Government Terms
Autocracy: One Person <ul><ul><li>Citizens have  little control  over the government  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power is ...
Autocracies of the World
Oligarchy: A Small Group <ul><li>Only a few people in a small group of royalty, wealth, family, or military influence make...
Democracy: The Citizens <ul><li>The citizens have a say in their government by voting in elections. </li></ul><ul><li>Most...
Democratic Governments <ul><li>There are two predominate forms of democratic governments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliamenta...
Presidential Democracy <ul><ul><li>Citizens usually vote for members of the executive AND legislative branch  </li></ul></...
Parliamentary Democracy <ul><ul><li>Citizens vote for members of the legislative branch, and then the legislature chooses ...
Executive Legislature Citizens Citizens Legislature Executive Elect Elect Select Elect Parliamentary System Presidential S...
Why Do We Have Governments? <ul><li>All countries require governments to function. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments provide l...
How Is Power Shared? <ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><li>Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Unitary </li></ul>
Federal Government <ul><li>Federal – Power is shared by a powerful central government and the state or local governments. ...
Federal Governments of the World (All countries in green)
Unitary Government <ul><ul><li>Unitary  – a system in which the power is held by one central authority </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Unitary Governments of the World (All countries in blue)
Confederation <ul><ul><li>Confederation  - a system in which power is shared by an alliance or union of political organiza...
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Government terms

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Government terms

  1. 1. Government Terms
  2. 2. Autocracy: One Person <ul><ul><li>Citizens have little control over the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power is in the hands of one person </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government Forms: </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Germany’s Hitler, U.S.S.R.’s Stalin, Czar Nicholas II in Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Absolute Monarchy – one king in power with complete control </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: France’s King Louis XVI, Spain’s King Ferdinand </li></ul>
  3. 3. Autocracies of the World
  4. 4. Oligarchy: A Small Group <ul><li>Only a few people in a small group of royalty, wealth, family, or military influence make political decisions for the country’s people. </li></ul><ul><li>Government Forms: </li></ul><ul><li>Communism – a small group controls all the economic resources and government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: former Soviet Union, Cuba, China </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Democracy: The Citizens <ul><li>The citizens have a say in their government by voting in elections. </li></ul><ul><li>Most democracies today are republics , where the people elect leaders to represent them in the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Most countries in the world are democracies. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Democratic Governments <ul><li>There are two predominate forms of democratic governments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliamentary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both are designed to represent and protect the rights of the people </li></ul>
  7. 7. Presidential Democracy <ul><ul><li>Citizens usually vote for members of the executive AND legislative branch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens directly vote for the leader </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A single person is elected as the leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The president is both head of government (chief executive) and head of state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: U.S.A., Russia, Mexico </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Parliamentary Democracy <ul><ul><li>Citizens vote for members of the legislative branch, and then the legislature chooses the leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Head of government and head of state are TWO different people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, Australia </li></ul>
  9. 9. Executive Legislature Citizens Citizens Legislature Executive Elect Elect Select Elect Parliamentary System Presidential System
  10. 10. Why Do We Have Governments? <ul><li>All countries require governments to function. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments provide laws, structure, public services, and national defense. </li></ul><ul><li>There are different types of governments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>democracies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>republics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>monarchies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dictatorships </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. How Is Power Shared? <ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><li>Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Unitary </li></ul>
  12. 12. Federal Government <ul><li>Federal – Power is shared by a powerful central government and the state or local governments. </li></ul><ul><li>States or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian Federation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Federal Governments of the World (All countries in green)
  14. 14. Unitary Government <ul><ul><li>Unitary – a system in which the power is held by one central authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All power is given to the one branch of government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United Kingdom (U.K.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Former Soviet Union </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Unitary Governments of the World (All countries in blue)
  16. 16. Confederation <ul><ul><li>Confederation - a system in which power is shared by an alliance or union of political organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent states voluntarily work together for some common purpose and agree to certain limits on their freedom of action as a confederation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European Union </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Switzerland </li></ul></ul></ul>
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