Group1 Ss08 Smartphones

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Group1 Ss08 Smartphones

  1. 1. Team Andreas Ecker Leonina Pavic Selcuk Celebi Martin Durkac
  2. 2. Overview • Definition of a smartphone • Platforms and brands – Software and applications • Procurement and integration • 1st discussion • Future aspects
  3. 3. What is a smartphone and what can it do? =
  4. 4. What makes a phone smart? • Garnter: quot;A large-screen, voice-centric handheld device designed to offer complete phone functions while simultaneously functioning as a personal digital assistant”. • Palm: quot;A portable device that combines a wireless phone, e-mail and Web access and an organiser into a single, integrated piece of hardware.quot;
  5. 5. What makes a phone smart? ≠
  6. 6. What makes a phone smart? • Nokia: quot;Camera Phones,quot; quot;Bluetooth Capable Phonesquot; and quot;Video Recording Phones.quot; • Sony Ericsson: quot;Talk & Text Phones,quot; quot;Camera Phones,quot; quot;Music Phones,quot; quot;Design Phonesquot; and quot;Web & E-Mail Phones.quot; • LG: quot;EVDO Phones,quot; quot;Bluetooth Phonesquot; and quot;MP3 Phones.quot; • Palm: quot;Smartphonesquot; • Samsung and Motorola avoid the categorisation
  7. 7. • Operating Systems • iPhone OS • Symbian OS • Embedded Linux – OpenMoko – Android • RIM • Windows Mobile
  8. 8. iPhone OS • Based on a variant of the same Mac kernel that is found in Mac OS X • iPhone OS takes ½ GB of the device´s total of 4 - 32GB • ARM-based processor instead of the x86 and PowerPC processors
  9. 9. Symbian OS • Roots in Psions Software EPOC • Symbian Ltd. was formed 1998 • Today it is the leading OS in mobile device market
  10. 10. Symbian Ownership source (2008) : http://www.symbian.com/about/overview/ownership/ownership.html
  11. 11. Symbian OS Design Rules • Integrity and security of user data • User time must not be wasted • Resources are scarce
  12. 12. Sybian OS System Model • UI Framework Layer • Application Services Layer – Java ME • OS Services Layer – Generic OS services – Communications services – Multimedia and graphics services – Connectivity services • Base Services Layer • Kernel Services & Hardware Interface Layer
  13. 13. Open Source Software for Symbian 9.1 • PuTTY, a telnet/ssh client • Internet Radio • SymTorrent, a bittorrent client • Symella, a gnutella client • Python interpreter • Apache HTTP Server, a web server • ScummVM, game emulation • OggPlay, audio player
  14. 14. Security and malware • Drever / Locknut / Fontal – trojan • Cabir / Mabir – viruses • Symbian OS 9.x adopted a capability model – making malware traceable
  15. 15. There are hundreds of devices using Symbian OS like the Nokia Communicatior E90.
  16. 16. Nokia E90 • GSM quad-band (850/900/1800/1900) • HSDPA (up to 3.6 Mbit/s enabled) • Nokia Office Tools 1.1 (including Active notes) • VoIP 2.1 • QCIF camera for video calling (up to 30 fps) • Display: 16 million true colors
  17. 17. Embedded Linux • Different from desktop and server versions of Linux • Linux kernel combined with a set of free software utilities • Source code can be modified and redistributed • No royalty or licensing costs • Large support base
  18. 18. Devices using embedded Linux • Accton • Cellon • Datang • D-Link, V-Click • Ericsson • FIC Neo1973 • Grundig • HTC • Motorola • Etc. http://www.linuxdevices.com/articles/AT9423084269.html
  19. 19. OpenMoko • Designed to provide end users with the ability to modify the operating system and software stack • The first supported phone, the Neo1973 was released in July, 2007 and distributed exclusively through openmoko.com
  20. 20. OpenMoko
  21. 21. Android • Software development platform • Developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance • Based on Open Source Software • Running with Linux 2,6 Kernel • Creation of Andy Rubin (Google's director of mobile platforms)
  22. 22. Some features • Connectivity technologies including GSM, Bluetooth, EDGE, 3G, and Wi-Fi • SMS, MMS • WebKit application framework
  23. 23. • Media formats such as MPEG-4, H.264, MP3, and AAC, AMR, JPEG, PNG,GIF • Cameras, touchscreens, GPS, and accelerated 3D graphics • Google Maps supported Street View
  24. 24. RIM –Research in Motion-BlackBerry • Canadian wireless device company • OS of all Blackberry devices • Released in 1999 • provided a quot;one mailboxquot; solution •„Push“ e-mail technology
