Southern & Eastern Asia Geography and Countries
Georgia Performance StandardsSS7G9 The student will locate selected features in Southern and Eastern Asia. a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: Ganges River, Huang He (Yellow River), Indus River, Mekong River, Yangtze (Chang Jiang) River, Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean, Sea of Japan, South China Sea, Yellow Sea, Gobi Desert , Taklimakan Desert, Himalayan Mountains, and Korean Peninsula. b. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the countries of China, India, Indonesia, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, and Vietnam.
Ganges RiverThe Ganges also known by its Hinduname Ganga.Starting at Gaumakh in the southernHimalayas on the Indian side of theTibetan border.Considered the most sacred river inIndia
Ganges River It is 1,560 miles (2510 The river flows through 29 cities and about 48 towns and flows through NE, India, Nepal and Bangladesh
Himalayan MountainsLocated along the northern edge of theIndian subcontinent through Pakistan,Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar(Burma)It is the world’s largest mountain regionNine of the world’s ten tallest peaks arelocated in the Himalayas, including Mt.Everest, the highest in the world
Indus River Largest river in Pakistan 1800 miles Begins in the Himalayan mountain chain of Tibet and flows through India, Pakistan and into the Arabian Sea
Bay of BengalShallow bay leading into the Indian OceanIt is about 1,000 mi (1,600 km) wide, withan average depth exceeding 8,500 ft (2,600m).Located west of India and east of Myanmar.Many large rivers, including the Godavari,Krishna, Kaveri (Cauvery), Ganges(Ganga), and Brahmaputra, flow into it.
Indian OceanThe Indian Ocean is surrounded by Iran,Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh to thenorth; the Malay Peninsula in South Asia3rd largest ocean on the earthIt borders Australia, and the Southern oceanAbout 69 million sq km long
Indian OceanProduces Stormsystems such asMonsoons (Decemberto April), (June toOctober)Tropical cyclonesoccur duringMay/June andOctober/Novemberand January/February
Gobi DesertKnown as the Shamo: sand desert, is thelargest in Asia at 1,040,000 sq km (400,000sq miles)Sets between northern China and MongoliaThe northern part of Gobi is rich in mineralsEx: chalk-like gypsum
MekongThe Mekong River is a major river insoutheastern AsiaLongest in the region: 4,200 km (2,610 mi).Begins in Chinas Qinghai Province near theborder with TibetFlows southeast to the South China SeaBorders Myanmar (Burma) and Laos; andLaos and Thailand.Helps poor farmers grow rice crops in itsbasin
Huang (Hwang)He Yellow RiverChina’s second longest river at 3395 miles longAlso called “China’s Sorrow” because of itsdevastating floods each year.Huang He is named for the muddy yellow silt itcarries along its path through China and empties inthe Gulf of Bohai in the Northern Yellow Sea.China’s civilization began in the central area ofthis river basin
Taklimakan DesertLocated in northwestern China, this desertsets between two rugged mountain ranges:Tien Shan and Kunlan.One of the world’s largest sandy wastes, itis about 600 mi (960 km) across, with anarea of 123,550 sq mi (320,000 sq km).Its sand dunes cover 85 percent of itssurface
Yangtze (Chang Jiang) RiverLargest and longest river in China and Asiaat 3964 miles. 3rd largest in world.Flows east from the Qinghai glacier andempties into the China Sea (east).Receives water from over 700 tributariesDivides China north and southProvides hydroelectric power, water forirrigation, and transportation for cargo ships
Yellow Sea (Huang Hai)Lying between mainland China and the KoreanPeninsula and merges with the E China Sea.About 600 miles (960 km) from N to S and about435 miles (700 km) from E to W and occupies anarea of about 380,000 km²The Yellow Sea derives its name from the color ofthe silt-laden water discharged from the numerousChinese rivers that drain into its waters. (YellowRiver, Huai River, Liao River, and Yalu River).
South China SeaLies between Vietnam and the Philippines andborders other Asian countriesIt is the largest sea and is part of the Pacific OceanThe Pearl, Red, Mekong, and Chao Phraya are themajor rivers flowing into the South China Sea.It has a large amount of biological diversity, aswell as abundant oil and natural gas resources.
Korean PeninsulaA peninsula in East Asia that extendssouthwards for about 684 miles or 1,100 kmfrom the continental Asia into the PacificOcean.The East Sea/Sea of Japan surrounds thepeninsula on the east, the East China Sea tothe south, the Yellow Sea
Korean Peninsula Since 1948, this peninsula has divided Korea into 2 countries: North Korea (Democratic Republic) South Korea (Republic of Korea)
Sea of JapanAlso known as the East Sea," "Sea ofKorea," "Sea of Japan" and "Oriental Sea“Located between Asia and Japan it is almostclosed by the surrounding land masses978,000 sq miles it is highly developed fortransportation, fishing industry, oilspills,waste dumps, and petroleumexploration