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Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
Copyright: One Size Fits All?
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Copyright: One Size Fits All?

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  • Malcom X from KeokiSeu cc by ncsaThe conflict between morals & law. That millions of people do the same doesn't make it more legal. But does it make it right?
  • Hiding Behind the Obvious from andrea.rose cc by
  • culture is not a crime from Dawn Endico cc by
  • Message in a Bottle by night86mare cc by ncsaFranz Boas 1887 "Museums of Ethnology and their claissification" Science 9: 589Right & wrong are therefore relative concepts
  • Siberian/Thuvan throat singing http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VTCJ5hedcVA&p=A3A6044F015358F7&playnext=1&index=7
  • goldfish from a_trotskyite cc by ncsa
  • my wallpaper by baboon™ cc by nc
  • Not only our island nation that is... from nattu cc by
  • PhotgrapherUnknownSource http://architectures.danlockton.co.uk/2006/10/05/anti-homeless-benches-in-tokyo/
  • Lost by Stéfan cc by ncsa
  • A 1631 King James Bible, known as the "Wicked Bible,” contains an error in Exodus 20:14, where the Seventh Commandment reads, "Thou shalt commit adultery." The printers, Robert Barker and Martin Lucas, are said to have been fined 300 pounds for the offense, a huge sum at that time, and had their printers' license revoked. It is believed that only 11 of the original 1,000 have survived.
  • Tripita Hugo from @Serg1o cc by nc saStatute of Anne 1710LAG OM ÄGANDERÄTT TILL SKRIFT (1877)
  • Untitled from Kennedy Garrett cc byExpansion of what it protects (Learned men Culture)Expansion in length of protectionExpansion of expressions (Text  Images  Buildings etc)Internationalization
  • Oscar Wilde nr 18 av Napoleon SaronyBurrow-Giles Lithographic Co. v. Sarony, 111 U.S. 53 (1884).
  • Berne Convention 1886
  • Howl from CaptPiper cc by
  • 1888 - Kodak nr 1 FörstamassproduceradelådkameranEnkelattanvändaBärbarKortexponeringstid
  • I just couldn’t live with myself... from Eric "Claptøn" Nelsøn cc by ncsa
  • Came hameháááá! from R'eyes cc by
  • Eskatol (8 of 12) from SynneTonidas cc by ncsa
  • Question Everything by dullhunk cc by ncsa
  • Fork It from KayVee.INC cc by ncsa
  • Nun bowling, anyone? by .candy Nun bowling, anyone? from .candy cc by nd
  • T-Rex from mistagrrr cc by
  • The Battleship Potemkin 1925 - Odessa Steps scene – director Sergei M. Eisenstein
  • The Untouchables (1987) film directed by Brian De Palma
  • Kill Bill part 1 & 2 (2003) & (2004) by writer/director Quentin Tarantino
  • FMA AMV Gimme a Man After Midnight - Abba http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_xB-RFOZDs
  • Berlin Wall by Mathias Klang cc by nc
  • The comic strip Samirby Max Gustafson http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Gustafson. Used with the kind permission of Max Gustafson. This image is NOT LICENSED under a Creative Commons license.
  • Iceberg from sweart cc by ncsa
  • Part of the The Sistine Chapel ceiling, painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistine_Chapel_ceiling
  • Anti-Piracy Advertisementhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5SmrHNWhak
  • Part of the The Sistine Chapel ceiling, painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistine_Chapel_ceiling
  • Mask from Ben Fredericson (xjrlokix) cc by
  • The IT Crowd - Series 2 - Episode 3: Piracy warning parodyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VUNfynI8bdA
  • Come fa la mucca? from Skiwalker79 cc by ncsa
  • Shakespeare's - Globe Theatre from Cyberslayer cc by ncsaHenry VI (Part 2) Act 4, scene 2 - William Shakespeare
  • Poets Corner - Tom Bresemann from basspunk cc by ncsa
  • Sheep standing in the cold from P!XELTREE cc by ncsaI shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by,’ And that has made all the difference.Robert Frost (1874–1963). "The Road Not Taken” in Mountain Interval.1920.
  • Roscoe with Dead End Sign by zoomar cc by ncsa
  • old man grumbling ... by * hiro008 cc by ncsa
  • mud city, mud people from a hundred visions and revisions cc byIn Antigone Sophocles presented a situation where the King was defied and the women buried their dead relatives against his orders. They claimed their right came from God. There were two sources of law: god & the state. Today Bi-centric regulation is a luxury.
  • Prego from marcodede cc by
  • Forest For The Nails from Brandon Heyer cc by ncsa
  • Eyes ! (Youth from Antikythera!) by agelakis cc by nc sa
  • Transcript

