The contrast between what is expected
and what happens.
Verbal Irony – Saying the opposite of
what is really meant.
Situational Irony – What happens is the
opposite of what is expected.
Dramatic Irony – The reader knows
something that the characters (or only
one character) do not know.
A story handed down for generations
and popularly believed to have some
Poetry that focuses on expressing
emotions or thoughts rather than
telling a story.
A figure of speech comparing two
seemingly unlike things without a
connecting word such as like or as.
He is a pig.
Tells a story…
The use of a word whose sound imitates
or suggests its meaning.
The duck went
The bottle went fizz, pop
A figure of speech that combines
apparently contradictory ideas.
A short, allegorical story that teaches a
moral or religious lesson about life.
Giving human characteristics to a
nonhuman thing or quality.
“The stars winked at me last night.”