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Writing Terminology

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Writing Terminology Writing Terminology Presentation Transcript

  • Writing Terminology
  • ESSAY A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject.
  • An essay consists of 4 parts: 2. Introduction 3. Two body paragraphs 4. Concluding paragraph
  • INTRODUCTION (INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH) 2. The first paragraph in an essay 3. Includes the thesis 4. Thesis is most often at the end.
  • BODY PARAGRAPH A middle paragraph in an essay Develops a point that supports thesis
  • CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH Last paragraph in essay Sums up, reflects on previous comments, gives more commentary or personal statement regarding subject
  • CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH DOES NOT: Include concrete detail Repeat key words from paper (especially from thesis or introduction) However… It provides a finished feeling to essay
  • THESIS Sentence with subject & opinion (commentary) Located at the end of introductory paragraph
  • PRE-WRITING The process of getting your concrete details on paper before you organize the essay into paragraphs
  • PRE-WRITING INCLUDES: Bubble Clusters Spider Diagrams Outlines Line Clustering Columns
  • CONCRETE DETAILS (CD) Specific details that form the backbone or core of your body paragraphs
  • SYNONYMS FOR CONCRETE DETAILS (CD) 1. Facts 2. Specifics 3. Examples 4. Ilustrations 5. Support 6. Evidence
  • 1. Quotations 2. Paraphrasing
  • COMMENTARY (CM) Your opinion or comment about something: not concrete detail.
  • SYNONYMS FOR COMMENTARY (CM) 1. Opinion 2. Insight 3. Analysis 4. Interpretation 5. Personal Response 6. Feelings
  • 1. Evaluation 2. Explication 3. Reflection
  • TOPIC SENTENCE First sentence in a body paragraph Must have a subject & opinion (cm) for the paragraph It does the same thing for a body paragraph that the thesis does for the whole essay
  • CONCLUDING SENTENCE Last sentence in a body paragraph It is all commentary (cm) Does not repeat key words Gives finished feeling to paragraph
  • SHAPING THE ESSAY Step completed after pre-writing & before the first draft Functions as an outline for thesis, topic sentences, concrete details, & commentary
  • FIRST DRAFT The first version of your essay (rough draft)
  • FINAL DRAFT The final version of your essay
  • PEER RESPONSE Written responses & reactions to a partner’s paper
  • CHUNK The smallest unified group of thoughts that you can write & contains: 3. One sentence of CD 4. Two sentences of CM
  • WEAVING Blending concrete details & commentary in a body paragraph (comes after format mastery)
  • RATIO The ratio of 1 part concrete detail (CD) to 2+ parts commentary (CM) 1 CD : 2+ CM
  • WORD COUNTS The minimum length per paragraph to earn a “C.”
  • CONFUSED? Never fear Mrs. Laurence is here! (rhyming couplet)