Communities of practice presentation

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CMN 5150 Knowledge Management & Social Media- Oral Presentation

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Communities of practice presentation

  1. 1. Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning & Identity Etienne Wenger Kathleen Leroux University of Ottawa CMN 5150
  2. 2. Presentation Overview <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>PART 1: PRACTICE </li></ul><ul><li>Practice as meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Practice as community </li></ul><ul><li>Practice as learning </li></ul><ul><li>Practice as boundary </li></ul><ul><li>Practice as locality </li></ul><ul><li>PART 11: IDENTITY </li></ul><ul><li>Identity in practice </li></ul><ul><li>Identities of participation and non-participation </li></ul><ul><li>Modes of belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Identification and negotiability </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>A theory of learning as a process of social participation </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis centered on the “informal communities of practice that people form as they pursue shared enterprises over time” </li></ul><ul><li>Notion of practice refers to level of social structure that reflects shared learning </li></ul><ul><li>“ The concept of practice connotes doing, but not just doing in and of itself. It is doing in a historical and social context that gives structure and meaning to what we do.” (p.47) </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of practice includes both the explicit and tacit </li></ul>
  4. 4. Practice as meaning Fig.1.0 The duality of participation and reification
  5. 5. Practice as community <ul><li>Mutual engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Joint enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Shared repertoire </li></ul>Fig. 1.1 Dimensions of practice as the property of a community
  6. 6. Practice as learning <ul><li>The development of practice “is a matter of sustaining enough mutual engagement in pursuing an enterprise together to share some significant learning” (p.86) </li></ul><ul><li>Shared histories of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Reification vs. participation </li></ul><ul><li>Learning in practice </li></ul>
  7. 7. Practice as boundary <ul><li>Boundary as discontinuities between those who have been participating in communities of practice and those who have not; lines of distinction between members and non-members </li></ul><ul><li>Duality of boundary relations </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of connections that create bridges across boundaries and link communities of practice with rest of world : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Boundary objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Brokering </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boundary encounters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One-on-one conversation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immersion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delegations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practice as a connection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boundary practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overlaps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peripheries </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Practice as locality <ul><li>Community of practice </li></ul><ul><li>Constellations of communities of practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicators a community of practice has formed </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Identity in practice <ul><li>Wenger’s perspective of identity “does justice to the lived experience of identity while recognizing its social character- it is the social, the cultural, the historical with a human face” (p.145) </li></ul><ul><li>Parallels between practice and identity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identity as negotiated experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identity as community membership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identity as learning trajectory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identity as nexus of multimembership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identity as a relation between the local and global </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Participation and non-participation <ul><li>Not only do we produce our identities through practices we engage in, we also define ourselves through practices we do not engage in </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction of participation and non-participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peripherality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marginality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutional non-participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-participation as compromise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-participation as strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-participation as cover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-participation as practice </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Modes of belonging <ul><li>Notion of belonging extended beyond local communities of practice </li></ul><ul><li>Three modes of belonging: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imagination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alignment </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Identification and negotiability <ul><li>Identity formation as a dual process of identification and negotiability </li></ul><ul><li>Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economies of meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ownership of meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inherent tension between the dual process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal vs. external </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Related Links <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qjw0YoqpEq8 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ewenger.com/theory/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.asaecenter.org/Resources/JALArticleDetail.cfm?ItemNumber=16217 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.timhoogenboom.nl/?p=287 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.infed.org/biblio/communities_of_practice.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1472-6963-10-3.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.co-i-l.com/coil/knowledge-garden/cop/lss.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.learning-theories.com/communities-of-practice-lave-and-wenger.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jstor.org/pss/40248418 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www0.hku.hk/curric/amytsui/bk_reviews/docs/The_complexities_of_identity_formation.pdf </li></ul>

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