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The digitalization of modern life  and the Creative CommonsMathias Klang         @klang67
CULTURAL RELATIVISM
“...civilization is not somethingabsolute, but ... is relative, and ...our ideas and conceptions are trueonly so far as ou...
Siberian/Thuvan throat singing
STEP 1: STATE THE OBVIOUS
DIGITALIZATION CHANGED EVERYTHING
Digitalization Internet WWW Fixed cost connections Storage Costs web2.0 Devices Social Media 
TECHNOLOGY controls how andwhat we interact, create & THINK
AFFORDANCESspot the ethical dilemma?
Language technology
Authorship & copyright are inventions of technology
Exodus 20:14THE WICKED BIBLE (1631)
Wheras printers, booksellers, and other persons,        have of late frequently taken the liberty of printing... books, an...
Expanding rights
Oscar Wilde nr 18     av Napoleon Sarony“entirely from his own mentalconception, to which he gave visibleform””useful, new...
User generated        content      THE   SOCIAL  CENTURY
Monopolies in copying & deliverysystems
Lag (1960) om upphovsrätt tilllitterära och konstnärliga verk
LAG (1960) OM UPPHOVSRÄTT TILL LITTERÄRA OCH KONSTNÄRLIGA VERK
Anything that is in the world when you’re born is  normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of      the way the worl...
What’s                     protected?Almost everything!
”VERKSHÖJD”   BIRD RED SLICE by Koko (1984)
Donald Duck by Walt Disney   Arne Anka av Charlie Christensenidea/expression dichotomy
copying
digitalization
Analog / Digital•   Copy inferior          •   There is no copy•   Limited nr of copies   •   Infinite nr•   Copying in re...
LIFE & DEATH        OFBUSINESS MODELS
Why pirate?Because we can?Because we must?Because we don’t care?
34
35
LAW & MORALITY
LAW REGULATES WHAT IS, NOT     WHAT SHOULD BE
STEP 2: LAW & ETHICS TAXONOMY
ethical                      Homageillegal                        legal          unethical
The Battleship Potemkin 1925 - Odessa Steps scene – director Sergei M.Eisenstein
The Untouchables (1987) film directed by Brian De Palma
ethical                       Homageillegal                               legal                      Cross Culture        ...
Kill Bill part 1 & 2 (2003) & (2004) by writer/director Quentin Tarantino
ethical          AMV                Homageillegal                                     legal                            Cro...
FMA AMV Gimme a Man After Midnight - Abbahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_xB-RFOZDs
ethical          AMV                Homageillegal                                     legal           ?                Cro...
creating artificial barriers
Law   Contextual &programmed social       rules   Architecture
Contextual &programmed social       rules
NORMS FROM ABOVE
ANTI-PIRACY ADAnti-Piracy Advertisementhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5SmrHNWhak
REACTION “FROM        BELOW”
IT CROWD PARODY warning parody The IT Crowd - Series 2 - Episode 3: Piracy http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VUNfynI8bdA
WHAT TO DO?
“THE FIRST THING WE DO, LETS KILL ALL THE               LAWYERS”
dead TRee as NORM
two dominant truths1. No cash, No Creation2. Everything Is property
DIGITALIZATIONCONNECTIVITYDEVICESSTORAGE
the theoretically possiblebecomes the inevitable…
the (slow) death of the analog age… or is it?
Two incredible & strange  ideas… that WORKED
STALLMAN PROVED EMPIRICALLY THATECONOMIC RETURNS WERE NOT AREQUIREMENT FOR CREATION…But geeks are different?
WALES PROVED STALLMAN’S IDEAS SCALED& APPLIED TO NON-SPECIALIST GROUPSYet we still cling to the analogue myths.
Social technology
Blogger 1999Google 1999               End of communications monopoly
THEORETICAL  & POSSIBLE    BECOMES  INEVITABLE
Four limitations
How to License
Germany 2011Israel 2011: TA 3560/09, 3561/09, Avi Reuveni v. Mapa inc.Belgium 2010: 09-1684-A (Lichôdmapwa v. Lasbl Festiv...
THANKS!
Mathias Klang     klang@ituniv.se or @klang67           www.digital-rights.netImage & licensing info in the notes         ...
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons
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  • ipad desk by thms.nl cc by
  • Why do you do this every day? from edmittance cc by nc sa
  • culture is not a crime from Dawn Endico cc by
  • Franz Boas 1887 "Museums of Ethnology and their classification" Science 9: 589 Malmø by Alio. cc by nc sa
  • Siberian/Thuvan throat singing
  • Hiding Behind the Obvious from andrea.rose cc by
  • Gavin protests from Mllerustad cc by
  • An Apple in the dark 2 by Nelson Biagio Jr cc by nc sa
  • Habermas om Informationssystem 24 november 2004 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • Photgrapher Unknown Source http://architectures.danlockton.co.uk/2006/10/05/anti-homeless-benches-in-tokyo/
  • Lost by Stéfan cc by nc sa
  • pen & wax tablet is a fresco from the walls of Pompeii - 1st century CE
  • A 1631 King James Bible, known as the "Wicked Bible, ” contains an error in Exodus 20:14, where the Seventh Commandment reads, "Thou shalt commit adultery." The printers, Robert Barker and Martin Lucas, are said to have been fined 300 pounds for the offense, a huge sum at that time, and had their printers' license revoked. It is believed that only 11 of the original 1,000 have survived.
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> George Orwell. Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)
  • Tripita Hugo from @Serg1o cc by nc sa Statute of Anne 1710 LAG OM ÄGANDERÄTT TILL SKRIFT (1877)
  • Untitled from Kennedy Garrett cc by Expansion of what it protects (Learned men  Culture) Expansion in length of protection Expansion of expressions (Text  Images  Buildings etc) Internationalization
  • Oscar Wilde nr 18 av Napoleon Sarony Burrow-Giles Lithographic Co. v. Sarony, 111 U.S. 53 (1884).
  • Howl from CaptPiper cc by
  • 1888 - Kodak nr 1 Första massproducerade lådkameran Enkel att använda Bärbar Kort exponeringstid
  • POLICE ON THEIR BACK from jean-fabien cc by nc nd
  • Law and Prophets from Lawrence OP cc by nc nd
  • Upphovsrätten bygger på idén att det alster som någon, vem som helst, du eller jag, eller någon annan, skapat , också skall ha rätt att bestämma över detta verk på samma sätt som om det vore en ägodel . Om man ser upphovsrättens verk som en sak , är det lättare att förstå hur principerna och regelkomplexet runt detta. Ingen av oss skulle väl kunna tänka sig att utan lov , gå in till grannen och ta med sig de saker som finns där efter tycke och smak. Dessutom är det brottsligt och kallas för stöld . När det gäller upphovsrätten gäller samma regler, fast vi använder andra ord, upphovsrättsintrång t ex. Att skydda upphovsrätten har ansetts vara viktigt över hela världen. Det finns världsomspännande regler på området. Bernkonventionen från 1898 är den äldsta.
  • delorean-complexity reducer from visualpanic cc by
  • BIRD RED SLICE by Koko Abstract by Koko. 10 x 12 acrylic on canvas, 1984 http://www.koko.org/world/art_abstracts.html#UNTITLED2 Koko (born July 4, 1971, at San Francisco Zoo) is a Western Lowland Gorilla who, according to Francine 'Penny' Patterson, is able to understand more than 1,000 signs based on American Sign Language, [1] and understand approximately 2,000 words of spoken English. [2] . As with other ape language experiments, the degree to which Koko masters these signs has been controversial, as has been the degree to which such mastery demonstrates language abilities. Koko has lived most of her life in Woodside, California, although a move to a sanctuary in Maui, Hawaii, has been planned since the 1990s. [3] . Koko is short for the name Hanabiko ( 花火子 , lit. "fireworks child" ? ) in Japanese, a reference to her date of birth, the Fourth of July. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koko_%28gorilla%29
  • Family Cycle Train from Amsterdamize cc by sa
  • Untitled from Kennedy Garrett cc by
  • Blyth beach huts from freefotouk cc by nc
  • Death will stare at me out of your... from woo is not a china girl cc by nc sa
  • painter from tinou bao cc by
