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Age of exploration






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    Age of exploration Age of exploration Presentation Transcript

    • The Age of Exploration
    • What was the Age of Exploration?
      • A time period when Europeans began to explore the rest of the world.
      • Improvements in mapmaking, shipbuilding, rigging, and navigation made this possible.
      • Blue water sailing, not just coastal boats.
      • Policy of mercantilism drives the exploration.
    • What was mercantilism?
      • Policy that said there was a limited amount of money in the world.
      • Each country needs to grab what they can before it is gone.
      • Export more than you import…more money in your pocket.
      • Colonies and markets were needed to keep everything in the system.
    • The Explorers: Portugal
    • Bartolomeu Dias
      • Sailed around Cape of Good Hope at southern tip of Africa.
      • Found route to Indian Ocean
      • Trade can go from Europe to Asia by sea.
    • Vasco da Gama
      • Landed in India in 1498.
      • Important trade route from Europe to India and East Indies.
    • Ferdinand Magellan
      • His crew made first round-the-world voyage.
      • Proved for certain that the world was round.
      • Magellan was killed in the Phillippines, did not make it home.
    • The Explorers: Spain
    • Christopher Columbus
    • Christopher Columbus
      • Believed a shorter route to Asia could be found by sailing westward instead of around Africa.
      • Found the Americas instead. Oops.
    • What was the Colombian Exchange?
      • Massive exchange of plants, animals and diseases.
      • These things moved between the New and Old Worlds.
      • Started with Columbus.
      • To the Americas: cows, horses, wheat, smallpox, plus much more.
      • To Europe: potatoes, tomatoes, tobacco, corn, plus much more.
    • The Slave Trade
      • Europeans began to use slave labor in their colonies to grow crops, mine, etc.
      • Native Americans used for a while, but Africans began to be brought to the Americas.
      • The slave trade then became the main focus of Europe’s relations with Africa.
    • What was the Triangular Trade?
      • System of trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
      • Stage 1: Raw materials to Europe (tobacco, rum, sugar)
      • Stage 2: Manufactured goods to Africa (guns, cloth, rum)
      • Stage 3: Slaves to the Americas to make raw materials.
    • The Triangular Trade