Fildelning Och Informationspolitik
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Fildelning Och Informationspolitik

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  • Früg & Meight by Don Solo cc by nc sa
  • PS3 Remote Control by Brajeshwar cc by nc sa
  • the same horizon by Norma Desmond cc by nc sa
  • Protesters by mezzoblue (CC by-nc-nd)
  • Habermas om Informationssystem 24 november 2004 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • 12-06 by Daniel*1977 cc by nc sa
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> Anything that is in the world when you're born is normal... Anything that's invented between when you're fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary… Anything invented after you're thirty-five is against the natural order of things.
  • Fin, the giant salmon (again) by mamamusings cc by sa cropped Anything that is in the world when you’re born is normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of the way the world works. Anything that’s invented between when you’re fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary and you can probably get a career in it. Anything invented after you’re thirty-five is against the natural order of things. Douglas Adams – The Salmon of Doubt (2002)
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> Forgetting by bartvandamme cc by nc sa The result of this disruption of social behavioural norms leads people to adapt their lives and behaviour to create new social interactional codes of behaviour in keeping with the new technology in their lives (Cowan Schwartz 1983, White 1962, 1972). At the same time (or more often later) the disruption caused by the new technology causes the regulator to react. The latter is not necessarily the state legislator but can also be any entity with the power to act (there may also be several such entities acting concurrently).
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • Thinking Stallman by nauj27 cc by nc sa
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> Nice work if you can get it….
  • Habermas om Informationssystem 24 november 2004 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> Inprogrammerade regler – uppfostran Systembegränsningar – tid & rum begränsningar
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • To be or not to be a clone by Stéfan cc by nc sa
  • Bismarck on his deathbed: Maybe this is the first example of the works of Paperazzi: Max Priester & Willy Wilcke took this picture secretly without consent; the even managed to shift the body so that the face would be more visible and turned the clock back. They sold the pictures until the Bismarck family confiscated the plates. The pictures later appeared in a.o. the Frankfurter Illustrierte Etik, en kort introduktion 8 December 2009 Mathias Klang <klang@ituniv.se>
  • A reporter for the New York Daily News, Thomas Howard, sat in the front row as a woman named Ruth Snyder sat in the electric chair, in Sing Sing, in 1928; he had a concealed camera on his ankle, and he took a picture of Snyder as the electricity surged through her body. The picture sold an incredible amount of newspapers Etik, en kort introduktion 8 December 2009 Mathias Klang <klang@ituniv.se>
  • Informationspolitik 30 november 2005 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • Spoof Flood
  • NO WAR by threecee cc by nc sa
  • Knights of the Round Table by BeckyKP cc by nc sa
  • A student campaign using the social networking website Facebook has forced a multinational bank into a U-turn over charges. HSBC is to abandon plans to scrap interest-free overdrafts for students leaving university this summer.
  • Sound of silence by Daniel Gasienica cc by nc nd
  • Oxfam v Starbucks 2006
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> Himmelska Fridens Torg, juni 1989
  • design cctv by wrote cc by nc
  • Image “111.365, serious conversation” by stetted found on Flickr using search term “Conversation”. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike ” Social Media” is a tautology because media have always been social. The same goes for ”Social Networking”: networking is by definition a social activity.
  • Image “Deep conversation” by eytonz found on Flickr using search term “Conversation”. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike The media and networking have always been social, but the Internet hasn't – or at least not as much as it is today. Hence, what we really are talking about is the Internet catching up with reality, through new capabilities which we have come to call Web 2.0
  • Image “L1014687 quiet conversation with Alice B” by Susan NYC found on Flickr using search term “Conversation”. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Otrolig techno-optimism! Democracy, sociology & technology, empowerment, popular…
  • Image “conversation” by otkuda found on Flickr using search term “Conversation”. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Andrew Keen, The Cult of the Amateur: How Today's Internet is Killing Our Culture (2007)
  • Habermas om Informationssystem 24 november 2004 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> blue wall by Kevin Steele cc by nc
  • starling flock by pastaboy sleeps cc by Langford Winner Autonomous Technology
  • Habermas om Informationssystem 24 november 2004 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> Douglas Adams
  • easily ignored (explored!) by laurenmarek cc by nc
  • Habermas om Informationssystem 24 november 2004 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> don't drop your teaspoon in the kitchen aid by .j.e.n.n.y. cc by
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> The result of this disruption of social behavioural norms leads people to adapt their lives and behaviour to create new social interactional codes of behaviour in keeping with the new technology in their lives (Cowan Schwartz 1983, White 1962, 1972). At the same time (or more often later) the disruption caused by the new technology causes the regulator to react. The latter is not necessarily the state legislator but can also be any entity with the power to act (there may also be several such entities acting concurrently).
