AustraliaIs a country in the Southern Hemispherecomprising the mainland of the Australiancontinent, the island of Tasmania andnumerous smaller islands in the Indian andPacific Oceans
History andCultureAustralia wasinhabited byindigenousAustralians.
After discovery by Dutch explorers in1606
1770 captain James Cook
Australiaseastern halfclaimed by Britain in1770 and initiallysettled throughpenal transportationto the colony of NewSouth Wales
Formally founded on 7 February 1788
First Flag National Colonial Flag for Australia 1823/1824 to 1831 featured the Southern Cross and Union Flag Designed by Captain John Bingle and Captain John Nicholson
Australian Federation Flag 1830 to 1920 also known as the New South Wales Ensign The flag was proposed in 1831 by Captain Jacob Gronow, Sydneys Harbour Master
AntiTransportation League Flag 1849 – 1853 British Blue Ensign, with yellow Southern Cross and white border to which branch names were added designed in 1849 by Reverend John West of Launceston, Tasmaniaused by the Australian Anti-Transportation League in theAustralian colonies and inNew Zealand
Eureka Flag was originally a war flag used by the Eureka Rebellion of 1854 The battle flag of the Eureka Stockade featured the five stars of the constellation Crux Australis in white on a white cross and blue field.
The Commonwealth of AustraliaJanuary 1st,1901, the six colonies became afederation and the Commonwealth of Australiawas formed
Etymologythe name Australia is derived from the Latinaustralis, meaning "southern"The name Australia waspopularised by theexplorer MatthewFlinders, who pushed forit to be formally adoptedas early as 1804.
EtymologyWhen preparing hismanuscript and charts forhis 1814 A Voyage to TerraAustralis
European landfallon the Australiancontinent wereattributed to theDutch navigatorWillem Janszoon.
AUSTRALIADESERT TROPICAL FOREST
DESERT Australian Deserts make up a big part of what is known as "the Australian Outback" Australia is the driest inhabited continent on Earth. Only Antarctica is drier.
Only 3% of the Australian population live inthose dry 70% of the continent, the rest of ourpeople is concentrated on the coasts.
TROPICAL AREAAustralia’s Tropical Rainforests coverapproximately 85% square hectares andare internationally recognized as beingone of the most ecologically fascinatingnatural areas in the world
CORAL REEFThe Great Barrier Reef isblessed with the breathtakingbeauty of the worlds largestcoral reef. The Great Barrier Reef can be seen from outer space and is the worlds biggest single structure made by living organisms
NATIONAL PARKS BOODEREE KAKADUATHE PINNACLES ULURU
ECONOMYAustralia is the thirteenth largesteconomy in the world Being a land with enough variation in topography and sand, huge deposits of gold, iron, manganese, opals and sapphires have been identified. Natural gas deposits are evenly spread throughout the continent.