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Story Structure
 

Story Structure

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    Story Structure Story Structure Presentation Transcript

    • STORY STRUCTURE
      • KEY AREAS TO THINK ABOUT:
      • CHARACTER and CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT
      • RESOLUTION
      • LOGICAL CAUSALITY – a story contains a series of interconnected events which lead to a resolution
      • THEME
      • http://thinkingwriter.com
      • (Read ‘The Lion and the slave’ story)
    •  
    •  
    • THEORISTS TO MENTION
      • Mckee – controlling idea
      • Parker – Inner and outer presence
      • Field – Action moves story
      • Levy – build a character profile
      • Todorov – 3 act structure
    • Alternative versions
      • The slave escapes, finds the cave, meets the Lion, removes the thorn and lives happily ever after in the cave with him
      • The slave escapes and meets the lion but upon returning to town his master tells him how much he’s missed him and promises to be much kinder in the future.
      • Everything happens exactly as in the original except the lion kills the slave in the arena.
    • Alternative versions
      • The slave escapes, finds the cave, meets the Lion, removes the thorn and lives happily ever after in the cave with him.
      • The slave escapes and meets the lion but upon returning to town his master tells him how much he’s missed him and promises to be much kinder in the future.
      • Everything happens exactly as in the original except the lion kills the slave in the arena.
      • TAKE 1
      • The slave escapes, finds the cave, meets the Lion, removes the thorn and lives happily ever after in the cave with him –
      • SO WHAT??? LACK OF NARRATIVE DEVPT :
      • TAKE 2
      • The slave escapes and meets the lion but upon returning to town his master tells him how much he’s missed him and promises to be much kinder in the future.
      • MORE INFO AND MORE EVENTS THAN THE FIRST ALTERNATIVE BUT THERE IS NO CAUSAL CONNECTION BETWEEN THE SLAVE’S GOOD DEED FOR THE LION AND THE CONSEQUENT BETTER TREATMENT BY THE MASTER. SO, WHAT’S THE POINT?
    • TAKE 3
      • Everything happens exactly as in the original except the lion kills the slave in the arena.
      • A BIT OF A JOKE. COMIC REVERSAL OF EXPECTATIONS BUT THE LION IS ACTING OUT OF CHARACTER. THIS ACTION IS UNMOTIVATED .
    • TRY YOUR HARDEST TO AVOID……………..
      • LACK OF CHARACTER MOTIVATION
      • RANDOMNESS OF EVENTS
      • LACK OF NARRATIVE DEVELOPMENT
    • THREE ACT STRUCTURE
      • Screenplay , Syd Field 1979,
      • Set up / Equilibrium : the relationships between the main character and the other people who inhabit the landscape of his or her world are all established.
      • Confrontation/Disruption : in which the main character encounters an obstacle that keeps him from achieving his or her dramatic end
      • Resolution/ New equilibrium : Resolves the story.
    • WRITER’S JOB
      • Create PLOT POINTS - which is any incident, episode or event that ‘hooks’ the action and spins it around into another direction. Each plot point moves the story along to its resolution.
      • Plot points in Red Riding Hood:
      • Meets the wolf
      • Trusts the wolf
      • Wolf finds Grandma
      • Wolf eats Grandma
      • Wolf eats RR Hood
      • Woodcutter kills wolf and saves RR Hood and Grandma.
    • CREATE PLOT POINTS
      • TO ESCAPE THE MASTER
      • TO SURVIVE THE ENCOUNTER WITH THE LION
      • TO HELP THE LION
      • TO RETURN TO HUMAN COMPANY
      • TO SURVIVE THE ORDEAL IN THE ARENA
      • THE MOMENTS AT WHICH A GOAL CHANGES OR IS REACHED ARE TURNING POINTS. THESE ARE CALLED PLOT POINTS
      • HOW DO WE KNOW THE SLAVE IS THE MAIN CHARACTER?
    • THE SLAVE IS THE MAIN CHARACTER BECAUSE………………………………………………
      • We see things from his point of view and therefore identify most with him
      • He is ‘on screen’ most of the time
      • He initiates the action and drives the plot
      • The story describes his journey
      PROTAGONIST
    • THEMATIC UNITY
      • HUMANITY VS BEASTLINESS – how is this theme shown throughout the story?
      • The action is held together with a high degree of ‘thematic unity’
      • Theme is used to bring the idifferent strands together and lead to a resolution which now ‘makes sense,.’
      • THEME IS THE CONTROLLING IDEA.
      • HOW IS THIS SHOWN IN YOUR STORY?
    • YOUR TASK …..
      • In your group ANALYSE your story structure so far in view of what you have learnt today:
      • THEMATIC UNITY
      • LOGICAL CAUSALITY & NARRATIVE DEVELOPMENT
      • CHARACTER MOTIVATION & DEVELOPMENT
      • KEY PLOT POINTS AROUND WHICH THE ACTION MOVES AHEAD
      • (Use Activity 2 questions from ‘Lion and slave’ to help you)
      • AND REMEMBER TO MAKE A CLEAR NOTE OF ANY CHANGES YOU MAKE AS ARESULT OF YOUR ANALYSIS !