Age of exploration

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Age of exploration

  1. 1. The Age of Exploration
  2. 2. What was the Age of Exploration? • A time period when Europeans began to explore the rest of the world. • Improvements in mapmaking, shipbuilding, rigging, and navigation made this possible. • Blue water sailing, not just coastal boats. • Policy of mercantilism drives the exploration.
  3. 3. What was mercantilism? • Policy that said there was a limited amount of money in the world. • Each country needs to grab what they can before it is gone. • Export more than you import…more money in your pocket. • Colonies and markets were needed to keep everything in the system.
  4. 4. The Explorers: Portugal
  5. 5. Bartolomeu Dias • Sailed around Cape of Good Hope at southern tip of Africa. • Found route to Indian Ocean • Trade can go from Europe to Asia by sea.
  6. 6. Vasco da Gama • Landed in India in 1498. • Important trade route from Europe to India and East Indies.
  7. 7. Ferdinand Magellan • His crew made first round-the-world voyage. • Proved for certain that the world was round. • Magellan was killed in the Phillippines, did not make it home.
  8. 8. The Explorers: Spain
  9. 9. Christopher Columbus
  10. 10. Christopher Columbus • Believed a shorter route to Asia could be found by sailing westward instead of around Africa. • Found the Americas instead. Oops.
  11. 11. What was the Colombian Exchange? • Massive exchange of plants, animals and diseases. • These things moved between the New and Old Worlds. • Started with Columbus. • To the Americas: cows, horses, wheat, smallpox, plus much more. • To Europe: potatoes, tomatoes, tobacco, corn, plus much more.
  12. 12. The Slave Trade • Europeans began to use slave labor in their colonies to grow crops, mine, etc. • Native Americans used for a while, but Africans began to be brought to the Americas. • The slave trade then became the main focus of Europe’s relations with Africa.
  13. 13. What was the Triangular Trade? • System of trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. • Stage 1: Raw materials to Europe (tobacco, rum, sugar) • Stage 2: Manufactured goods to Africa (guns, cloth, rum) • Stage 3: Slaves to the Americas to make raw materials.
  14. 14. The Triangular Trade

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