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Compromising

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  • 1. SLAVERY, POLITICS, AND WAR COMPROMISING OUR WAY INTO A CRISIS
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4. THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE
    • MISSOURI APPLIES FOR STATEHOOD IN 1819
    • SLAVERY IS ESTABLISHED THERE
    • TALLMADGE AMENDMENT - PROHIBITS FURTHER SLAVERY IN THE TERRITORY AND ALLOWS GRADUAL EMANCIPATION
  • 5. THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE
    • UPSETTING THE BALANCE
    • WHAT ABOUT MAINE?
    • HENRY CLAY - THE GREAT COMPROMISER
  • 6. THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE
    • MAINE - A FREE STATE IN 1819
    • MISSOURI - A SLAVE STATE IN 1820
    • NO SLAVERY NORTH OF 36/30 PARRELLELL
    • A CRISIS AVERTED
  • 7.  
  • 8. THE QUESTION OF TEXAS
    • MEXICO WINS INDEPENDENCE FROM SPAIN
    • 1820S - MEXICO INVITES AMERICAN SETTLERS INTO TEXAS.
    • TOO MANY CULTURAL AND POLITICAL DIFFERENCES
    • SLAVERY IS ONE OF THEM
  • 9. THE QUESTION OF TEXAS
    • TEXAN LAND CLAIMS
    • 1836 - AN INDEPENDENT TEXAS
  • 10. THE QUESTION OF TEXAS
    • SEEKING ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES
    • A POLITICAL HOT POTATO
    • THE ISSUE SUBSIDED UNTIL 1841
  • 11. THE QUESTION OF TEXAS
    • JOHN TYLER - A PRESIDENT WITHOUT A PARTY
    • TYLER IGNITES THE “TEXAS ISSUE”
    • TOO MUCH OPPOSITION
  • 12. THE QUESTION OF TEXAS
    • ELECTION OF 1844
    • HENRY CLAY - WHIG CANDIDATE
    • MARTIN VAN BUREN - LEADING DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE
    • THE SOUTH SOURS ON VAN BUREN
  • 13. JAMES POLK
    • DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE IN 1844
    • NATIONALIST AND EXPANSIONIST
    • A SLAVEHOLDER
    • JOHN TYLER IS SWEPT OFF THE STAGE
    • POLK’S VICTORY AND THE RISE OF THE LIBERTY PARTY
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. JAMES POLK
    • POLK AND MANIFEST DESTINY
    • TYLER’S FINAL ACT
    • TEXAS IS A STATE - 1845
    • FIFTY-FOUR-FORTY OR FIGHT - THE OREGON TERRITORY
  • 17.  
  • 18. ISSUES WITH MEXICO
    • ANNEXATION OF TEXAS
    • THE TEXAS BORDER - THE NUEVES VERSUS THE RIO GRANDE
    • CALIFORNIA AND NEW MEXICO
  • 19.  
  • 20. THE MEXICAN WAR
    • POLK’S TWO PRONGED APPROACH
    • GENERAL ZACHARY TAYLOR AND THE “INCIDENT”
    • WHAT ABOUT THE OREGON TERRITORY?
  • 21. THE MEXICAN WAR
    • WHIG AND NORTHERN RESPONSE
    • MILITARY SUCCESS
    • THE DEAL WITH MEXICO
    • 15 MILLION DOLLARS FOR MEXICO
    • UNITED STATES ASSUMES MEXICAN DEBTS
  • 22. THE MEXICAN WAR
    • UNITED STATES OBTAINS NEW MEXICO AND CALIFORNIA
    • THE WILMOT PROVISO
    • SLAVERY IN THE NEWLY ACQUIRED TERRITORIES?
  • 23. POPULAR SOVERIGNTY
    • THE PEOPLE OF A TERRITORY WILL DECIDE ON WHETHER IT WILL BE A FREE OR A SLAVE STATE
  • 24. THE ELECTION OF 1848
    • POLITICAL REPURCUSSIONS
    • POLK IS NOT A CANDIDATE
    • LEWIS CASS - DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE WITH VAGUE POSITIONS
    • WHIG CANDIDATE - ZACHARY TAYLOR, HERO OF THE MEXICAN WAR
  • 25.  
  • 26. ELECTION OF 1848
    • WHIGS HAVE NO PLATFORM
    • DO THEY HAVE A QUALIFIED CANDIDATE?
    • WHAT DO THEY HAVE?
    • A HERO!
    • SOME THIRD PARTY EFFORTS
  • 27. THE COMPROMISE OF 1850
    • CALIFORNIA AND THE GOLD RUSH
    • NEW MEXICO
    • UTAH AND THE MORMON SUCCESS
    • GOLD FORCES THE ISSUE
  • 28. COMPROMISE OF 1850
    • TAYLOR’S APPROACH
    • OTHER ISSUES..
    • RUNAWAY SLAVES - A STRONG FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW IS NEEDED?