  • Photographer: Unknown 2009 in Westbury-sub-Mendip phone booth turned into small 24-hour library
  • Informationspolitik 30 november 2005 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
  • Fork It from KayVee.INC cc by nc sa
  • Nun bowling, anyone? by .candy Nun bowling, anyone? from .candy cc by nd
  • T-Rex from mistagrrr cc by
  • The Battleship Potemkin 1925 - Odessa Steps scene – director Sergei M. Eisenstein
  • The Untouchables (1987) film directed by Brian De Palma
  • Kill Bill part 1 & 2 (2003) & (2004) by writer/director Quentin Tarantino
  • FMA AMV Gimme a Man After Midnight - Abba http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_xB-RFOZDs
  • Berlin Wall by Mathias Klang cc by nc
  • Iceberg from sweart cc by nc sa
  • Part of the The Sistine Chapel ceiling, painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistine_Chapel_ceiling
  • Anti-Piracy Advertisement http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5SmrHNWhak
  • Mask from Ben Fredericson (xjrlokix) cc by
  • The IT Crowd - Series 2 - Episode 3: Piracy warning parody http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VUNfynI8bdA
  • Come fa la mucca? from Skiwalker79 cc by nc sa
  • Shakespeare's - Globe Theatre from Cyberslayer cc by nc sa Henry VI (Part 2) Act 4, scene 2 - William Shakespeare
  • Tree Silhouette copy from rjg329 cc by nc sa
  • goldfish from a_trotskyite cc by nc sa
  • I just couldn ’t live with myself... from Eric "Claptøn" Nelsøn cc by nc sa
  • Came hame háááá! from R'eyes cc by
  • What's the Story ebook on iPad and... from shiftstigma cc by nc sa
  • Question Everything by dullhunk cc by nc sa
  • Four Boxes from Bright Tal cc by nc sa
  • Thinking Stallman by nauj27 cc by nc sa
  • 800px-JimmyWalesJI5 by joi ito cc by (Cropped)
  • Radiohead Crowd from Samuel Stroube cc by nc sa
  • 2001 Wikipedia, Tripadvisor 2002 Linkedin 2003 Pirate Bay, MySpace, Second Life, Wordfeud 2004 Facebook, digg 2005 Youtube 2006 Twitter, Spotify, Slideshare 2007 iPhone 2009 Klout, Farmville, Quora, Foursquare, Kickstarter 2010 Wordfeud, Instagram 2011 Google+
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  • Creative Commons from karindalziel cc by.jpg
  • Crocodile's eye from Tambako the Jaguar cc by nd
  • Day 78 - Peace by lintmachine cc by nc sa
  • never to be seen again from *sean cc by
  • Protection 4 from Jasmin Cormier cc by nc Creative Commons – en guide för lärare Skolverket
  • Brown Bagged Goof from privatenobby cc by nc sa
  • Eyes ! (Youth from Antikythera!) by agelakis cc by nc sa
  • Transcript of "Digitalization of culture and Creative Commons"

    1. 1. The digitalization of modern life and the Creative CommonsMathias Klang @klang67
    2. 2. CULTURAL RELATIVISM
    3. 3. “...civilization is not somethingabsolute, but ... is relative, and ...our ideas and conceptions are trueonly so far as our civilization goes.” Franz Boas (1887)
    4. 4. Siberian/Thuvan throat singing
    5. 5. STEP 1: STATE THE OBVIOUS
    6. 6. DIGITALIZATION CHANGED EVERYTHING
    7. 7. Digitalization Internet WWW Fixed cost connections Storage Costs web2.0 Devices Social Media 
    8. 8. TECHNOLOGY controls how andwhat we interact, create & THINK
    9. 9. AFFORDANCESspot the ethical dilemma?
    10. 10. Language technology
    11. 11. Authorship & copyright are inventions of technology
    12. 12. Exodus 20:14THE WICKED BIBLE (1631)
    13. 13. Wheras printers, booksellers, and other persons, have of late frequently taken the liberty of printing... books, and other writings, without the consent of the authors... to their very greatdetriment, and too often to the ruin of them and their families: For preventing therefore such practices for the future, and for the encouragement of learned men to compose and write useful books…STATUTE OF ANNE (1710)
    14. 14. Expanding rights
    15. 15. Oscar Wilde nr 18 av Napoleon Sarony“entirely from his own mentalconception, to which he gave visibleform””useful, new, harmonious,characteristic, and graceful picture.”
