Human Rights & Technology


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  • Mine by Amarand Agasi cc by nc sa
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  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <> Anything that is in the world when you're born is normal... Anything that's invented between when you're fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary… Anything invented after you're thirty-five is against the natural order of things.
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  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <> Forgetting by bartvandamme cc by nc sa The result of this disruption of social behavioural norms leads people to adapt their lives and behaviour to create new social interactional codes of behaviour in keeping with the new technology in their lives (Cowan Schwartz 1983, White 1962, 1972). At the same time (or more often later) the disruption caused by the new technology causes the regulator to react. The latter is not necessarily the state legislator but can also be any entity with the power to act (there may also be several such entities acting concurrently).
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  • Bismarck on his deathbed: Maybe this is the first example of the works of Paperazzi: Max Priester & Willy Wilcke took this picture secretly without consent; the even managed to shift the body so that the face would be more visible and turned the clock back. They sold the pictures until the Bismarck family confiscated the plates. The pictures later appeared in a.o. the Frankfurter Illustrierte Etik, en kort introduktion 30 November 2009 Mathias Klang <>
  • A reporter for the New York Daily News, Thomas Howard, sat in the front row as a woman named Ruth Snyder sat in the electric chair, in Sing Sing, in 1928; he had a concealed camera on his ankle, and he took a picture of Snyder as the electricity surged through her body. The picture sold an incredible amount of newspapers Etik, en kort introduktion 30 November 2009 Mathias Klang <>
  • Informationspolitik 30 november 2005 Mathias Klang <>
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  • Human Rights & Technology

    1. HUMAN RIGHTS & TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>Mathias Klang </li></ul>
    2. TECHNOLOGY & RIGHTS? <ul><li>Why & What </li></ul>
    3. TECHNOLOGY IS NOT ABOUT DEMOCRACY <ul><li>Technology = Communication = Society = Democracy </li></ul>
    4. Communication Organization Protest Access Religion Privacy Culture Education Press
    6. LIFE IS ORGANIZED AROUND TECHNOLOGY… <ul><li>… and it always has been…. </li></ul>
    7. BY CONTROLLING TECHNOLOGY WE CONTROL SOCIETY <ul><li>Regulation of technology is the regulation of democracy </li></ul>
    10. SO WHAT?
    12. SO WHAT?
    13. DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>The disruption occurs when the technology, which is introduced effects the social arrangements around which we build our lives </li></ul>
    16. ANTIDOTE? <ul><li>Free Software </li></ul>
    17. REGULATION <ul><li>From Command and Control to Fuller & Lessig </li></ul>
    18. WHAT’S WRONG WITH COMMAND AND CONTROL? <ul><li>It relies to heavily upon coercion and cooperation. </li></ul>
    19. ONLINE OFFLINE <ul><li>“ We are forming our own Social Contract. This governance will arise according to the conditions of our world, not yours. Our world is different.” (Barlow 1996) </li></ul>
    20. Regulatory Metaphor Law Social Rules Contextual & programed Architecture
    21. Lessig (1999)
    22. CASES
    23. SPEECH & CENSORSHIP <ul><li>Case 1: </li></ul>Censorship
    24. Information Control <ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Client based (software4parents, matewatcher) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organizational </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Server based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Backbone/gateway based </li></ul></ul>Censorship
    25. Filtering methods <ul><li>Inclusion - whitelist </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion - blacklist </li></ul><ul><li>Content analysis </li></ul>Censorship
    26. Privatizing Censorship <ul><li>Non-technical/self censorship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Public Pledge of Self-Regulation & Professional Ethics for China Internet Industry” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Responsibility on the signatories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspect & monitor foreign & domestic sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Block harmful information </li></ul></ul>Censorship
    27. SURVEILLANCE <ul><li>Case 2: </li></ul>Surveillance
    28. Integrity <ul><li>That the individual shall have full protection in person and in property is a principle as old as the common law; but it has been necessary from time to time to define anew the exact nature and extent of such protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Brandeis & Warren 1890 </li></ul>Surveillance
    29. <ul><li>Louis Brandeis & Samuel Warren &quot;The Right to Privacy,&quot; 4 Harvard Law Review 193-220 (1890-91) </li></ul>Surveillance
    30. Technology 1888 <ul><li>1888 - Kodak nr 1 </li></ul><ul><li>First mass produced box </li></ul><ul><li>Simple and portable </li></ul><ul><li>Shot exposure </li></ul>Surveillance
    31. Paparazzi (1898) Surveillance
    32. Reklam (1902) <ul><li>Robertson v. Rochester Folding Box Co (1902) </li></ul><ul><li>The court did not accept Brandeis & Warrens argument of a “common law” right </li></ul>Surveillance
    33. Hidden camera 1928 <ul><li>Execution of Ruth Snyder 1928 </li></ul>Surveillance
    34. Surveillance Surveillance
    35. Little brothers A must for anyone who needs to protect their loved ones, home or business! Surveillance
    36. TARGETING TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>Case 3: The Lufthansa Case </li></ul>DoS
    37. Denial of Service - examples <ul><li>1998 DoS attack against the Mexican president’s website. </li></ul><ul><li>8,000 hacktivists participated to show their support for the Zapatistas. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003 the electrohippies antiwar protest disrupted the PM’s webpage ( causing it to be unavailable on several occasions. </li></ul>DoS
    38. <ul><li>Three way handshake (Gibson: </li></ul>Denial of Service - technology DoS
    39. Denial of Service - the players <ul><li>The Electrohippies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practitioners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now on walkabout </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Cult of the Dead Cow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Claim the name Hacktivism </li></ul></ul>DoS
    40. <ul><li>Accountability: “…we do not try bury our identities from law enforcement authorities any authority could, if it chose to, track us down in a few hours.” </li></ul><ul><li>Popular participation: If people don't vote with their modems (rather than voting with their feet) the action would be an abject failure” </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolism rather than damage </li></ul>The Arguments: Electohippies DoS
    41. The Arguments 2: Dead Cow <ul><li>“ No rationale, even in the service of the highest ideals, makes them anything other than what they are -- illegal, unethical, and uncivil” (Ruffin 2000). </li></ul>DoS
    42. SOLIDARITY <ul><li>Case 4: Green Twitter, Location Tehran, Facebook for Monks </li></ul>
    43. <ul><li>Arik Fraimovich (@arikfr)set up & seeks support for the protesters in Iran. Support by “greening” the Twitter avatar </li></ul>
    44. ORGANISATION <ul><li>HSBC </li></ul><ul><li>FRA & the Bloggquake (bloggbävning) </li></ul>
    46. COMMUNICATION <ul><li>Case 6 </li></ul>
    51. Thank you!