A NATION EMERGES INTO THE 19TH CENTURY
WASHINGTON’S DEPARTURE  <ul><li>AN EASY CHOICE FOR FIRST PRESIDENT </li></ul><ul><li>CREATING A NEW GOVERNMENT </li></ul><...
THE FEDERALISTS <ul><li>OUR FIRST POLITICAL PARTY </li></ul><ul><li>THE ONLY POLITICAL PARTY </li></ul><ul><li>NOT MONOLIT...
ALEXANDER HAMILTON <ul><li>FAVORED MANUFACTURING OVER AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>A NATIONAL DEBT </li></ul><ul><li>NEW ...
THOMAS JEFFERSON <ul><li>DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS </li></ul><ul><li>FAVORED AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>A LIMITED FEDERAL ...
NATURALIZATION ACT <ul><li>INCREASED TIME FRAME IT TOOK TO BECOME A CITIZEN FROM 5 TO 14 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>JOHN ADAM...
ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS <ul><li>LIMITS ON SPEECH </li></ul><ul><li>PRISON! </li></ul><ul><li>JEFFERSON & MADISON OPPOSED <...
LOUISIANA PURCHASE <ul><li>1803 </li></ul><ul><li>KEEP THE GULF OPEN AND THE FRENCH OUT </li></ul><ul><li>JAMES MONROE TO ...
THE SUPREME COURT EMERGES <ul><li>JOHN MARSHALL </li></ul><ul><li>MARBURY VS MADISON (1803) - ESTABLISHED JUDICIAL REVIEW ...
WAR OF 1812 <ul><li>PRESIDENT JAMES MADISON </li></ul><ul><li>WAR HAWKS - HENRY CLAY AND JOHN CALHOUN </li></ul><ul><li>IM...
WAR OF 1812- THE OUTCOME <ul><li>CANADA IS NOT PART OF THE UNITED STATES </li></ul><ul><li>AMERICAN NAVY HOLDS ITS OWN </l...
THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE <ul><li>1820 </li></ul><ul><li>MISSOURI - A SLAVE OR FREE STATE? </li></ul><ul><li>TALLMADGE AMEND...
JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY <ul><li>ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS - 1800-1824 </li></ul><ul><li>POLITICAL PARTICIPATION BECOMES MORE INCLU...
AMERICA IN THE 1820’S <ul><li>THE GREAT EXPERIMENT </li></ul><ul><li>MANY NATIONALITIES </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSPORTATION R...
AMERICA IN THE 1820’S <ul><li>UNIVERSAL MALE SUFFRAGE </li></ul><ul><li>INFLUENCE OF THE WEST </li></ul>
ELECTION OF 1824 <ul><li>DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS - THE ONLY NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTY </li></ul><ul><li>FEDERALISTS - ONLY P...
THE CANDIDATES <ul><li>WILLIAM CRAWFORD </li></ul><ul><li>THE FRONT RUNNER </li></ul><ul><li>SUPPORTED BY THE CAUCUS </li>...
THE CANDIDATES <ul><li>JOHN QUINCY ADAMS </li></ul><ul><li>QUALIFIED AND EDUCATED </li></ul><ul><li>SEC. OF STATE </li></u...
HENRY CLAY <ul><li>SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE </li></ul><ul><li>KENTUCKIAN </li></ul><ul><li>GREAT LEGISLATOR </li></ul><ul><li>...
JOHN CALHOUN <ul><li>SOUTH CAROLINA </li></ul><ul><li>MAJOR PROPONENT OF SLAVERY </li></ul><ul><li>SEC OF WAR </li></ul><u...
ANDREW JACKSON <ul><li>NOT AS WELL QUALIFIED OR EDUCATED </li></ul><ul><li>THE HERO! </li></ul><ul><li>A MILITARY BACKGROU...
THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>ALL IN ONE PARTY </li></ul><ul><li>JACKSON APPEALS TO MASSES </li></ul><ul><li>WHISKEY & HARD CIDER <...
THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>MODERN PARTY SYSTEM IS BORN </li></ul><ul><li>NOT JUST A GENTLEMEN’S GAME </li></ul><ul><li>NEW ENGLA...
THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>ELECTORAL VOTES </li></ul><ul><li>JACKSON -99 </li></ul><ul><li>ADAMS - 51 </li></ul><ul><li>CRAWFORD...
THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>POPULAR VOTE </li></ul><ul><li>JACKSON - 150,000 </li></ul><ul><li>ADAMS - 105,000 </li></ul><ul><li>...
...HENRY CLAY!!
THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>24 STATES </li></ul><ul><li>WINNER NEEDS 13 </li></ul><ul><li>ADAMS HAS 8 </li></ul><ul><li>CLAY HAS ...
THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>MARYLAND FOR ADAMS </li></ul><ul><li>DELAWARE FOR CRAWFORD </li></ul><ul><li>NEW YORK TO DECIDE </li>...
CORRUPT BARGAINS <ul><li>CLAY FOR SEC. OF STATE? </li></ul><ul><li>JAMES BUCHANAN VISITS JACKSON </li></ul><ul><li>DELAWAR...
THE OUTCOME <ul><li>ADAMS TRIUMPHANT </li></ul><ul><li>THE CORRUPT BARGAIN REALIZED </li></ul><ul><li>RUNNING FOR 1828 </l...
ELECTION OF 1828 <ul><li>ELECTORAL VOTE </li></ul><ul><li>JACKSON - 178 </li></ul><ul><li>ADAMS - 82 </li></ul><ul><li>POP...
JACKSON TRIUMPHANT <ul><li>THE SPOILS SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES </li></ul><ul><li>THE EATON A...
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Emerge

  1. 1. A NATION EMERGES INTO THE 19TH CENTURY
  2. 2. WASHINGTON’S DEPARTURE <ul><li>AN EASY CHOICE FOR FIRST PRESIDENT </li></ul><ul><li>CREATING A NEW GOVERNMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PHILOSOPHICAL DIFFERENCES UNDER THE SURFACE </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE FEDERALISTS <ul><li>OUR FIRST POLITICAL PARTY </li></ul><ul><li>THE ONLY POLITICAL PARTY </li></ul><ul><li>NOT MONOLITHIC </li></ul>
  4. 4. ALEXANDER HAMILTON <ul><li>FAVORED MANUFACTURING OVER AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>A NATIONAL DEBT </li></ul><ul><li>NEW TAXES </li></ul><ul><li>A PROTECTIVE TARIFF </li></ul><ul><li>BROAD VIEW OF CONSTITUTION </li></ul><ul><li>FOREIGN POLICY - FAVORED ENGLAND </li></ul>
  5. 5. THOMAS JEFFERSON <ul><li>DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS </li></ul><ul><li>FAVORED AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>A LIMITED FEDERAL GOVERNMENT </li></ul><ul><li>STRICT INTERPRETATION OF CONSTITUTION </li></ul><ul><li>FOREIGN AFFAIRS - FAVORED FRANCE </li></ul>
  6. 6. NATURALIZATION ACT <ul><li>INCREASED TIME FRAME IT TOOK TO BECOME A CITIZEN FROM 5 TO 14 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>JOHN ADAMS IN THE WHITE HOUSE </li></ul>
  7. 7. ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS <ul><li>LIMITS ON SPEECH </li></ul><ul><li>PRISON! </li></ul><ul><li>JEFFERSON & MADISON OPPOSED </li></ul><ul><li>THE VIRGINIA AND KENTUCKY RESOLVES </li></ul>
  8. 8. LOUISIANA PURCHASE <ul><li>1803 </li></ul><ul><li>KEEP THE GULF OPEN AND THE FRENCH OUT </li></ul><ul><li>JAMES MONROE TO NEGOTIATE </li></ul><ul><li>NAPOLEON SELLS FOR 15 MILLION </li></ul><ul><li>WAS IT CONSTITUTIONAL? </li></ul><ul><li>LEWIS & CLARK EXPLORE THE NEW TERRITORY </li></ul>