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • the same horizon by Norma Desmond cc by nc sa
  • Just hanging around by Immagina cc by nc sa
  • The Great Wall by GoGap cc by nc sa
  • ctrl frk 2 by kreep cc by nc sa
  • 49 pigeonholes by Eva the Weaver cc by nc sa
  • What big eyes you have, Mr... by !borghetti cc by nc sa
  • information by untitledprojects cc by nc sa
  • Road to nowhere by kugel cc by nc sa
  • Mona Lisa by See Wah (CROPPED) cc by nc sa
  • Art Museum Confidential by EJP Photo cc by nc sa
  • Forgetting by bartvandamme cc by nc sa
  • Statue Park by Bill McIntyre cc by nc sa
  • Notre-Dame de Paris (Exhibitions UEVF 24/01/09, UNESCO 31/01/09) by hien_it cc by nc sa
  • Lilly Allen
  • Upphovrätten bygger på idén att det alster som någon, vem som helst, du eller jag, eller någon annan, skapat , också skall ha rätt att bestämma över detta verk på samma sätt som om det vore en ägodel . Om man ser upphovsrättens verk som en sak , är det lättare att förstå hur principerna och regelkomplexet runt detta. Ingen av oss skulle väl kunna tänka sig att utan lov , gå in till grannen och ta med sig de saker som finns där efter tycke och smak. Dessutom är det brottsligt och kallas för stöld . När det gäller upphovsrätten gäller samma regler, fast vi använder andra ord, upphovsrättsintrång t ex. Att skydda upphovsrätten har ansetts vara viktigt över hela världen. Det finns världsomspännande regler på området. Bernkonventionen från 1898 är den äldsta. Sverige har skrivit under, dvs ratificerat den. Upphovsrätten omfattar många skilda typer av verk. Det gemensamma och typiska för sådana verk som upphovsrätten skyddar är att de lätt kan kopieras och användas utan lov, om inte ägaren/upphovsmannen hade makt att förbjuda det. Allrahelst i vår värld där i stort allt kan med lätthet kopieras till lika fina kopior som originalet.
  • Holl-ow Museum by by K_Gradinger cc by nc sa Olsson (2006) ger två exempel på fotografiska bilder, nämligen nyhetsbilder från Hindenburgkatastrofen och mordet på president Kennedy. Nordell (1997) räknar upp amatörfotografier och bilder som tagits i stor hast och som återger en aktuell händelse.
  • A Quizzical Look by Stuck in Customs cc by nc sa "Nullum Beneficium Est Impunitum” no good deed goes unpunished
  • Habermas om Informationssystem 24 november 2004 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • Eyes ! (Youth from Antikythera!) by agelakis cc by nc sa
  • Silenus and Dionysus #2 by just.Luc (just.Censored) cc by nc sa
  • Thinking Stallman by nauj27 cc by nc sa
  • white hall by wgdavis cc by nc sa
  • 800px-JimmyWalesJI5 by joi ito cc by (Cropped)
  • Pentecost by WadeB cc by nc sa
  • Mathias Klang <klang@ituniv.se> www.digital-rights.net
  • Mathias Klang <klang@ituniv.se> www.digital-rights.net
  • Glass clouds by esti- cc by nc sa
  • Mathias Klang <klang@ituniv.se> www.digital-rights.net autobahn by Livia Patta (la couleur de mes reves) cc by nc sa
  • The hat. by betsyjean79 cc by nc sa
  • Open your mind by Vincent Montibus cc by nc sa
  • Lara Croft by Dunechaser cc by nc sa
  • uneasy chairs by Bright Tal cc by nc sa
  • Originality of an Old Love by Yahya Natanzi cc by nc sa Trafigura
  • Day 667-Death to...Spike by Mikey aka DaSkinnyBlackMan cc by nc sa
  • and in last place by ...tim cc by nc nd

Transcript

  • 1. FILDELNING OCH INFORMATIONSPOLITIK
    • Mathias Klang
  • 2. Teknik & Rättigheter
    • Varför?