    • 1. Unpacking Sophocles
      Copyright: One Size Fits All?
    • 2. Step 1: Introduction
    • 3. Cultural relativism
    • 4. “...civilization is not something absolute, but ... is relative, and ... our ideas and conceptions are true only so far as our civilization goes.”
      Franz Boas (1887)
    • 5. Siberian/Thuvan throat singing
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VTCJ5hedcVA&p=A3A6044F015358F7&playnext=1&index=7
    • 6. right & wrong
    • 7. Step 2: history
    • 8. In the beginning was the word…
    • 9. Affordancesspot the ethical dilemma?
    • 10. Words & technology
    • 11. Exodus 20:14
      The wicked bible (1631)
    • 12. Wheras printers, booksellers, and other persons, have of late frequently taken the liberty of printing... books, and other writings, without the consent of the authors... to their very great detriment, and too often to the ruin of them and their families: For preventing therefore such practices for the future, and for the encouragement of learned men to compose and write useful books…
      Statute of Anne (1710)
    • 13. The expansion of copyright
    • 14. Oscar Wilde nr 18 by Napoleon Sarony
      “entirely from his own mental conception, to which he gave visible form”
      ”useful, new, harmonious, characteristic, and graceful picture.”
    • 15.
    • 16. Increase of user
      generated content
      The social century
    • 17.
    • 18. DigitalizationConnectivitYDevicesStorage
    • 19. When the Theoretically possible becomes the inevitable
    • 20. Blogger 1999
      2001
      2003
      2005
      2000
      2002
      2004
      2006
      Wikipedia
      The Social Decade
    • 21. My Space
      Digg
      YouTube
      Linkedin
      Blogger 1999
      2001
      2003
      2005
      2000
      2002
      2004
      2006
      Ning
      Second Life
      Skype
      Facebook
      Flickr
      Wikipedia
      Google c:a 1998
    • 22. My Space
      Digg
      Twitter
      iphone
      YouTube
      Wikileaks
      Linkedin
      Blogger 1999
      2007
      2009
      2001
      2003
      2005
      2000
      2002
      2004
      2006
      2008
      Farmville
      Ning
      Second Life
      Spotify
      Flickr
      Skype
      Facebook
      Wikipedia
      Google c:a 1998
    • 23. Clash of norms? end of thepassive consumption
    • 24. Step 3: Interpretation
    • 25.
    • 26. Anything that is in the world when you’re born is normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of the way the world works. Anything that’s invented between when you’re fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary and you can probably get a career in it. Anything invented after you’re thirty-five is against the natural order of things.
    • 27. 2006
      2007
    • 28. Step 4: Law & Morality
    • 29. law regulates what is, not what should be
    • 30. law & ethics taxonomy
    • 31. ethical
      Homage
      legal
      illegal
      unethical
    • 32. The Battleship Potemkin 1925 - Odessa Steps scene – director Sergei M. Eisenstein
    • 33. The Untouchables (1987) film directed by Brian De Palma
    • 34. ethical
      Homage
      legal
      illegal
      Cross Culture
      unethical
    • 35. Kill Bill part 1 & 2 (2003) & (2004) by writer/director Quentin Tarantino
    • 36. ethical
      AMV
      Homage
      legal
      illegal
      Cross Culture
      unethical
    • 37. FMA AMV Gimme a Man After Midnight - Abba
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_xB-RFOZDs
    • 38. ethical
      Homage
      Remix
      legal
      illegal
      Traditional
      Knowledge
      Pure
      Downloading
      unethical
    • 39. creating artificial barriers
    • 40. Samir by Max Gustafson
    • 41.
    • 42. Law
      Contextual &
      programmed social
      rules
      Architecture
    • 43. Contextual &
      programmed social
      rules
    • 44. Norms from above
    • 45. Anti-Piracy Advertisement
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5SmrHNWhak
      Anti-Piracy ad
    • 46. Did Nietzsche kill god?
    • 47. We the people no longer respect…We respond
    • 48. The IT Crowd - Series 2 - Episode 3: Piracy warning parody
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VUNfynI8bdA
      IT Crowd parody
    • 49. Step 5: What to do?
    • 50. “The first thing we do, let's kill all the lawyers”
    • 51. Do we need more poets?
    • 52. Two roads diverged in a wood, and I - I took the one less traveled by,’ And that has made all the difference.
      Robert Frost
    • 53. we must adapt
    • 54. “they” will respond
      Either argue better… or…
    • 55. Sophocles had it easy!
      polycentric regulation
    • 56. Abandon the Heavy handedSingle tool approach
    • 57. Free Digitalization of cultural artifacts
      Limit terms of protection
      Allow refusal of copyright
      Allow creative use
      Public domain protections
      Resolve Orphan issues
      Promote Multiple Creators
      From My list
    • 58. Thank you.
    • 59. Information
      • All images from www.flickr.com (unless specifically stated)
      • 60. Image & licensing info in the notes section of slides
      • 61. Presentation licensed: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
      • 62. The presentation can be downloaded from: www.slideshare.net/klang
      • 63. More information about me: www.techrisk.se & www.digital-rights.net

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