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Creative Commons May08

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Creative Commons and Copyright at Stockholm University 2008

Creative Commons and Copyright at Stockholm University 2008

Published in: Technology, Education

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    • 1. Creative Commons: Community by Contract? Stockholm, 8 May 2008 Mathias Klang [email_address]
    • 2. One of the copyright problems today is…
    • 3.  
    • 4. Swedish Copyright Lag (1960) om upphovsrätt till litterära och konstnärliga verk UPPHOVSRÄTTEN Ekonomisk rätt Ideell rätt Exemplarframställning Tillgängliggörande Spridningsrätt Visningsrätt Framföranderätt Rätt till namnangivelse Skydd för kränkande ändring Skydd för kränkande användning Överföring till allmänheten
    • 5. What is protected?
      • The literary, artistic & ”spiritual creation”
      • The creative form - but not motif/subject, facts or ideas
      • Idea/expression dichotomy
    • 6. Facts
    • 7. How
      • Automatic… but…
      • The work is “new/innovative”
        • Not too simple
      • Creative Level
        • Verkshöjd
    • 8. Protection Length
      • Creator - 70 years post mortem (year of death + 71)
      • Anonymous works - 70 years after publication
      • Photographers – 50 years after the picture was taken
      • There are other lengths and exceptions…
    • 9. Idea/expression dichotomy…
    • 10. Ideas Donald Duck by Walt Disney Arne Anka by Charlie Christensen
    • 11. Motifs…
    • 12. Mona Lisa - Leonardo da Vinci ca 1503
    • 13. Marcel Duchamp 1919
    • 14. David Teixidor Buenaventura 2001
    • 15.  
    • 16.  
    • 17.  
    • 18. Mona Lisa Ascii
    • 19. Peter Blake Party with La Giaconda 1999
    • 20.  
    • 21.  
    • 22.  
    • 23.  
    • 24. Mujahidin Mona Lisa by Banksy
    • 25. Fountain - Duchamp (1917)
    • 26. “ The creative act is not performed by the artist alone; the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world by deciphering and interpreting its inner qualifications and thus adds his contribution to the creative act”
    • 27. Theoretical Foundations
      • Culture is communication
      • Intertextuality & Meaning: The meaning of the artifact lies in the observer (Barthes) and meaning is created through several texts (Kristeva).
    • 28. Whose copyright?
      • Property owner
      • Mathias Klang
      • Shepard Fairey
      • Anonymous artist
      • Anonymous artists
    • 29. then we add technology…
    • 30. In the beginning there was technology…
    • 31. Life is organised around technology and it always has been! (this is not technological determinism)
    • 32. Copyright is the logical expression of the analog world. It was created as a result of the printing press. (Victor Hugo & Berne)
    • 33. Disruptive Technology
    • 34. The disruption occurs when the technology, which is introduced effects the social arrangements around which we build our lives
    • 35.  
    • 36. Impulse: Control
    • 37. What’s wrong with Command and Control? It relies to heavily upon coercion and cooperation.
    • 38. Popular move from passive culture consumers to cultural developers… Whatever would Duchamp say?
    • 39. Remix conflict
    • 40. I've been around so long, I knew Doris Day before she was a virgin. Graucho Marx
    • 41. Creative Commons
    • 42. Property
    • 43. Licensing system
    • 44. Alternatives
    • 45. Choose license
    • 46. More info
    • 47. Japanese
    • 48. Bulgarian
    • 49. Finnish
    • 50. What is created?
      • License Deed - Human readable
      • The License - Lawyer readable
      • Metatext - Machine readable
    • 51.  
    • 52. Esperanto
    • 53. Castellans
    • 54. Colombia
    • 55. License
    • 56. Metatext <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/se/&quot;> <img alt=&quot;Creative Commons License&quot; style=&quot;border-width:0&quot; src=&quot;http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-sa/2.5/se/88x31.png&quot; /> </a> <br /> <span xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot; href=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Sound&quot; property=&quot;dc:title&quot; rel=&quot;dc:type&quot;>klang i duschen</span> by <a xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; href=&quot;http://www.digital-rights.net&quot; property=&quot;cc:attributionName&quot; rel=&quot;cc:attributionURL&quot;>Klang</a> is licensed under a <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/se/&quot;>Creative Commons Erkännande-Ickekommersiell-Dela Lika 2.5 Sverige License</a>.
    • 57. Search Google - advanced Yahoo - advanced
    • 58. Flickr 7/5:
      • 19 293 116 bilder
        • (+ 605 972 sedan 17/4-08)
        • Ca 30 000 per dag
      • 107 894 Stockholm
      • 94 949 University
      • 34 Stockholm University
      University Reflecting Pool - 917press
    • 59. Day in the park Foto: 917press & Klang
    • 60.  
    • 61.  
    • 62.  
    • 63.  
    • 64.  
    • 65. Texts
      • A Briefer History of Time - Eric Schulman
      • The Wealth of Networks - Yochai Benkler
      • Capitalism 3.0 - Peter Barnes
      • Community Created Content - Heitanen et al
      • Code version 2 - Lawrence Lessig
      • No Lobbyists as Such - Florian Muller
      • Peers, Pirates and Persuasion - John Logie
      • Trigger Happy - Steven Poole
      • Yttrandefrihet på Nät e t - Anders R. Olsson
    • 66. Criticism
      • Political criticism - CC has not ensured ideological control (no copyleft)
      • Common Sense - Not needed - too complicated
      • Pro-copyright position - CC is not a useful alernative and undermines copyright
      • Confusion - Too many licenses confuses the situation
    • 67. Alison Chiang
    • 68. Growth
    • 69. Thank you! Mathias Klang [email_address]