  • 3. Teknik handlar inte om demokrati?
    • Technology = Communication = Society = Democracy
  • 4. Communication Organization Protest Access Religion Privacy Culture Education Press
  • 5. Finns trottoarer online?
  • 6. LIVET ORGANISERAS KRING TEKNIK…
    • … alltid….
  • 7. Kontrol av teknik är kontrol av samhället…
    • Kontrol av teknik är kontrol av demokrati
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10. Och?
  • 11.  
  • 12. Anything that is in the world when you’re born is normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of the way the world works. Anything that’s invented between fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary and you can probably get a career in it. Anything invented after you’re thirty-five is against the natural order when you’re of things.
  • 13. Än sen da?
  • 14. DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY
    • The disruption occurs when the technology, which is introduced effects the social arrangements around which we build our lives
  • 15.  
  • 16. IMPULS: KONTROL
  • 17. Motgift?
    • Free Software
  • 18. REGULATION
    • From Command and Control to Fuller & Lessig
  • 19. WHAT’S WRONG WITH COMMAND AND CONTROL?
    • It relies to heavily upon coercion and cooperation.
  • 20. ONLINE OFFLINE
    • “ We are forming our own Social Contract. This governance will arise according to the conditions of our world, not yours. Our world is different.” (Barlow 1996)
  • 21. Regulatory Metaphor Law Social Rules Contextual & programed Architecture
  • 22. LESSIG (1999)
    • Code is law
  • 23. Fall
  • 24. SPEECH & CENSORSHIP
    • Case 1:
    Censorship
  • 25. Information Kontrol
    • Local
      • Client based (software4parents, matewatcher)
    • Organizational
      • Server based
    • National
      • Backbone/gateway based
    Censorship
  • 26. Filtering methods
    • Inclusion - whitelist
    • Exclusion - blacklist
    • Content analysis
    Censorship
  • 27. Privatizing Censorship
    • Non-technical/self censorship
      • “ Public Pledge of Self-Regulation & Professional Ethics for China Internet Industry”
    • Responsibility on the signatories:
      • Inspect & monitor foreign & domestic sites
      • Block harmful information
    Censorship
  • 28. SURVEILLANCE
    • Case 2:
    Surveillance
  • 29. Integrity
    • That the individual shall have full protection in person and in property is a principle as old as the common law; but it has been necessary from time to time to define anew the exact nature and extent of such protection.
    • Brandeis & Warren 1890
    Surveillance
  • 30.
    • Louis Brandeis & Samuel Warren "The Right to Privacy," 4 Harvard Law Review 193-220 (1890-91)
    Surveillance
  • 31. Technology 1888
    • 1888 - Kodak nr 1
    • First mass produced box
    • Simple and portable
    • Shot exposure
    Surveillance
  • 32. Paparazzi (1898) Surveillance
  • 33. Reklam (1902)
    • Robertson v. Rochester Folding Box Co (1902)
    • The court did not accept Brandeis & Warrens argument of a “common law” right
    Surveillance
  • 34. Hidden camera 1928
    • Execution of Ruth Snyder 1928
    Surveillance
  • 35. Surveillance Surveillance
  • 36. Little brothers A must for anyone who needs to protect their loved ones, home or business! Surveillance
  • 37. TARGETING TECHNOLOGY
    • Case 3: The Lufthansa Case
    DoS
  • 38. Denial of Service - examples
    • 1998 DoS attack against the Mexican president’s website.
    • 8,000 hacktivists participated to show their support for the Zapatistas.
    • In 2003 the electrohippies antiwar protest disrupted the PM’s webpage (www.number-10.gov.uk/) causing it to be unavailable on several occasions.
    DoS
  • 39.
    • Three way handshake (Gibson: www.grc.com)
    Denial of Service - technology DoS
  • 40. SOLIDARITY
    • Case 4: Green Twitter, Location Tehran, Facebook for Monks
  • 41.
    • Arik Fraimovich (@arikfr)set up helpiranelection.com & seeks support for the protesters in Iran. Support by “greening” the Twitter avatar
  • 42. ORGANISATION
    • HSBC
    • FRA & the Bloggquake (bloggbävning)
  • 43.  
  • 44. COMMUNICATION
    • Case 6
  • 45.  
  • 46.  
  • 47.  
  • 48.  
  • 49. INNEHÅLL INFORMATION KONTROL TEKNIK
  • 50. … sociala medier… Finns asociala medier?
