Unit+2+ss7 cg4abc+ss7cg5a governments in the middle eastPresentation Transcript
SS7CG4a Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary,confederation, and federal. Concept: Governance
Vocabulary Words To Know Unitary Confederation Federal
UNITARY• characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority.
CONFEDERATION• voluntary associations of independent states that, to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action and establish some joint machinery of consultation or deliberation.
FEDERAL• characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities.
SSCG4aBelow are distribution of power examplesSaudi Arabia United Nations United StatesForm of government where Voluntary association of Form of government whereone central group holds independent states that power is DIVIDED betweenALL the power. often only delegate a few one central group and several powers to the central regional groups. authority. UNITARY CONFEDERATION FEDERALDISTRIBUTION OF POWER
SS7CG4b Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic,oligarchic, and democratic. Concept: Governance
Vocabulary Words To Know Autocratic Oligarchic Democratic
AUTOCRATIC• government in which one person possesses unlimited power and the citizen has little if any role in the government. (like a dictatorship or even a monarchy)
OLIGARCHIC• government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes. The citizen has a very limited role.
DEMOCRATIC• a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people an exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.
SSCG4b Below are citizen participation examples AUTOCRATIC OLIGARCHIC DEMOCRATICGovernment where one Government where a small Government where the citizensperson has unlimited power group of people who have all have all the power eitherand the citizen has little if the power and the citizen has directly or indirectly through freeany role or rights. a very limited role. elections. Former Iraq Former Taliban Israeland Saudi Arabia Regime in Afghanistan CITIZEN PARTICIPATION
SS7CG4c Describe the two predominant forms ofdemocratic governments: parliamentary and presidential. Concept: Governance
Vocabulary Words To Know Parliamentary Presidential
PARLIAMENTARY• a democracy having a parliament, a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature. May have a Prime Minister elected by the legislature.
PRESIDENTIAL• a system of government in which the president is constitutionally independent of the legislature.
SSCG4cBelow are democratic government examples PARLIAMENTARY PRESIDENTIAL A cabinet (group of people) or Prime The President is elected by Minister elected by the legislature and the citizens and is part of the not the citizens. Legislative branch that makes the laws have a large executive branch, not the share of the power. legislative branch. ISRAEL IRANDEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENTS
SS7CG5aCompare the parliamentary democracy of the State of Israel, the monarchy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and thetheocracy of the Islamic Republic of Iran,distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms. Concept: Governance
Vocabulary Words To Know Democracy Monarchy Theocracy
DEMOCRACY• a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people an exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.
MONARCHY• a form of government in which supreme authority is held by a single hereditary ruler, such as a king
THEOCRACY• is a form of government in which a god or deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler. In a pure theocracy, the civil leader is believed to have a direct personal connection with God. Currently is the type of government in the nation of Iran.
COUNTRY TYPE OF FORM OF VOTING PERSONAL GOVERNMEN LEADERSHIP RIG HTS FREEDOM S T STATE PARLIAMENTARY PRIME MINISTER (head of government) PARLIAMENT Law provides for right to OF DEMOCRACY ARY vote, freedom of speech President (head of state – very little power) (except if it risks national ISRAEL How does the prime minister become the leader? DEMOCRATIC security), freedom of Prime Minister is selected (chosen) by the legislative branch Universal (men religion, right to privacy, which in Israel is the Knesset (kind of like our Congress in the and women) right to fair trial etc. voting age 18 However, many instances U.S.) Citizens vote for members of the Knesset, but cannot vote exist of prejudice against for the Prime Minister. This is a big difference compared to a years and up its Arab citizens. presidential democracy.KINGDOM MONARCHY MONARCH (King) AUTOCRATIC Human rights in Saudi OF Example of a How does the monarch (king) become the leader? Only men 21 and Arabia are based on Sharia. Many political SAUDI Unitary A monarch (king) is the hereditary ruler, usually the first over can vote freedoms do not exist. ARABIA distribution of born son of the king (birthright), no election. In Muslim when the Capital punishment given power monarchies a female cannot become queen like in other government without due process. allows. Religious and political countries. The king and his relatives are known as royal minorities as well as families and usually control the wealth of a country. women do not have many rights. ISLAMIC THEOCRATIC PRESIDENT (political leader) PRESIDENTIAL The new governmentREPUBLIC DEMOCRACY How does the president become the political leader? DEMOCRATIC continues to close OF A president is elected by the citizens by a popular vote and THEOCRACY down newspapers, IRAN becomes leader of the executive branch that enforces the laws of Universal voting silence opposing a country. age 16 and up voices and ban or AYATOLLAH (religious leader) censor books and How did the ayatollah become the religious leader? websites. The They are appointed (selected) by religious leaders (Assembly of Extra Info: peaceful Experts) in the country and serve this role for life. Their Iranians are demonstrations and influence on the elected president is very powerful. This is why mostly Shia protests of the Iran is a theocracy and the laws of the Quran are followed. Muslims. previous era are no longer tolerated.
COUNTR TYPE OF FORM OF VOTING PERSONAL Y GOVERNMEN LEADERSHIP RIGHTS FREEDOMS T STATE OFISRAELKINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIAISLAMICREPUBLI C OF IRAN