Copyright culture technology

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Copyright culture technology

  1. 1. Culture, copyright, technology <ul><li>Mathias Klang </li></ul>
  2. 3. CULTURAL RELATIVISM
  3. 4. “ ...civilization is not something absolute, but ... is relative, and ... our ideas and conceptions are true only so far as our civilization goes.” <ul><li>Franz Boas (1887) </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Siberian/Thuvan throat singing </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VTCJ5hedcVA&p=A3A6044F015358F7&playnext=1&index=7 </li></ul>
  5. 6. STEP 1: STATE THE OBVIOUS
  6. 7. DIGITALIZATION CHANGED EVERYTHING
  7. 8. TECHNOLOGY controls how and what we interact, create & THINK
  8. 11. Anything that is in the world when you’re born is normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of the way the world works. Anything that’s invented between when you’re fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary and you can probably get a career in it. Anything invented after you’re thirty-five is against the natural order of things.
  9. 12. AFFORDANCES spot the ethical dilemma?
  10. 13. Language technology
  11. 14. <ul><li>Exodus 20:14 </li></ul>THE WICKED BIBLE (1631)
  12. 15. STATUTE OF ANNE (1710) <ul><li>Wheras printers, booksellers, and other persons, have of late frequently taken the liberty of printing... books, and other writings, without the consent of the authors... to their very great detriment, and too often to the ruin of them and their families : For preventing therefore such practices for the future, and for the encouragement of learned men to compose and write useful books… </li></ul>
  13. 16. Expanding rights
  14. 17. Oscar Wilde nr 18 av Napoleon Sarony <ul><li>“ entirely from his own mental conception, to which he gave visible form” </li></ul><ul><li>” useful, new, harmonious, characteristic, and graceful picture.” </li></ul>
  15. 18. THE SOCIAL CENTURY <ul><li>User generated </li></ul><ul><li>content </li></ul>
  16. 20. Monopolies in copying & delivery systems
  17. 21. Lag (1960) om upphovsrätt till litterära och konstnärliga verk
  18. 22. LAG (1960) OM UPPHOVSRÄTT TILL LITTERÄRA OCH KONSTNÄRLIGA VERK
  19. 24. Vad skyddas? <ul><li>Teater </li></ul><ul><li>Musik </li></ul><ul><li>Film </li></ul><ul><li>Databaser </li></ul><ul><li>Konstverk </li></ul><ul><li>Byggnader </li></ul><ul><li>Brukskonst </li></ul><ul><li>Kartor </li></ul><ul><li>Fotografiska verk </li></ul><ul><li>Litteratur </li></ul>
  20. 25. VERKSHÖJD <ul><li>BIRD RED SLICE by Koko (1984) </li></ul>
  21. 26. idea/expression dichotomy Donald Duck av Walt Disney Arne Anka av Charlie Christensen
  22. 27. STADIGVARANDE
  23. 28. copying
  24. 29. digitalization
  25. 30. Analog / Digital <ul><li>Copy inferior </li></ul><ul><li>Limited nr of copies </li></ul><ul><li>Copying in real time </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>There is no copy </li></ul><ul><li>Infinite nr </li></ul><ul><li>Timeless </li></ul><ul><li>Without cost </li></ul>
  26. 31. LIFE & DEATH OF BUSINESS MODELS
  27. 33. DIGITALIZATION CONNECTIVITY DEVICES STORAGE
  28. 34.
  29. 35.
  30. 38. LAW & MORALITY
  31. 39. LAW REGULATES WHAT IS, NOT WHAT SHOULD BE
  32. 40. WE NEED MORE POETS
  33. 41. Two roads diverged in a wood, and I - I took the one less traveled by,’ And that has made all the difference. <ul><li>Robert Frost </li></ul>
  34. 42. STEP 2: LAW & ETHICS TAXONOMY
  35. 43. ethical unethical legal illegal Homage
  36. 44. <ul><li>The Battleship Potemkin 1925 - Odessa Steps scene – director Sergei M. Eisenstein </li></ul>
  37. 45. <ul><li>The Untouchables (1987) film directed by Brian De Palma </li></ul>
  38. 46. ethical unethical legal illegal Cross Culture Homage
  39. 47. <ul><li>Kill Bill part 1 & 2 (2003) & (2004) by writer/director Quentin Tarantino </li></ul>
  40. 48. ethical unethical legal illegal AMV Homage Cross Culture
  41. 49. <ul><li>FMA AMV Gimme a Man After Midnight - Abba </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_xB-RFOZDs </li></ul>
  42. 50. ethical unethical legal illegal Homage ? Cross Culture AMV
  43. 51. creating artificial barriers
  44. 52. Samir by Max Gustafson
  45. 54. Law Contextual & programmed social rules Architecture