  25. 25. Blackberry Models • Early Pager Models: 850, 857, 950, 957 • Monochrome Java-based Models: 5000-series and 6000-series • First Color Models: 7200-series, 7500-series and 7700-series • First SureType Phone Models: 7100-series • Modern BlackBerry Models: 8000-series including BlackBerry Pearl and BlackBerry Curve
  26. 26. Blackberry Pearl 8130 • Wireless email • Attachment viewer (PDF, Word…) • Media player, camera, video recording • BlackBerry Maps
  27. 27. Windows Mobile • Based on Windows CE (published 1996) • For Pocket PCs, Smartphones, Portable Media Centers, on-board computers for certain automobiles • Latest release Windows Mobile 6 • Windows Mobile 6.1 (2008) • Photon (2009)
  28. 28. Versions • Pocket PC 2000 • Pocket PC 2002 • Windows Mobile 2003 • Windows Mobile 2003 SE • Windows Mobile 5.0 • Windows Mobile 6
  29. 29. Pocket PC 2000 Pocket PC 2002 Windows Mobile 2003 Windows Mobile 6 Windows Mobile 5.0
  30. 30. Some features • Office Mobile • Outlook Mobile • Windows Media Player • Operating System Live update • VoIp ( internet calling) • ActiveSync
  31. 31. HP 514 Voice Messenger • Weight: 102 g • 2.0quot; transflective TFT Display • Integrated WLAN 802.11b/g • VoiceReply to emails • Cyberon Voice Command • Pre-installed VPN Client • Talk time: up to 6.5 hours , Standby time: up to 6.7 days (160 hours)
  32. 32. Market Share source: Canalys 2007
  33. 33. Market Share • Shipments hit 118 million in 2007 ( 60 %) • Nokia, global market leader (shipping 60.5 million smartphones) • RIM shipments grew 112% to 12.2 million • By OS provider, Symbian leads on 67% share, followed by Microsoft on 13%, with RIM on 10%
  34. 34. Market Growth http://www.etforecasts.com/products/ES_SP-PDA.htm
  35. 35. Procurement and Integration • Decisions before buying • IT Procurement process • Integration into business infrastructure • Corporate usage
  36. 36. Why to buy? • Provides timely relevant information to staff • Enables staff to initiate transactions. • Enables field staff to update the central system Service the customer fast and on point of need
  37. 37. How to buy? • Procurement of devices or buying whole solution • Buying the device, integrating done by company's own IT department • Buying whole solution and integration service
  38. 38. Integration into business infrastructure • For emails, contacts and calendar synchronization. • For access to central database and ordering system.
  39. 39. Case Study 1: BlackBerry® and Lotus Domino Server • In-house Lotus Domino Servers • BlackBerry Enterprise Server ® • Mobile Network Provider • BlackBerry® Devices
  40. 40. Case Study 2: Nokia and MS Exchange Server • MS Exchange Server • ISA Server with firewall and VPN connection • Mobile Network Provider • Nokia with Symbian OS
  41. 41. Additional corporate usage • Human and material resource planning • Delivery scheduling and route planning for field staff. • Windows Remote Desktop client • Remote connection to building automation devices • And a lot of more….
  42. 42. What will a smartphone be able to do in the future? please write down ~ 3 features
  43. 43. Future of smartphones • Hardware development • Connectivity • Applications • Health • GPS • Security
  44. 44. Hardware development • Of… – Display – Camera – Processor – Mass storage device – Rechargeable battery • Business – Calling – E-mail – Web browsing – Payment
  45. 45. Connectivity • WiMAX vs. LTE – WiMAX’s spectrum issue – An open door for LTE? – A combination • Microsoft‘s table „Surface“
  46. 46. Applications
  47. 47. Applications
  48. 48. Health • Heart rate • Blood pressure • Blood oxygen saturation • Electrocardiogram
  49. 49. GPS • Built-in feature • Early-warning system • Traffic • Pollution
  50. 50. Security problems • Encrypting of communication between device and server • OS holes – viruses on smartphones • Hacking via bluetooth or wifi • Identity thief
  51. 51. Security problems • Viruses on smartphones
  52. 52. Security problems • Hacking via Bluetooth • Bluesnarfing = • remotely controlling mobile phone • copying contacts, sms • making calls without your notice • How to prevent attacks? • switch off your bluetooth !!! • use authentification • change your security code

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