  9. 9. THE SUPREME COURT EMERGES <ul><li>JOHN MARSHALL </li></ul><ul><li>MARBURY VS MADISON (1803) - ESTABLISHED JUDICIAL REVIEW </li></ul><ul><li>McCULLOCH VS MARYLAND - ESTABLISHED FEDERAL OVER STATE LAWS </li></ul>
  10. 10. WAR OF 1812 <ul><li>PRESIDENT JAMES MADISON </li></ul><ul><li>WAR HAWKS - HENRY CLAY AND JOHN CALHOUN </li></ul><ul><li>IMPRESSMENT </li></ul><ul><li>FEDERALIST OPPOSITION </li></ul><ul><li>LACK OF RESPECT FOR AMERICAN RIGHTS BY BRITISH </li></ul>
  11. 11. WAR OF 1812- THE OUTCOME <ul><li>CANADA IS NOT PART OF THE UNITED STATES </li></ul><ul><li>AMERICAN NAVY HOLDS ITS OWN </li></ul><ul><li>BRITAIN LEAVES THE WEST </li></ul><ul><li>IMPRESSMENT - NOT FINALIZED </li></ul><ul><li>GAVE AMERICANS CONFIDENCE </li></ul><ul><li>FEDERALIST DEMISE </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE <ul><li>1820 </li></ul><ul><li>MISSOURI - A SLAVE OR FREE STATE? </li></ul><ul><li>TALLMADGE AMENDMENT </li></ul><ul><li>HENRY CLAY WORKS IT OUT </li></ul><ul><li>MAINE AND THE 36 -30 COMPROMISE </li></ul>
  13. 13. JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY <ul><li>ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS - 1800-1824 </li></ul><ul><li>POLITICAL PARTICIPATION BECOMES MORE INCLUSIVE </li></ul><ul><li>PROPERTY QUALIFICATIONS BEGIN TO FALL AWAY </li></ul>
  14. 14. AMERICA IN THE 1820’S <ul><li>THE GREAT EXPERIMENT </li></ul><ul><li>MANY NATIONALITIES </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSPORTATION REVOLUTION </li></ul><ul><li>THE CANAL CRAZE </li></ul><ul><li>GROWTH OF CITIES </li></ul><ul><li>REFORMS (EDUCATION, TEMPERENCE, ABOLITION) </li></ul>
  15. 15. AMERICA IN THE 1820’S <ul><li>UNIVERSAL MALE SUFFRAGE </li></ul><ul><li>INFLUENCE OF THE WEST </li></ul>
  16. 16. ELECTION OF 1824 <ul><li>DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS - THE ONLY NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTY </li></ul><ul><li>FEDERALISTS - ONLY POPULARITY IS IN NEW ENGLAND </li></ul><ul><li>NO OBVIOUS PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSOR </li></ul><ul><li>THE ISSUES - TARIFF AND NATIONAL BANK </li></ul>
  17. 17. THE CANDIDATES <ul><li>WILLIAM CRAWFORD </li></ul><ul><li>THE FRONT RUNNER </li></ul><ul><li>SUPPORTED BY THE CAUCUS </li></ul><ul><li>SEC. OF TREASURY </li></ul><ul><li>A RADICAL JEFFERSONIAN </li></ul><ul><li>SUFFERS A DEBILITATING STROKE </li></ul>
  18. 18. THE CANDIDATES <ul><li>JOHN QUINCY ADAMS </li></ul><ul><li>QUALIFIED AND EDUCATED </li></ul><ul><li>SEC. OF STATE </li></ul><ul><li>FORMER FEDERALIST </li></ul><ul><li>NATIONALIST AND EXPANSIONIST </li></ul><ul><li>NOT PERSONALLY POPULAR </li></ul>
  19. 19. HENRY CLAY <ul><li>SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE </li></ul><ul><li>KENTUCKIAN </li></ul><ul><li>GREAT LEGISLATOR </li></ul><ul><li>CONFIDENT AND WELL LIKED </li></ul>
  20. 20. JOHN CALHOUN <ul><li>SOUTH CAROLINA </li></ul><ul><li>MAJOR PROPONENT OF SLAVERY </li></ul><ul><li>SEC OF WAR </li></ul><ul><li>VERY LITTLE SUPPORT </li></ul><ul><li>THROWS SUPPORT TO JACKSON </li></ul>