  46. 55. Contextual & programmed social rules
  47. 56. NORMS FROM ABOVE
  48. 57. <ul><li>Anti-Piracy Advertisement </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5SmrHNWhak </li></ul>ANTI-PIRACY AD
  49. 58. REACTION “FROM BELOW”
  50. 59. <ul><li>The IT Crowd - Series 2 - Episode 3: Piracy warning parody </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VUNfynI8bdA </li></ul>IT CROWD PARODY
  51. 60. WHAT TO DO?
  52. 61. “ THE FIRST THING WE DO, LET'S KILL ALL THE LAWYERS”
  53. 62. dead TRee as NORM
  54. 63. two dominant truths <ul><li>1. No cash , No Creation 2. Everything Is property </li></ul>
  55. 64. DIGITALIZATION CONNECTIVITY DEVICES STORAGE
  56. 65. the theoretically possible becomes the inevitable…
  57. 67. Anything that is in the world when you’re born is normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of the way the world works. Anything that’s invented between when you’re fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary and you can probably get a career in it. Anything invented after you’re thirty-five is against the natural order of things.
  58. 68. <ul><li>the (slow) death of the analog age… or is it? </li></ul>
  59. 71. four incredible & strange ideas … that WORKED
  60. 73. STALLMAN PROVED EMPIRICALLY THAT ECONOMIC RETURNS WERE NOT A REQUIREMENT FOR CREATION… <ul><li>But geeks are different? </li></ul>
  61. 75. WALES PROVED STALLMAN’S IDEAS SCALED & APPLIED TO NON-SPECIALIST GROUPS <ul><li>Men fortfarande klänger vi oss fast vid kulturens skapelsemyt </li></ul>
  62. 77. OSTROM påvisar effektivitet och betydelsen i alternativa modeller av EGENDOM förvandlar TRAGEDI till KOMEDI
  63. 79. LESSIG VILLE HJÄLPA SKAPARE ATT DELA MED SIG AV SITT MATERIAL UTAN ATT FÖRLORA KONTROLLEN <ul><li>Inget nytt men helt annorlunda! </li></ul>
  64. 80. vi, användare!
  65. 81. Lunarstormdecenniet 2000 2001 2002 2003 2005 2004 2006 Wikipedia Blogger 1999
  66. 82. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2005 2004 2006 Wikipedia Linkedin Blogger 1999 Second Life My Space Skype Digg Facebook YouTube Flickr Ning Google c:a 1998
  67. 83. Flickr 2000 2001 2002 2003 2005 2004 2006 Wikipedia Linkedin Blogger 1999 Second Life My Space Skype Digg Facebook Ning YouTube Twitter Spotify Google c:a 1998 2008 2007 2009 Farmville iphone Wikileaks
  68. 84. THEORETICAL & POSSIBLE BECOMES INEVITABLE
  69. 85. 2006 2007
  70. 88. 12 timmar senare
  71. 90. THE LICENSING APPROACH
  72. 91. Och om jag vill lägga ut mitt material på nätet – hur kan jag ”skydda” materialet från att användas på ett olämpligt sätt?
  73. 92. Det kan du INTE!
  74. 93. att LÅTA BLI är det bästa skyddet
  75. 94. Lev som (intellektuell) CELIBAT
  76. 95. Att KOMMUNICERA är att våga tro att NÅGON kommer förstå…
  77. 96. att minska risker
  78. 97. Strategi nr 1
  79. 98. ©
  80. 99. Strategi nr 2
  81. 100. dela FRITT & ÖPPET
  82. 101. RISKMINIMERING
  83. 103. fyra beGRÄNSningar
  84. 105. <ul><li>Upphovsmannen skall omnämnas i skälig omfattning : namn eller pseudonym skall uppges. </li></ul><ul><li>Namnet på verket : Om verket saknar namn faller naturligtvis kravet. </li></ul><ul><li>Länk till verket : Om det är praktiskt möjligt bör man länka till verket. </li></ul><ul><li>Bearbetade Verk : För bearbetade verk bör man berätta hur den ursprungliga verket har bearbetats. </li></ul><ul><li>Bevara hänvisningar till upphovsrätt. Om en upphovsman använder (c) Andersson måste man behålla denna text. </li></ul><ul><li>Länk till licensen. </li></ul>
  85. 110. THANKS!
  86. 111. Information <ul><li>All images from/alla bilder från www.flickr.com (unless specifically stated), (om ej annat anges) </li></ul><ul><li>Image & licensing info in the notes section of slides/bild & licensinfo finns i anteckningsdelen för varje slide </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation licensed/Presentation licensierad under: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA </li></ul><ul><li>The presentation can be downloaded from/Presentationen kan laddas ner från: www.slideshare.net/klang </li></ul><ul><li>More information about me/för mer information om mig: www.techrisk.se & www.digital-rights.net </li></ul>

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