Unit 8 study guide

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Unit 8 study guide

  1. 1. Unit 8 Study Guide
  2. 2. 1. What is the main religion of the Arabs?
  3. 3. Islam
  4. 4. 2. Which cultural group practice a wide variety of religions, which include Islam, Christianity, as well as their traditional beliefs (the power of magic and curses)?
  5. 5. Bantu
  6. 6. 3. The belief in the power of the golden stool and Animism, the belief that all plant, animals, and trees have souls, is central to what cultural group?
  7. 7. Ashanti
  8. 8. 4. Why did Europeans first take an interest in the African continent?
  9. 9. To search for natural resources to fuel the Industrial Revolution
  10. 10. 5. Which cultural group follows a strict form of Islam?
  11. 11. Swahili
  12. 12. 6. How did the artificial boundaries of Africa, set up by Europeans, cause problems?
  13. 13. Artificial boundaries split tribes and kinship groups that were friendly to each other and forced rival ethnic groups together that were always in conflict with eachother
  14. 14. 7. What was The Berlin Conference of 1884?
  15. 15. A meeting held in Berlin Germany where European countries met to divide Africa into European controlled colonies
  16. 16. 8. Explain the Pan-African movement.
  17. 17. An idea that there is a global Africa made up of Native Africans and descendants of African slaves and migrants across the world
  18. 18. 9. What is nationalism?
  19. 19. Pride in one’s country
  20. 20. 10. The __________is separated from the coast of Africa by the Atlas Mountains.
  21. 21. Sahara Desert
  22. 22. 11. The ___________ is the largest desert in the world.
  23. 23. Sahara Desert
  24. 24. 12. The ____________region is mostly grasslands. .
  25. 25. Savanna
  26. 26. 13. ________________ is the biggest threat to the African Rainforest today.
  27. 27. Over population
  28. 28. 14.The _____________ Desert is located in southern Africa
  29. 29. Kalahari
  30. 30. 15. ______________is the longest river in Africa.
  31. 31. The Nile River
  32. 32. 16. Which main river in Africa crosses the equator twice?
  33. 33. The Congo River
  34. 34. 17. Why did European powers colonize Africa?
  35. 35. They wanted Africa’s rich natural resources
  36. 36. 18. Which South African leader was responsible for ending apartheid?
  37. 37. F.W. de Klerk
  38. 38. 19. At the Berlin Conference, European nations agreed to divide up the African continent. What was the main goal of the European nations?
  39. 39. To gain control of Africa’s rich natural resources
  40. 40. 20. Which lake is the largest in Africa?
  41. 41. Lake Victoria
  42. 42. 21. _________________ is forced control of one nation by another nation.
  43. 43. Colonization
  44. 44. 22. What was the African national Congress created to do?
  45. 45. To bring all races together and end apartheid
  46. 46. 23. What is the international law term that refers to large scale violence?
  47. 47. Crimes against humanity
  48. 48. 24. Who granted the release of Nelson Mandela from prison?
  49. 49. F.W. de Klerk
  50. 50. 25._________________ is the pre-planned murder of an entire national, racial, political, or ethnic group.
  51. 51. Genocide
  52. 52. 26. Which geographical feature would be considered a trade barrier?
  53. 53. The Sahara Desert
  54. 54. 27. What is the difference between a religious group and an ethnic group?
  55. 55. An ethnic group is made up of people who have similar language and culture and who often share common values and religion
  56. 56. 28. What is colonization?
  57. 57. Forced control of one nation by another nation
  58. 58. 29. Why did Africans in Kenya and Nigeria want independence from Europe?
  59. 59. To gain control of their own lands and government
  60. 60. 30.What are artificial boundaries?
  61. 61. Country boundaries that do not follow religious or ethnic lines; usually created by an outside country.
  62. 62. 31. What is apartheid?
  63. 63. Official policy of racial segregation in South Africa involving political, legal, and Economic discrimination against people of color.
  64. 64. 32. Why was the African National Congress created?
  65. 65. To bring people of all races together to end apartheid
  66. 66. 33. What is civil war?
  67. 67. Fighting between different groups to gain political power
  68. 68. 34. What caused many of the civil wars in Africa?
  69. 69. Artifical political boundaries and partitioning
  70. 70. 35. Why was the Pan-African movement created?
  71. 71. To unite the people of Africa and to develop a unified political identify

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