Greetings• Men shake hands when greeting one another, while maintaining steady eye contact.• If a woman wishes to shake hands with a man, she should extend her hand first.• A standard greeting for women in Brazil is the two/three peck on the cheek, starting from their right. These are generally no more than air kisses. A left-handed pat on the back accompanied with a firm right handshake is the standard among men.
Travel• You must obtain a Brazilian travel visa from the Brazilian Embassy prior to arriving in Brazil• The U.S. government cannot assist you if you arrive in Brazil without proper documentation• Dual nationals cannot get a Brazilian Visa, they are required to have a Brazilian passport
Appearance • Brazilians pride themselves on dressing well.• Men should wear conservative, dark colored business suits. Three- piece suits typically indicate that someone is an executive. • Women should wear suits or dresses that are elegant and feminine with good quality accessories. Manicures are expected.
• In the urban areas of Brazil, most people prefer modern clothing.• Young men wear jeans and T-shirts. Short skirts and dresses are very popular among women.• Jeans are the most common staple in the Brazilian wardrobes. Jeans made for women are tight-fitting and loosely tapering near the feet. Brazilian jeans come in a wide variety of designs, styles and textures.• Due to abundance of beautiful beaches, beachwear is a very popular clothing in Brazil.
Traditional Foods• Brazilian cuisine was developed from indigenous, European, and African influences• The Jaca fruit, also known as the Jack fruit, is larger than the average watermelon and could cause severe head trauma if it fell on someones head. This fruit grows off the trunks of trees in Brazil, falling off the tree when ripe. The edible portion of the fruit features a fleshy, off-white pulp.• A traditional stew, Moqueca includes a variety of Brazilian flavors. Fish, garlic, cilantro, boiled eggs and a melting pot of other ingredients mingle together in this Brazilian classic, creating a filling and delicious one-pot meal.• The national beverage is coffee and cachaça is Brazils native liquor. Cachaça is distilled from sugar cane and is the main ingredient in the national cocktail, Caipirinha.
Attitudes & Values To the extent possible, direct personal confrontation is avoided. Though they are cordial and magnanimous at the interpersonal level, Brazilians as a whole are exploitative with regard to the environment. Brazilians are known for their informality, good nature, and charm (simpatia ), as well as their desire not to be thought unpleasant orboorish (chato ). They place high value on warmth, spontaneity, and lack of pomp and ceremony.Another significant character of Brazilians is that they are outwardly expressive people.
Religion• Roman Catholic is the main religion in Brazil• Brazil has the largest number of Catholics in the world.• Brazil religion and practices are extremely diverse and span several different belief systems and religious traditions. Brazilians enjoy complete freedom to practice their personally held religious beliefs
Population• As of July 2012, Brazil’s population is 199,321,413
Religious Holidays• The Brazilian Carnival is an annual festival held for 4 days before Easter• Carnival is the most famous holiday in Brazil• The country stops completely for almost a week and festivities are intense, day and night, mostly in coastal cities
Political HolidaysThe three main Brazilian civic holidays are :• Tiradentes Day (April 21): Tiradentes Day celebrates national hero Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, a lieutenant known as Tiradentes because he also worked as a tooth-extractor. He was martyred together with other conspirators that tried to overthrow the Portuguese colonizers, in 1792.• Independence Day (September 7)• Republic Declaration Day (November 15).• The two latter are self-explainable – they refer to the day of the rupture with the Portuguese colonizers, in 1822, and to the day the country substituted the Monarchy by the Republican system, in 1889.
Language• Nearly all Brazilians speak Portuguese, a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European language family. The Portuguese language was introduced to Brazil by the Portuguese in the early sixteenth century.• The way that they speak the Portuguese language can be so sensually rhythmic and tonal, thus leaving you with the desire to speak some of it yourself, so that you can better appreciate these fun and outgoing Brazilian folks.• Brazil is the one of a few countries in Latin America that does not speak the Spanish language.
