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Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
Integrating Quotations Revised
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Integrating Quotations Revised

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  • 1. Integrating Quotations
  • 2. Concrete Details In Literary Analysis <ul><li>Paraphrase – say something from the story in your own words. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, Huck’s desire to escape the cruelty of his father is evident when he plans his own murder. </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Quotations – Use words, phrases, or entire sentences directly from the author. </li></ul>
  • 4. Why Use Quotation Marks? <ul><li>To indicate that what you are writing is not your original idea </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>Quoting </li></ul><ul><li>Material </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Integrate (blend) the </li></ul><ul><li>quote into your own writing. </li></ul>
  • 7. Ineffective <ul><li>For example, “The next minute Curley was flopping like a fish on a line, and his closed fist was lost in Lennie’s big hand.” </li></ul>
  • 8. Effective <ul><li>For example, Lennie’s strength so overpowered Curley that Curley looked “like a fish on a line” with his “fist lost in Lennie’s paw.” </li></ul>
  • 9. The MLA Handbook is your friend! <ul><li>Get in the habit of </li></ul><ul><li>consulting your handbook. </li></ul><ul><li>2. For more information regarding quoted material, see page 109. </li></ul>
  • 10. Brackets [ ] <ul><li>You may alter a quote for clarity by placing the change in brackets. </li></ul>
  • 11. <ul><li>Original: George said, “That mouse ain’t fresh, Lennie; and besides, you’ve broken it pettin’ it.” </li></ul><ul><li>Modified: Steinbeck foreshadows Lennie’s troubles early in the novel when Lennie has “broken [the mouse] pettin’ it.” </li></ul>
  • 12. Ellipsis <ul><li>If you omit material in order to be concise, mark the omission with three periods (ellipsis) with a space between each </li></ul><ul><li>(. . .) You do not need to use these at the beginning and end of your quotation. It is understood that you are quoting from a longer passage. </li></ul>
  • 13. <ul><li>Original: “Curley was white and shrunken now, and his struggling had become weak. He stood crying, his fist lost in Lennie’s paw.” </li></ul><ul><li>With ellipsis: As Lennie continued to crush Curley’s fist, he turned “white and shrunken. . . his fist lost in Lennie’s paw.” </li></ul>
  • 14. Referencing the Author Parenthetical Citation <ul><li>When quoting from one source only, identify the author’s last name and the page number from which the quote is taken (Twain 23). </li></ul><ul><li>After the next quote from the same source, you may omit the author and indicate only the page number (25). </li></ul><ul><li>Notice: The end punctuation appears after the parenthesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Rules change when you incorporate more than one work. </li></ul>
  • 15. Works Cited <ul><li>Works Cited is the final page of your paper and it gives the reader the information needed to locate and read any source(s) that you use in your paper. </li></ul><ul><li>The first line of an entry and any subsequent entry is flush with the left margin. Any subsequent lines are indented. </li></ul>
  • 16. <ul><li>Double space all entries. </li></ul><ul><li>Alphabetize the entries by the first word (usually the author’s last name). </li></ul><ul><li>Again, refer to The MLA Handbook . </li></ul>
  • 17. Example <ul><li>Laurence 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>Author last name, first name. The title </li></ul><ul><li>of the book underlined or italicized. </li></ul><ul><li>Place of publication: Publisher, Year of </li></ul><ul><li>publication. </li></ul>

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