  • 51. Media & nätverk har alltid varit sociala… men nätet har inte varit det. Vad vi egentligen menar är övergången till Web2.0
  • 52. Social media is content created by people using highly accessible and scalable publishing technologies. At its most basic sense, social media is a shift in how people discover, read and share news, information and content. It's a fusion of sociology and technology, transforming monologues (one to many) into dialogues (many to many) and is the democratization of information, transforming people from content readers into publishers. Social media has become extremely popular because it allows people to connect in the online world to form relationships for personal and business. Wikipedia
  • 53. ” (...) Content isn't king. If I sent you to a desert island and gave you the choice of taking your friends or your movies, you'd choose your friends -- if you chose the movies, we'd call you a sociopath. Conversation is king. Content is just something to talk about. (...)” Cory Doctorow on BoingBoing: http://www.boingboing.net/2006/10/10/disney-exec-piracy-i.html
  • 54.
  • 55. Det var bättre förr!
  • 56. ATT BLOTTA SIG OCH ANDRA (1880)
  • 57. THE MEDIUM... SHAPES AND CONTROLS THE SCALE AND FORM OF HUMAN ASSOCIATION AND ACTION
    • McLuhan, M. (1962) The Gutenberg Galaxy
  • 58. LANGFORD WINNER
  • 59.  
  • 60. KAN FRAMTIDEN UNDVIKAS?
  • 61. Trying to legislate to control technological development or the ways people use technology is not perhaps ordering the tide to not come in, but it is certainly like trying to empty a bathtub with a teaspoon. John Faulkner (Australian Senator)
  • 62. Disruptive Technology
  • 63. The disruption occurs when the technology, which is introduced effects the social arrangements around which we build our lives
  • 64.  
  • 65. IMPULSEN ÄR REGLERING/KONTROLL MEN HJÄLPER REGLERING
  • 66. INTEGRITETSLAGSTIFTNING
    • FN Deklaration för mänskliga rättigheter
    • Europakonventionen för mänskliga rättigheter
    • EU:s dataskyddsdirektiv
    • Svenska Datalagen
    • Svenska Personuppgiftslagen
  • 67. Mänskliga Rättigheter
    • Stora
    • Ohanterliga
    • Inte mycket reellt skydd
    • … men de ser riktigt imponerande ut!
  • 68.  
  • 69. YES, PRIME MINISTER, 1986, EPISODE 1: THE GRAND DESIGN
  • 70. VARFÖR INFORMATIONSSTRATEGIER MISSLYCKAS IDAG?
  • 71.  
  • 72. UNDERSÖKNINGEN
    • 8 grupper
    • 2 offer
    • Inom lagens gränsar
    • Fokus på nätet
  • 73. OFFICIELL INFORMATION EGET INFORMATION AGGREGERING ANDRAS INFORMATION
  • 74. FRAMTIDEN?
  • 75. Upphovsrätt & Licenser
  • 76. ATT BEVARA OCH SPRIDA KULTUR
  • 77. VAR ALLT BÖRJADE
    • … goda intentioner…
  • 78. WHEREAS PRINTERS, BOOKSELLERS, AND OTHER PERSONS, HAVE OF LATE FREQUENTLY TAKEN THE LIBERTY OF PRINTING, REPRINTING, AND PUBLISHING, OR CAUSING TO BE PRINTED, REPRINTED, AND PUBLISHED BOOKS, AND OTHER WRITINGS, WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE AUTHORS OR PROPRIETORS OF SUCH BOOKS AND WRITINGS, TO THEIR VERY GREAT DETRIMENT, AND TOO OFTEN TO THE RUIN OF THEM AND THEIR FAMILIES: FOR PREVENTING THEREFORE SUCH PRACTICES FOR THE FUTURE, AND FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF LEARNED MEN TO COMPOSE AND WRITE USEFUL BOOKS;
    • Statute of Anne 1710… Kulturens skapelsemyt…
  • 79. LAG OM ÄGANDERÄTT TILL SKRIFT (1877)
    • äganderätt till skrift: litterär äganderätt. Därmed menas rätt för en skrifts författare eller dennes rättsinnehafvare att, med andras uteslutande, låta genom tryck (äfven fotokemiskt) mångfaldiga sin skrift, ehvad den förut blifvit offentliggjord eller förefinnes endast i handskrift.