Family• Families tend to be large and extended family is quite close.• Women play an equal role in Brazilian family and society.• Brazilians are very dependent on family and friends. Children in Brazil will almost always live with their parents up until the day they marry. And if that said marriage doesn’t make out good, then the kids move back in with the parents until who knows when, usually with the grandchildren in tow.• Brazilian parents are very physically affectionate with their children. It stands to reason that these children will continue to have this need for affection to be filled from their future mates as well.
• Many of the jobs in Brazil are within the oil and gas industry such as piping, engineering, and Work transportation. There are also many tourism jobs available such as working in hotels or restaurants.• Unemployment in Brazil is at historic lows, hovering around 6%, and qualified labor is often hard to come by.• Prospects for graduates without experience are more limited though and it is advisable to seek an employment posting in Brazil by joining an international company with offices there.
Marriage• Groomsmen carry or are pinned with small Brazilian flags instead of flowers. Matching tuxedos may be hard to come by in Brides tend not to purchase a wedding dress for the ceremony. Instead, they go to bridal shops and rent a dress for one-time use.• Bridesmaids and groomsmen are chosen at the time of the wedding. Those selected consist of couples paired off at the altar, usually three men and three women.• Brazilian wedding ceremonies follow Christian traditions closely. A traditional Brazilian song or the Brazilian national anthem is sung. During the ceremony, the wedding ring should not be dropped. If it is, superstition states the marriage will be short-lived. Once the marriage is confirmed, the bride and groom sign their wedding license. Similar to the Western superstition, grooms carry brides over the threshold of their home or hotel room. The first step across the threshold must be taken with his right foot for luck.
• The most popular sport in Brazil is football. The Brazilian national football team is ranked among the best in the world according to the FIFA World Rankings, and has won the World Cup tournament a record five times. • Rio de Janeiro was selected to host the 2016 Olympic Games and 2016 Paralympic Games, the first to be held in South America and second in Latin America after Mexico City. • People in Brazil often spend time at the beach, as Brazil often has pleasant weather and is in a coastal region. Because of the interesting sea life and clarity of the water, tourists often go snorkeling or diving. Brazilians are in love with American soccer, and spend a lot of time playing the sport and watching matches on television.Recreation and Sports
• Brazil has a large transport network, though not diverse due to the lack of railroads and canals. Roads are the primary carriers of freight and passenger traffic.• There are about 2,500 airports in Brazil, including landing fields: the second largest number in the world, after the United States.• The São Paulo Metro was the first underground transit system in Brazil.
Social & Economic Levels• Poverty in Brazil is most visually represented by the various slums in the countrys metropolitan areas and remote upcountry regions that suffer with economic underdevelopment and below-par standards of living.• While racial divisions in Brazil are not clearly defined, class lines are.• There are the very wealthy, the middle class, and the very poor. And in Brazil the very poor make up a large percentage of the population.• You see them on the streets trying to sell food and trinkets when you stop at a traffic light; they descend on you when you park your car, offering protection for a price (and, if you dont pay, your car will not be protected); and, you see them along the highways in miserable shacks trying to sell all sorts of things to drivers speeding by.
Brazilian Architecture• Brazil is a center of world festivals, music and bright life. Brazilian architecture is as wild and extravagant as its festivals.• Brazilian architecture of colonial period was formed under the influence of Portuguese culture but was adopted for hot, tropical climate. It can be seen in churches and cathedrals of ancient cities such as Ouro- Preto, the first capital of Minas Gerais.• The architecture of the city is so amazing that the government decided to make it a national asset, and recently it have been added to the World Heritage UNESCO.
Government• The President of Brazil is Dilma Rousseff.• She was elected democratically for the period of 1/01/2011 to 12/31/2014• The Federal Constitution is the supreme law of Brazil. It is the foundation and source of the legal authority underlying the existence of Brazil and the federal government.• It provides the framework for the organization of the Brazilian government and for the relationship of the federal government to the states, to citizens, and to all people within Brazil.• Brazil’s official name is Federative Republic of Brazil
Educational System• Education in Brazil is regulated by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Education which defines the guiding principles for the organization of education programs. Local governments are responsible for establishing state and education programs following the guidelines and using the funding supplied by the federal government.• (Educação Infantil)Pre-school education is entirely optional, and exists to aid in the development of children under 6• (Ensino Médio)Secondary Education takes 3 years. The minimum is 2,200 hours of teaching over 3 years. Students must have finished their Fundamental education before they are allowed to enroll in Ensino Médio.• Higher Education (Ensino Superior)As is the case in many nations, higher education in Brazil can be divided into undergraduate and graduate work. In addition to providing education, Universities promote research and provide separate classes to the community.• Secondary education is mandatory for those wishing to pursue higher education. In addition, students must pass a competitive entrance examination (known as vestibular) for their specific course of study.
San-Paulo University• The most famous university in Brazil is located in a fine city San-Paulo. San- Paulo University is considered to be the best one in the country. It consists of 9 campuses 4 of which are situated in San-Paulo.• The main campus is called Armando do san Oliveira. University takes part in all spheres of scientific programs and was named the best academic institution in Latin America.• It has enormous territory which includes numerous libraries, cafes and party centers. It also has one of the top Brazil museums like museum of Modern Art, Historical museum and historical museum of san-Paulo.
Culture Some aspects of Brazilian culture were influenced by the contributionsof Italian, German and other European as well Japanese and Arab immigrants who arrived in large numbers in the South and Southeast of BrazilThe core culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture, because of itsstrong colonial ties with the Portuguese empire. Among other influences, the Portuguese introduced the Portuguese language, RomanCatholicism and colonial architectural styles. The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by African, indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions.
Health• Brazil has long had a public health system, but like other social programs that primarily serve the poor, it is vastly underfunded.• Many of the poor either self-medicate or get whatever remedies they can from local pharmacists who are the only health care providers in some rural areas.• For those who can afford it at the other end of the social spectrum, Brazil has world class health care in modern medical centers, particularly in the prosperous Southeast and South.• The Brazilian public health system, the National Health System is managed and provided by all levels of government. The public health services are universal and available to all citizens of the country for free. However, 45.5 million Brazilians have contracted a private health plan.
Land & Climate• The climate ranges from tropical to temperate in southern Regions• It rains on average 43” every year• Home to the Amazon Jungle
• Amazonia or Amazon rainforest covers more than half of Brazil and its the worlds largest tropical rainforest.• The Amazon River is the second longest river (Only to the Nile), in the world and the longest and largest river of South America.• More than 20 % of the Amazon rain forest is disappearing because of people cutting down trees for ; furniture and paper.• 20% of the oxygen that we breathe comes from this rainforest.• 50% of the 9 feet of rain it receives each year is released to the atmosphere by the foliage of the trees. Deforestation is severely affecting this statistic.
Animals of the Amazon• Anaconda• Toucan• Jaguar• Poison Arrow Frog• Spider Monkey• Scarlet Macaw
Economy• It is a major producer of such agricultural products as sugarcane, soybeans, oranges, coffee, cocoa, rice, wheat, and cotton. It is also a major supplier of beef with vast cattle ranches primarily in the southern and western regions of the country.• Because of the tremendous growth of industry, agriculture accounts for only 13 percent of the nation gross domestic product.• Brazil’s economy is the largest in South America and the country boasts well developed agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and service sectors. in recent years, Brazil has improved its macroeconomic stability, built foreign reserves, reduced debt, kept inflation rates under control and committed to fiscal responsibilities.
Music Brazilian music is full of excitement, joy, passion and energy.Something like you’ve never seen before, a really particular type of music. Brazilian music is the result of a long simmering mix ofheritage from Portuguese, African and Amerindian influence. If you are going to Brazil, you’ll be surrounded by magical and mystical music, everywhere you go in Brazil there is music.