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Communities of practice presentation

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CMN 5150 Knowledge Management & Social Media- Oral Presentation

CMN 5150 Knowledge Management & Social Media- Oral Presentation

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  • 1. Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning & Identity Etienne Wenger Kathleen Leroux University of Ottawa CMN 5150
  • 2. Presentation Overview
    • INTRODUCTION
    • PART 1: PRACTICE
    • Practice as meaning
    • Practice as community
    • Practice as learning
    • Practice as boundary
    • Practice as locality
    • PART 11: IDENTITY
    • Identity in practice
    • Identities of participation and non-participation
    • Modes of belonging
    • Identification and negotiability
  • 3. Introduction
    • A theory of learning as a process of social participation
    • Analysis centered on the “informal communities of practice that people form as they pursue shared enterprises over time”
    • Notion of practice refers to level of social structure that reflects shared learning
    • “ The concept of practice connotes doing, but not just doing in and of itself. It is doing in a historical and social context that gives structure and meaning to what we do.” (p.47)
    • Concept of practice includes both the explicit and tacit
  • 4. Practice as meaning Fig.1.0 The duality of participation and reification
  • 5. Practice as community
    • Mutual engagement
    • Joint enterprise
    • Shared repertoire
    Fig. 1.1 Dimensions of practice as the property of a community
  • 6. Practice as learning
    • The development of practice “is a matter of sustaining enough mutual engagement in pursuing an enterprise together to share some significant learning” (p.86)
    • Shared histories of learning
    • Reification vs. participation
    • Learning in practice
  • 7. Practice as boundary
    • Boundary as discontinuities between those who have been participating in communities of practice and those who have not; lines of distinction between members and non-members
    • Duality of boundary relations
    • Two types of connections that create bridges across boundaries and link communities of practice with rest of world :
      • 1. Boundary objects
      • 2. Brokering
    • Boundary encounters
      • One-on-one conversation
      • Immersion
      • Delegations
    • Practice as a connection
      • Boundary practices
      • Overlaps
      • Peripheries
  • 8. Practice as locality
    • Community of practice
    • Constellations of communities of practice
      • Indicators a community of practice has formed
  • 9. Identity in practice
    • Wenger’s perspective of identity “does justice to the lived experience of identity while recognizing its social character- it is the social, the cultural, the historical with a human face” (p.145)
    • Parallels between practice and identity
      • Identity as negotiated experience
      • Identity as community membership
      • Identity as learning trajectory
      • Identity as nexus of multimembership
      • Identity as a relation between the local and global
  • 10. Participation and non-participation
    • Not only do we produce our identities through practices we engage in, we also define ourselves through practices we do not engage in
    • Interaction of participation and non-participation
      • Peripherality
      • Marginality
    • Institutional non-participation
      • Non-participation as compromise
      • Non-participation as strategy
      • Non-participation as cover
      • Non-participation as practice
  • 11. Modes of belonging
    • Notion of belonging extended beyond local communities of practice
    • Three modes of belonging:
      • Engagement
      • Imagination
      • Alignment
  • 12. Identification and negotiability
    • Identity formation as a dual process of identification and negotiability
    • Identification
    • Negotiability
      • Economies of meaning
      • Ownership of meaning
    • Inherent tension between the dual process
      • Internal vs. external
  • 13. Related Links
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qjw0YoqpEq8
    • http://www.ewenger.com/theory/
    • http://www.asaecenter.org/Resources/JALArticleDetail.cfm?ItemNumber=16217
    • http://www.timhoogenboom.nl/?p=287
    • http://www.infed.org/biblio/communities_of_practice.htm
    • http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1472-6963-10-3.pdf
    • http://www.co-i-l.com/coil/knowledge-garden/cop/lss.shtml
    • http://www.learning-theories.com/communities-of-practice-lave-and-wenger.html
    • http://www.jstor.org/pss/40248418
    • http://www0.hku.hk/curric/amytsui/bk_reviews/docs/The_complexities_of_identity_formation.pdf