    • SLAVERY IN WASHINGTON D.C.
    • WHO CAN SAVE THE REPUBLIC?
  • 29. COMPROMISE OF 1850
    • HENRY CLAY TO THE RESCUE
    • A SERIES OF COMPROMISES
    • CALIFORNIA - A FREE STATE
    • UTAH AND NEW MEXICO - POPULAR SOVERIGNTY WILL DETERMINE IT
    • NO SLAVE TRADE IN WASHINGTON D.C. BUT SLAVERY IS ALLOWED
  • 30. COMPROMISE OF 1850
    • TEXAS DEBT ASSUMED
    • A STRONGER FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW
    • CLAY’S EFFORTS DENIED
    • SENATOR STEPHEN DOUGLAS
    • TAYLOR’S RESPONSE - “I WILL VETO”
  • 31. STEPHEN DOUGLAS
  • 32. COMPROMISE OF 1850
    • TAYLOR’S DEMISE
    • PRESIDENT MILLARD FILLMORE
    • SOUTHERN AND NORTHERN RESPONSE
  • 33. THE CHANGING VIEW OF SLAVERY
    • RADICAL PROTESTANT DENOMINATIONS (QUAKERS)
    • THE ENLIGHTENMENT
    • LAISSEZ FAIRE ECONOMICS
    • SLAVERY DIES OFF IN THE REST OF THE WORLD
  • 34. HOW TO END IT?
    • COLONIZATION?
    • AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY
    • LIBERIA
  • 35. ABOLITIONISM
    • CHARLES GRANDISON FINNEY - PREACHER OF SECOND GREAT AWAKENING
    • NO COMPROMISE
    • WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON - “THE LIBERATOR”
    • AMERICAN ANTI SLAVERY SOCIETY
  • 36.  
  • 37. ABOLITIONISM
    • SOUTHERN AND NORTHERN OPPOSITION
    • LIBERTY PARTY AND JAMES BIRNEY
    • AMISTAD
    • FOCUS IS IN NEW ENGLAND
    • THE VIRTUE OF HONOR
  • 38. ELECTION OF 1852
    • STEPHEN DOUGLAS - DEMOCRATIC FRONT RUNNER
    • 30 BALLOTS TO A DARK HORSE
    • ENTER FRANKLIN PIERCE
  • 39. ELECTION OF 1852
    • WHIG PARTY IS DIVIDED
    • SOUTHERN WHIGS HOLD THE PARTY HOSTAGE
    • MILLARD FILLMORE- FRONT RUNNER
    • AFTER 52 BALLOTS, IT’S WINFIELD SCOTT
  • 40. ELECTION OF 1852
    • THE FREE SOIL PARTY - NOMINEE JOHN HALE
    • THE WHIGS FRACTURE
  • 41.  
  • 42. SLAVERY IN THE TERRITORIES
    • WHAT ABOUT FUTURE TERRITORIES?
    • FOCUS ON CUBA, CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA
  • 43. UNCLE TOM’S CABIN
    • HARRIET BEECHER STOWE
    • AIMED AT FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW
  • 44. NATIVISM AND KNOW NOTHINGS
    • INCREASED IMMIGRATION IN 1840S
    • 1846 TO 1855 - 3 MILLION IMMIGRANTS
    • 87% WENT TO FREE STATES
    • HALF ARE CATHOLICS TO THE NORTHEAST
    • IRISH CATHOLICS IN URBAN AREAS
  • 45. NATIVISM AND KNOW KNOTHINGS
    • OPPOSITION GROWS
    • “I KNOW NOTHING”
    • THE KNOW-NOTHING AGENDA
    • 20 YEAR WAIT FOR CITIZENSHIP
    • TEMPERENCE AND EDUCATION
    • POLITICAL VICTORIES IN 1850S AT EXPENSE OF THE WHIGS
  • 46. KANSAS-NEBRASKA
    • STEPHEN DOUGLAS
    • THE NEBRASKA TERRITORY
    • GOAL WAS A RAILROAD FROM MIDWEST TO CALIFORNIA
    • 1853- AREA CREATED NORTH OF MISSOURI COMPROMISE LINE
  • 47.  
  • 48. KANSAS-NEBRASKA
    • SOUTHERN OPPOSITION
    • DOUGLAS WEIGHS HIS OPTIONS
    • POPULAR SOVERIGNTY
    • “A HELL OF A STORM”
  • 49. KANSAS- NEBRASKA
    • THE KANSAS AND NEBRASKA SPLIT
    • WHAT ABOUT THE LOGISTICS?
    • THE POLITICAL FALLOUT
  • 50. WINNERS AND LOSERS
    • WHIG PARTY - A BIG LOSER
    • NORTHERN DEMOCRATS - LOSERS
    • NORTHERN OPPOSITION PARTIES (REPUBLICAN) - WINNERS
    • SOUTHERN DEMOCRATS - WINNERS
    • WHERE DO THE KNOW-NOTHINGS GO?

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