AS PE Skills, abilities and classification 2013

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AS PE Skills, abilities and classification 2013

  1. 1. Technical Development
  2. 2. We will learn in this section: •What is a skill and how skills differ from abilities •How the brain learns movement Skills •Theories involved with learning Skills
  3. 3. We will learn today: 1. Be able to state the characteristics of a skill and an ability 2. Able to describe the difference between a skill and an ability 3. Be able to classify skills on at least 1 continuum (some people up to 4)
  4. 4. Understand the role skill acquisition plays in participating in physical activity. Why is skill acquisition important?
  5. 5. • Learned • Efficient • Fluent • Aesthetic • Born-with • underlying factors • natural • Enduring • co-ordination Skill v Ability • Permanent Changes in behaviour • Goal Directed • Strength • Economic • Fluent • Quick thinking • Aesthetic • natural • innate or inherited Which words match which term?
  6. 6. Skill ‘Skill is said to be gained through learning. Skill is said to be learned behaviour’ (B.Knapp)
  7. 7. Skills are: Goal Directed – used to achieve something Learned – You are born with them Permanent changes in behaviour Efficient – minimum effort Fluent Aesthetic
  8. 8. L. P. G.E. F. A. • Little Pinky Green Expensive Ferrari Admirer
  9. 9. The word skill used in two main ways Skills usually need to bring together a number of our Abilities To relate to an act or task (taking a penalty kick) As an indicator of the quality of a performance (a well executed shot may be said to be skilful)
  10. 10. Despite her early performances being unsuccessful or needing her coaches support she has When we say a Gymnast has performed a skilful back somersault we mean that: • Learned to do the skill and can now do this every time, • Would gain a good mark in a competition • Performs with minimum effort and so efficiently • Performs the movement fluently and with confidence • Looks good in the performance and generally is close to the technical model
  11. 11. Ability We are not born with the skills of catching, kicking and throwing etc they have to be learned But we are born with underlying factors that allow us to perform those tasks
  12. 12. Abilities are:  Natural  Innate or inherited  Tend to be enduring traits  E.g.  Strength  Co-ordination  Quick thinking  Agility  Speed
  13. 13. These are ABILITIES
  14. 14. What abilities do you need to…. Catch a ball? Hand eye coordination Accuracy Balance Fine motor control Combinations of abilities are needed to perform most skills
  15. 15. Abilities required?
  16. 16. Abilities Gross Motor Abilities: are generally related to athletic and gross physical performance i.e. physical fitness abilities Psychomotor abilities: Movement controlled by the brain (psycho…brain; motor…movement
  17. 17. Back to skill…..
  18. 18. There are 3 different Types of Skill Intellectual Skills or Cognitive Skills Skills that involve the use of a persons mental powers like problem solving and verbal reasoning Perceptive Skills Interpreting and making use of information coming in via the senses. eg. where to pass the ball or which shot to play in Golf Motor Skills Smoothly executing physical movements and responses (Voluntary Movements – eg. writing your name)
  19. 19. Perceptual Skill :What canYou See?
  20. 20. Classification of movement skills Skills have been classified on a variety of continuum. A continuum is a line with two opposing ends and gradual changes in characteristics in between Why classify ?
  21. 21. There are 4 main Continuum Fine (Snooker Shot) Gross (Shot Putt) 1) Precision of the Movement 2) Is there a Definite Beginning and End? Continuous Serial Discrete Running Triple Jump Badminton Serve
  22. 22. 3) Who Controls the timing of the movement? 4) Does the Environment affect the skill? Internal Pace (Tennis Serve) External Pace (Return of Serve) OPEN (Hockey pass in Game) CLOSED (Hockey pass in Practice)
  23. 23. Difficulty Continuum Two others could be: SIMPLE COMPLEX Organisational Continuum LOW HIGH
  24. 24. Swimsuits developments – Case study 2 Activity…. Place each of the following 8 skills on the first 4 continua (use an X and a letter to identify the skill Long jump Cycling Basketball dribble Basketball lay up Taking a penalty in football Gymnastic vault Rifle range shooting Receiving a serve in badminton
  25. 25. Activity 2 List the abilities important in your sport List 5 skills for your sport and classify them
  26. 26. We will learn today: 1. Be able to state the characteristics of a skill and an ability 2. Able to describe the difference between a skill and an ability 3. Be able to classify skills on at least 1 continuum (some people up to 4)

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