1.4 Chile Jack, Anthony, & Connor

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1.4 Chile Jack, Anthony, & Connor

  1. 1. By: Connor, Anthony, and Jack
  2. 2. What is Chile? <ul><li>Chile is a country on the west coast of South America. </li></ul><ul><li>It is stretches over 2,700 miles long and is 130 miles wide. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a little larger in area than Texas. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a mountain range in Chile called the Andes. </li></ul><ul><li>The Andes reach 22,000 feet above sea level. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Chile? <ul><li>The capital is Santiago, and it is also the largest city in Chile. </li></ul><ul><li>Santiago is located in the central part of Chile. </li></ul><ul><li>This is were the majority of the people are. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three major geographic regions that run through Chile. </li></ul><ul><li>The three regions are: the Andes, the Central Valley, and a costal escarpment. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Chile? <ul><li>The most popular mountain ranges are in the central part of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>There are also some volcanoes there. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate in Chile has an annual rainfall of 14-15 inches. </li></ul><ul><li>Chile is below the equator so the seasons are the opposite of ours. </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish is the official language, and the population is more than 16,000,000 (as of 2006). </li></ul>
  5. 6. What is an earthquake? <ul><li>An earthquake is a natural event that can cause damage. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquakes can cause disasters or not even be felt. </li></ul><ul><li>The damage depends on the intensity and magnitude. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquakes are caused by the build up of the Earth’s forces. </li></ul>
  6. 7. What is an earthquake? <ul><li>An earthquake often starts near a fault. </li></ul><ul><li>Rocks slide passed each other and cause friction. </li></ul><ul><li>There are different types of seismic waves. </li></ul><ul><li>There are surface waves and body waves that travel through the earth. </li></ul><ul><li>P-waves and S-waves are two types of body waves. </li></ul>
  7. 8. What is an earthquake? <ul><li>Earthquakes usually occur near tectonic plate boundaries. </li></ul><ul><li>The intensity of an earthquake is measured by the modified Mercalli Intensity Scale. </li></ul><ul><li>This scale uses Roman numerals. </li></ul><ul><li>An earthquakes magnitude is measured by the Richter scale. </li></ul><ul><li>This scale measures on a scale of 1 to 10. </li></ul>
  8. 9. The Chile Earthquake of 1960 <ul><li>The earthquake was measured at 9.5 on the Richter scale. (highest ever) </li></ul><ul><li>It killed about 1,665 people and injured 3,000. </li></ul><ul><li>The earthquake cost 550 million dollars of damage in southern Chile. </li></ul><ul><li>It caused 2,000,000 people to lose their homes. </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Chile Earthquake of 2010 <ul><li>It was a magnitude of 8.8, and left hundreds of people dead. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1.5 million people have been displaced. </li></ul><ul><li>There were three major aftershocks the earthquake. </li></ul><ul><li>The magnitude for the aftershocks were 7.2, 6.9, 6. </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Chile Earthquake of 2010 <ul><li>The earthquake caused a tsunami warning in Chile, Peru, and Hawaii. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a tsunami alert in Columbia, Panama, Ecuador, Costa Rica. </li></ul><ul><li>It caused up to 8 billion </li></ul><ul><li>dollars in damage. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Sources <ul><li>Pearson, Neale J. &quot;Chile.&quot; Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. 2010. Grolier Online. 11 Mar. 2010 <http://gme.grolier.com/article?assetid=0060850-0>. </li></ul><ul><li>Richards, Paul G., and Won-Young Kim. &quot;Earthquakes.&quot; The New Book of Knowledge®. 2010. Grolier Online. 11 Mar. 2010 <http://nbk.grolier.com/cgi-bin/article?assetid=a2008600-h>. </li></ul><ul><li>http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1960_05_22.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://cnmnewsnetwork.com/12530/chile-earthquake-2010-and-3-aftershocks-or-quakes-shaking-latin-america-on-march-11-2010-update/ </li></ul>

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