  • 80.  
  • 81.  
  • 82. THE ARCHDEACON GAZED AT THE GIGANTIC EDIFICE FOR SOME TIME IN SILENCE, THEN EXTENDING HIS RIGHT HAND, WITH A SIGH, TOWARDS THE PRINTED BOOK WHICH LAY OPEN ON THE TABLE, AND HIS LEFT TOWARDS NOTRE-DAME, AND TURNING A SAD GLANCE FROM THE BOOK TO THE CHURCH,--"ALAS," HE SAID, "THIS WILL KILL THAT."
    • The Hunchback of Notre Dame
  • 83.  
  • 84.
    • I havent written on here for a while but I've taken the time to write this as I think music piracy is having a dangerous effect on British music…
    •  
    • You don't start out in music with the Ferraris. Instead you get a huge debt from your record company, which you spend years working your arse off to repay…
    •  
    • I don't think what's out there is perfect. It's stupid that kids can't buy anything on the internet without credit, forcing them to steal Mum's credit card or download illegally. It's this kind of thing that the record company bosses, artists, broadband providers and government should be sitting down and discussing.
  • 85. Det upphovsrättsliga systemet Lag (1960) om upphovsrätt till litterära och konstnärliga verk UPPHOVSRÄTTEN Ekonomisk rätt Ideell rätt Exemplarframställning Tillgängliggörande Spridningsrätt Visningsrätt Framföranderätt Rätt till namnangivelse Skydd för kränkande ändring Skydd för kränkande användning Överföring till allmänheten
  • 86. Skyddstid
    • 70 år post mortem (dödsår + 71)
    • Anonyma verk - 70 är efter publikation
    • Fotografier –
      • fotografiska bilder: 50 år
      • fotografiska verk: 70 år
  • 87. NULLUM BENEFICIUM EST IMPUNITUM
  • 88. LIV ÄR ORGANISERAD KRING TEKNIK
    • … och har alltid varit det….
  • 89. KOPIERINGS- KOSTNADER GÅR MOT NOLL
  • 90. TRE OTROLIGT DÅLIGA IDÉER … … SOM FUNKADE!
  • 91.  
  • 92. STALLMAN BEVISADE EMPIRISKT ATT EKONOMISK ERSÄTTNING INTE VAR EN FÖRUTSÄTTNING FÖR SKAPANDE…
    • Undantag?
  • 93.
    • Konsumenter till producenter….
    SEDAN KOM ANVÄNDARNA…
  • 94. Historik 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 Wikipedia Facebook YouTube Twitter MySpace Ning Linkedin Second Life
  • 95.  
  • 96. WALES BEVISADE ATT STALLMANS IDÉER KUNDE SKALAS UPP OCH SLÄPPA IN FLERA ICKE-SPECIALIST GRUPPER
    • Men fortfarande klänger vi oss fast vid kulturens skapelsemyt
  • 97.  
  • 98. LESSIG VILLE HJÄLPA SKAPARE ATT DELA MED SIG AV SITT MATERIAL UTAN ATT FÖRLORA KONTROLLEN
    • Inget nytt men helt annorlunda!
  • 99. OPEN CONTENT LICENSER
    • CC inte först men störst
  • 100. History 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 CC Founded 1 mil . licenses 4.7 mil . CC licenses 20 mil .
  • 101. 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 http://creativecommons.org/about/history/ 90 mill! 50 mill! 130 mill!
  • 102. Licenssystem
  • 103. Alternativ
  • 104. MER ANVÄNDBART INOM ABM…
  • 105.  
  • 106. Kritik mot CC
    • Politiskt ingen ideologisk kontrol
    • Sunt förnuft CC överkomplicerad
    • Pro-copyright CC lurar användare
    • Anti-copyright CC förlänger dålig system
    • Förvirring – för många licenser
    • Community licenser skapar inte gemensamt (jurister är onda)
  • 107. INFO-KONTROLL I FRAMTIDEN
    • Försök till summera….
  • 108. IS CODE LAW?
  • 109. 1. AUTOMONOUS TECHNOLOGY
  • 110. 2. ÖPPEN LICENSIERING
  • 111. 3. DELEGERAD KONTROLL
    • ISP as deputy
  • 112. 4. VOLUNTARY CENSORSHIP
  • 113. 5. TWITTER
  • 114. RÄTTIGHETERNAS DÖD
  • 115. Tack!