  21. 21. ANDREW JACKSON <ul><li>NOT AS WELL QUALIFIED OR EDUCATED </li></ul><ul><li>THE HERO! </li></ul><ul><li>A MILITARY BACKGROUND </li></ul><ul><li>FUZZY ON THE ISSUES </li></ul>
  22. 22. THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>ALL IN ONE PARTY </li></ul><ul><li>JACKSON APPEALS TO MASSES </li></ul><ul><li>WHISKEY & HARD CIDER </li></ul><ul><li>PARADES </li></ul><ul><li>SPEECHES </li></ul>
  23. 23. THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>MODERN PARTY SYSTEM IS BORN </li></ul><ul><li>NOT JUST A GENTLEMEN’S GAME </li></ul><ul><li>NEW ENGLAND FOR ADAMS </li></ul><ul><li>THE SOUTH FOR CRAWFORD </li></ul><ul><li>JACKSON - THE WEST AND PA. </li></ul><ul><li>261 ELECTORAL VOTES - NEED 131 TO WIN </li></ul>
  24. 24. THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>ELECTORAL VOTES </li></ul><ul><li>JACKSON -99 </li></ul><ul><li>ADAMS - 51 </li></ul><ul><li>CRAWFORD - 41 </li></ul><ul><li>CLAY - 37 </li></ul>
  25. 25. THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>POPULAR VOTE </li></ul><ul><li>JACKSON - 150,000 </li></ul><ul><li>ADAMS - 105,000 </li></ul><ul><li>CRAWFORD - 44,000 </li></ul><ul><li>CLAY - 40,000 </li></ul><ul><li>HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES TO DECIDE AMOUNG TOP THREE </li></ul><ul><li>SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE IS ... </li></ul>
  26. 26. ...HENRY CLAY!!
  27. 27. THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>24 STATES </li></ul><ul><li>WINNER NEEDS 13 </li></ul><ul><li>ADAMS HAS 8 </li></ul><ul><li>CLAY HAS 3 </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT CHOICE DOES CLAY REALLY HAVE? </li></ul><ul><li>ADAMS HAS 11 STATES! </li></ul>
  28. 28. THE CAMPAIGN <ul><li>MARYLAND FOR ADAMS </li></ul><ul><li>DELAWARE FOR CRAWFORD </li></ul><ul><li>NEW YORK TO DECIDE </li></ul><ul><li>NEW YORK HAD 34 CONGRESSMEN </li></ul><ul><li>VOTES ARE EVENLY SPLIT </li></ul><ul><li>ENTER STEPHEM VANRENSALEER </li></ul>
  29. 29. CORRUPT BARGAINS <ul><li>CLAY FOR SEC. OF STATE? </li></ul><ul><li>JAMES BUCHANAN VISITS JACKSON </li></ul><ul><li>DELAWARE SWITCHES TO ADAMS </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT ABOUT NEW YORK? </li></ul>
  30. 30. THE OUTCOME <ul><li>ADAMS TRIUMPHANT </li></ul><ul><li>THE CORRUPT BARGAIN REALIZED </li></ul><ul><li>RUNNING FOR 1828 </li></ul><ul><li>DEMOCRACY IN FULL FORCE </li></ul>
  31. 31. ELECTION OF 1828 <ul><li>ELECTORAL VOTE </li></ul><ul><li>JACKSON - 178 </li></ul><ul><li>ADAMS - 82 </li></ul><ul><li>POPULAR VOTE </li></ul><ul><li>JACKSON - 56% </li></ul><ul><li>ADAMS - 44% </li></ul>
  32. 32. JACKSON TRIUMPHANT <ul><li>THE SPOILS SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES </li></ul><ul><li>THE EATON AFFAIR </li></ul><ul><li>THE INDIANS </li></ul><ul><li>IS JACKSON A CAUSE OR A REFLECTION? </li></ul>

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