSmoothly executing physical movements andresponses (Voluntary Movements – eg. writing your name)
Cognitive Knowing Perceptive Feeling (Affective) Motor DoingPsychomotor/ Perceptual Motor Skills:when decisions are applied to an action sooften using all 3 types of skill
Classification of Movement SkillsSkills have been classified on a varietyof continuum.A continuum is a line with twoopposing ends and gradual changes incharacteristics in between
There are 4 main Continuum 1) Precision of the MovementFine (Snooker Shot) Gross (Shot Putt) 2) Is there a Definite Beginning and End?Continuous Serial DiscreteRunning Triple Jump Badminton Serve
3) Who Controls the timing of the movement?Internal Pace External Pace(Tennis Serve) (Return of Serve)4) Does the Environment affect the skill? OPEN CLOSED(Hockey pass in Game) (Hockey pass in Practice
Two others could be:SIMPLE COMPLEXOrganisational ContinuumLOW HIGH
List the abilities important in your sport List 10 skills for your sport and classify them
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