1.4 Tsunami Brendan and Andrew

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1.4 Tsunami Brendan and Andrew

  1. 1. Tsunami of 2004<br />By: Brendan Daly and Andrew Benedict<br />Tsunami of Indonesia<br /> By: Brendan Daly and Andrew Benedict <br />
  2. 2. Earthquake <br />Was a 9.0 magnitude earthquake under the Indian ocean <br />Near the west coast of Indonesia <br />The tectonic plates let out an enormous amount of water <br />This sent a powerful shock waves in every direction <br />The earthquake was the result of the siding of the India plate under the section called Burma plate<br />
  3. 3. Earthquake <br />The earthquake’s energy was equal to 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs.<br />The earthquake has been building for hundreds of years, but for some reason it suddenly unleashed on December 26, 2004.<br />The earthquake effected areas within more than 600 miles. <br />Largest magnitude in 40 years.<br />
  4. 4. How a Tsunami Occurs<br />An earthquake occurs under the ocean, which displaces massive amounts of water<br />Can occur in both shallow and deep water<br />Most destruction occurs in shallow water<br />Causes large destructive waves<br />Total energy of tsunami equals five megatons of TNT (twice the amount of explosive used in World War II) <br />
  5. 5. How a Tsunami Occurs (cont.) <br />Takes up to seven hours to reach land from the earthquake<br />Victims were taken by surprise<br />First warning of is when the earthquake happens<br />Ocean recedes making very shallow water<br />People thought that they could go in the shallow water, but the huge wave came and destroyed them <br />
  6. 6. How Tsunami Arrivies<br />Can arrive at coastline in one-two days<br />Can arrive rapidly or slowly<br />A warning sign is when the water goes out to sea and concedes, followed by a sudden enormous body of water (huge wave) <br />Another warning sign is when the sea rises very quickly, instead of receding<br />This means that the warnings are hard to notice <br />
  7. 7. Tsunami <br />More than 150,000 people died or went missing<br />1,000,000 people became homeless<br />Most destructive tsunami in history<br />Tsunami was 1.24 miles high<br />Caused destruction in 11 countries<br />Killed people 2,000km away from the shoreline<br />
  8. 8.  MAGNITUDE   DATE  UTC-TIME  LATITUDE  LONGITUDE  DEPTH  REGION <br />              <br /> 8.9  2004/12/26  00:58:51  3.298  95.779  10.0 West Coast of Northern Sumatra <br /> 5.9  2004/12/26  01:48:47  5.393  94.423  10.0 West Coast of Northern Sumatra <br /> 5.8  2004/12/26  02:15:58  12.375  92.509  10.0 Andaman Islands <br /> 6.0  2004/12/26  02:22:02  8.83  92.532  10.0  Nicobar Islands <br /> 5.8  2004/12/26  02:34:50  4.104  94.184  10.0 West Coast of Northern Sumatra <br /> 5.8  2004/12/26  02:36:06  12.139  93.011  10.0 Andaman Islands <br /> 6.0  2004/12/26  02:51:59  12.511  92.592  10.0 Andaman Islands <br /> 5.9  2004/12/26  02:59:12  3.177  94.259  10.0 West Coast of Northern Sumatra <br /> 6.1  2004/12/26  03:08:42  13.808  92.974  10.0 Andaman Islands <br /> 7.3  2004/12/26  04:21:26  6.901  92.952  10.0  Nicobar Islands <br /> 5.7  2004/12/26  06:21:58  10.623  92.323  10.0 Andaman Islands <br /> 5.7  2004/12/26  07:07:10  10.336  93.756  10.0 Andaman Islands <br /> 5.8  2004/12/26  07:38:25  13.119  93.051  10.0 Andaman Islands <br /> 6.5  2004/12/26  09:20:01  8.867  92.382  10.0  Nicobar Islands <br /> 6.2  2004/12/26  10:19:30  13.455  92.791  10.0 Andaman Islands <br /> 6.3  2004/12/26  11:05:01  13.542  92.877  10.0 Andaman Islands <br />
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  12. 12. Sources<br />http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1227_041226_tsunami.html<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004_Indian_Ocean_earthquake<br />http://www.drgeorgepc.com/Tsunami2004Indonesia.html<br />Google Images<br />

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