The Island of Haiti More than two-thirds of the labor force do not have formal jobs Haiti is slightly smaller than Maryland The Haiti telecommunications infrastructure is among the least developed in Latin America and the Caribbean Haiti has 14 airports; 4 have paved runways.• Haiti’s capital is Porte-au-Prince, a coastal city with about 2 million inhabitants
The Island of Haiti Discovered by Columbus in 1492 Haiti won its independence from France on January 1, 1804 Population of nearly 10 million people Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere 80% of the population in Haiti is living under the poverty line Most Haitians live on less than $2 a day It shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. Haiti is one of poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere
Background Information Capital: Port-au-Prince Land: 27,560 sq km Population: 9,035,536 (U.S. 307,212,123) Population Growth rate: 1.84% (U.S. 0.98%) Population below poverty line: 80% Haiti is one of the most densely populated and least developed countries in the Western Hemisphere
Background Information Language: French (official) Ethnic groups: 95 percent black Gross domestic product: $11.53 billion (2008 estimate)
Facts About the Earthquake Magnitude- 7.0 Tuesday, January 12, 2010 at 4:53 PM Depth- 13km 15 miles South West of PORT- AU- PRINCE, Haiti 700 miles South East of Miami Florida Caribbean Plate and North American Plate Dominated by left- lateral strike slip motion and compression
More Facts… Triggered 2 quick aftershocks, each with a magnitude of at least 5.5 The major earthquake triggered 33 aftershocks all together ranging in magnitude of 4.2 to 5.9 Strongest earthquake since 1770 Also felt by other countries such as Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Venezuela.
Damage from Earthquake 3 million people in need of emergency aid after major earthquake The Red Cross dispatched a relief team from Geneva and the UN's World Food Program is flying in two planes with emergency food aid. The Inter-American Development Bank said it was immediately approving a $200,000 grant for emergency aid.
Why Haiti was so Vulnerable Haiti has no real construction standards. A large number of buildings collapsed including the President’s palace, and National Assembly building.
Previous Quakes in Haiti 1751 Port-au-Prince earthquake (18 October): According to French historian Moreau de Saint-Mery, “only one masonry building had not collapsed” in Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital (3 June): The city was leveled in this magnitude 7.5 quake, which killed over 200 people May 7th 1842: An earthquake destroyed the city of Cap-Haitien and other towns in the north of Haiti and the Dominican Republic; this earthquake also destroyed the Sans-Souci Palace. 10,000 people were killed.
Previous Quakes 1946 on August 4th, Dominican Republic Earthquake: This 8.0-magnitude earthquake also shook Haiti, producing a tsunami that killed 1,790 people tsunami
Haiti- Red Cross
The global Red Cross network has helped nearly 1.9 million Haitians since the country’s last earthquake.
It has so far spent or allocated $82 million to meet the most urgent needs of the earthquakes survivors and will continue to support hundreds of thousands of additional survivors in the years ahead until the last donated dollar is spent.
It is also providing support to Haitian families in the US, shipping blood products to the region and restoring family links for separated loved ones.
Red Cross Health and Relief Nearly 33,600 people have been treated by Red Cross health care facilities More than 60,000 people have been vaccinated for multiple diseases More than 31,500 families received items like hygiene kits and other basic relief supplies. More than 1 million people have received food items.
Red Cross Water and Sanitation 30 million liters of drinking water have been distributed. An estimated 290,000 people are benefiting from this regular service. More than 580 latrines have been built near settlements
Red Cross Shelter More than 350,000 people received shelter supplies including tents, tarps and tools.
World Wide Donations The American Red Cross is one of the widely know organizations working in Haiti. There are many ways to donate Haiti. Some are online donations, Red Cross accepts $10 donations, charged to your cell phone bill, by texting HAITI to 90999
Celebrity Donations Many celebrities donated money, went to Haiti to volunteer, and created charity groups for Haiti. Here are some of the donations celebrities have made: Alyssa Milano- $50,000 Madonna- $250,000 Lance Armstrong- $250,000 Nicole Kidman- $250,000 Jennifer Aniston- $500,000 Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie- $1 million Gisele Bundchen - $1.5 million Sandra Bullock $1 million
Sources U.S. Geological Survey CNN News Fox News Google Images