    16. 16. User generated content THE SOCIAL CENTURY
    17. 17. Monopolies in copying & deliverysystems
    18. 18. Lag (1960) om upphovsrätt tilllitterära och konstnärliga verk
    19. 19. LAG (1960) OM UPPHOVSRÄTT TILL LITTERÄRA OCH KONSTNÄRLIGA VERK
    20. 20. Anything that is in the world when you’re born is  normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of  the way the world works. Anything that’s invented between when you’re fifteen and thirty­ five is new and exciting and revolutionary and  you can probably get a career in it. Anything  invented after you’re thirty­five is against the  natural order of things.
    21. 21. What’s protected?Almost everything!
    22. 22. ”VERKSHÖJD” BIRD RED SLICE by Koko (1984)
    23. 23. Donald Duck by Walt Disney Arne Anka av Charlie Christensenidea/expression dichotomy
    24. 24. copying
    25. 25. digitalization
    26. 26. Analog / Digital• Copy inferior • There is no copy• Limited nr of copies • Infinite nr• Copying in real time • Timeless• Cost • Without cost
    27. 27. LIFE & DEATH OFBUSINESS MODELS
    28. 28. Why pirate?Because we can?Because we must?Because we don’t care?
    29. 29. 34
    30. 30. 35
    31. 31. LAW & MORALITY
    32. 32. LAW REGULATES WHAT IS, NOT WHAT SHOULD BE
    33. 33. STEP 2: LAW & ETHICS TAXONOMY
    34. 34. ethical Homageillegal legal unethical
    35. 35. The Battleship Potemkin 1925 - Odessa Steps scene – director Sergei M.Eisenstein
    36. 36. The Untouchables (1987) film directed by Brian De Palma
    37. 37. ethical Homageillegal legal Cross Culture unethical
    38. 38. Kill Bill part 1 & 2 (2003) & (2004) by writer/director Quentin Tarantino
    39. 39. ethical AMV Homageillegal legal Cross Culture unethical
    40. 40. FMA AMV Gimme a Man After Midnight - Abbahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_xB-RFOZDs
    41. 41. ethical AMV Homageillegal legal ? Cross Culture unethical
    42. 42. creating artificial barriers
    43. 43. Law Contextual &programmed social rules Architecture
    44. 44. Contextual &programmed social rules
    45. 45. NORMS FROM ABOVE
    46. 46. ANTI-PIRACY ADAnti-Piracy Advertisementhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5SmrHNWhak
    47. 47. REACTION “FROM BELOW”
    48. 48. IT CROWD PARODY warning parody The IT Crowd - Series 2 - Episode 3: Piracy http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VUNfynI8bdA
    49. 49. WHAT TO DO?
    50. 50. “THE FIRST THING WE DO, LETS KILL ALL THE LAWYERS”
    51. 51. dead TRee as NORM
    52. 52. two dominant truths1. No cash, No Creation2. Everything Is property
    53. 53. DIGITALIZATIONCONNECTIVITYDEVICESSTORAGE
    54. 54. the theoretically possiblebecomes the inevitable…
    55. 55. the (slow) death of the analog age… or is it?
    56. 56. Two incredible & strange ideas… that WORKED
    57. 57. STALLMAN PROVED EMPIRICALLY THATECONOMIC RETURNS WERE NOT AREQUIREMENT FOR CREATION…But geeks are different?
    58. 58. WALES PROVED STALLMAN’S IDEAS SCALED& APPLIED TO NON-SPECIALIST GROUPSYet we still cling to the analogue myths.
    59. 59. Social technology
    60. 60. Blogger 1999Google 1999 End of communications monopoly
    61. 61. THEORETICAL & POSSIBLE BECOMES INEVITABLE
    62. 62. Four limitations
    63. 63. How to License
    64. 64. Germany 2011Israel 2011: TA 3560/09, 3561/09, Avi Reuveni v. Mapa inc.Belgium 2010: 09-1684-A (Lichôdmapwa v. Lasbl Festival de Theatre deSpa)The Netherlands, 2006: Curry v. AudaxSpain 2006: SGAE v. Fernandez Case law
    65. 65. THANKS!
    66. 66. Mathias Klang klang@ituniv.se or @klang67 www.digital-rights.netImage & licensing info in the notes section of slides. Images at www.flickr.com (or specifically stated). This ppt licensed: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Download presentation www.slideshare.net/klang
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