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Province

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  • 1. PROVINCIAL AMRICA LIVING AND DYING IN COLONIAL AMERICA
  • 2. POPULATION GROWTH
    • IMMIGRATION AND NATURAL INCREASE
    • WHO CAME TO AMERICA?
    • SOME YOUNGER SONS OF UPPER CLASS
    • MOSTLY ENGLISH LABORERS
  • 3. POPULATION GROWTH
    • INDENTURED SERVANTS
    • 4 TO 7 YEAR TERMS
    • ¾ MEN AND ¼ WOMEN
    • SOMETIMES INVOLUNTARY!
  • 4. POPULATION GROWTH
    • 1670S SEES DECLINE IN SERVITUDE
    • DECLINE OF ENGLISH ECONOMY AND POPULATION
    • CONCERNS OVER POLITICAL AND SOCIAL INSTABILITY
  • 5. BIRTH AND DEATH
    • LONGER LIFE SPANS IN NEW ENGLAND
    • GOOD CLIMATE
    • GOOD WATER
    • NO LARGE POPULATION CENTERS
  • 6. BIRTH AND DEATH
    • MEDICINE – LIMITED MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE
    • RUDIMENTARY MEDICAL PROFESSION
    • MIDWIVES
    • THE FOUR HUMOURS
  • 7. BIRTH AND DEATH
    • THE CHESAPEAKE – WEAK FAMILY STRUCTURE
    • HIGH RATE OF ILLIGITIMATE CHILDREN
    • RELATIVE FREEDOM FOR WOMEN IN THE SOUTH
  • 8. BIRTH AND DEATH
    • NEW ENGLAND – SEX RATIO IS MORE EQUAL
    • STRONG FAMILY STRUCTURE
    • DEFINED BY RELIGION
    • HIGH DEMAND FOR LABOR
  • 9. SLAVERY
    • TOBACCO CULTIVATION
    • ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE
    • HORRORS OF THE MIDDLE PASSAGE
    • 1620 – STATUS OF FIRST BLACKS UNCLEAR
  • 10. SLAVERY
    • ROYAL AFRICAN COMPANY OF ENGLAND
    • 1690S – MONOPOLY IS BROKEN
    • 1760 – 250,000 AFRICANS IN COLONIES
    • THE COMING OF THE SLAVE CODES
  • 11. IMMIGRATION
    • FRENCH HUGUENOTS – LATE 16 TH CENTURY
    • GERMAN PROTESTANTS – THE “PENNSYLVANIA DUTCH”
    • SCOTCH- IRISH
    • RAPID POPULATION GROWTH
  • 12. COLONIAL ECONOMIES
    • THE SOUTH
    • TOBACCO – PRIMARY CROP
    • AN UNSTABLE MARKET
    • RICE – SOUTH CAROLINA AND GEORGIA
    • AFRICAN SLAVES AND RICE CULTIVATION
  • 13. COLONIAL ECONOMIES
    • SOUTH CAROLINA
    • ELIZA LUCAS AND THE INDIGO MARKET
    • SOUTH LACKS COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY
  • 14. COLONIAL ECONOMIES
    • THE NORTH
    • DOMINANCE OF AGRICULTURE
    • NEW ENGLAND – ROCKY SOIL AND UNFAVORABLE CLIMATE
    • SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND AND MIDDLE COLONIES
    • FAVORABLE SITES
  • 15. COLONIAL ECONOMIES
    • WORK AT HOME
    • THE METAL INDUSTRY
    • SAUGUS IRONWORKS
    • NEW EXPORT INDUSTRIES – LUMBER, FISHING, MINING
    • THE MYTH OF SELF SUFFICIENCY
  • 16.  
  • 17. COLONIAL ECONOMIES
    • MONEY
    • A BARTER ECONOMY
    • TRADE WITH THE WEST INDIES
    • THE TRIANGLE TRADE
    • A MERCHANT CLASS AND STABILITY
  • 18. COLONIAL ECONOMIES
    • GROWTH OF CONSUMERISM
    • PLANTATIONS
    • SOUTHERN STRATIFICATION
    • THE SLAVE SOCIETIES
  • 19. COLONIAL ECONOMICS
    • PURITANS
    • FAMILY AS KEY SOCIAL UNIT
    • TOWN MEETINGS
    • FATHERS AND SONS
    • COMMUNITY LIFE
  • 20. WITCH TRIALS
    • WHAT HAPPENED IN SALEM (AND ELSEWHERE)?
    • WHO WERE THE WITCHES?
    • THE CRIME OF NONCONFORMITY
    • NO TOLERANCE FOR INDEPENDENCE
  • 21.  
  • 22. CITIES
    • PHILADELPHIA – 28,000 IN 1770
    • NEW YORK – 25,000
    • BOSTON – 16,000
    • CHARLESTON – 16,000
    • THE ROLE OF CITIES
  • 23. RELIGION
    • RELIGIOUS TOLERATION IN AMERICA
    • BUT NOT FOR CATHOLICS
    • JEWS IN AMERICA
    • EARLY 18 TH CENTURY CONCERNS WITH DECLINE IN PIETY
  • 24. RELIGION
    • ENLIGHTENMENT IDEAS
    • THE GREAT AWAKENING – 1730S THROUGH 1740S
    • APPEAL TO WOMEN
    • TO START ANEW WITH GOD
  • 25. RELIGION
    • JOHN & CHARLES WESLEY
    • GEORGE WHITEFIELD
    • JONATHAN EDWARDS
  • 26. EDUCATION
    • LITERACY FOR MALES
    • LITTLE OPPORTUNITY FOR WOMEN.
    • COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES