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Pugfest2010 Final

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This power point was presented at PugFest 2010 in Milwaukee by Dr Ken Lambrecht owner of Westside Family Pet Clinic & 4 Paws Swim & Fitness in Madison WI to address the specific wellness …

This power point was presented at PugFest 2010 in Milwaukee by Dr Ken Lambrecht owner of Westside Family Pet Clinic & 4 Paws Swim & Fitness in Madison WI to address the specific wellness issues of pugs that can be addressed with preventative nutrition which includes Ideal Weight and evidence based supplements.

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  • 1. Preventative Pug Nutrition = Ideal Weight + Evidence Based Feeding & Supplements
    Ken Lambrecht DVM
    Medical Director Westside Family Pet Clinic
    Fitness & Rehab Director 4 Paws Swim & Fitness
    klambdvm@westsidefamilypet.com
  • 2. Preventative Nutrition is one of the key steps to longevity, wellness & vitality!
  • 3. My recommendations for long & healthy pug life (with vitality!)
    Keep them as close to their Ideal Weight as you possibly can
    Choose food & supplements that have scientific evidence and are specific to breed wellness
    Practice dental homecare to keep dental visits & related anesthesia minimized
    Read and learn all you can about pet nutrition
    Use your veterinarian as a resource
  • 4. Pet Food is…an emotional issue
  • 5. Your resources
    Your family veterinarian
    Articles/books by experts
    Evidence based studies/products
    Pet food retailers (be careful)
    Internet (be VERY careful)
  • 6. Canine Wellness as taught by “Travis”my buddy for 14 years
    OCD of shoulder
    Hip dysplasia
    Osteoarthritis
    “Pink” Canine tooth
    Laryngeal Paralysis
    Cognitive disease/Hearing loss
  • 7. Cousins?
  • 8. They make it tough on us!
  • 9. Why is ideal weight so important?
    “Purina Study” published in May 2002
    Showed that ideal weight dogs lived an average of 15% longer and had fewer health problems
    A Labrador’s expected life is 12-13 yrs and it stays lean its entire life should add 2+ yrs) Pugs being smaller….should live even longer!
    www.purina.com/science/research/DogMoreYears.aspx
  • 10. Based on the “Purina study” we built Westside Family Pet Care Center
  • 11. Most common wellness issues in all dogs seen at veterinary clinics
    80% of pets have dentistry issues
    40 to 50% over their Ideal Weight
    20% have osteoarthritis
    5-10% allergies
    5 to 10% heart, kidney other organ problems
  • 12. What diseases are more common in PUGS that we MIGHT be able to prevent?
    Dental plaque & tartar = periodontitis
    Skin problems (allergy & skin fold pyoderma)
    Heat stroke/intolerance/palate issues
    Patellar luxation & Legg Calve Perthes
    Mast cell tumors
    Eye problems KCS (dry eye), corneal ulcers
  • 13. Breed specific preventative nutrition in 5 breeds
    Retrievers orthopedic disease, weight management, cataracts
    Yorkshire Terriers periodontitis, patella luxations, weight management
    Beagles weight management
    Boxers higher rates of cancer
    Pugs dental issues, weight management, patella luxations, eyes, skin
  • 14. DENTAL PREVENTION
  • 15. Preventing DENTAL PROBLEMS with nutrition
  • 16. Internal organ problems are caused by dental disease
    Kidney, heart, diabetes, pancreatitis, discospondylitis (spine infection), others
  • 17. Professional 12 step dental cleanings require anesthesia
    “It’s not a matter of IF they will need their teeth cleaned it’s a matter of WHEN …..so make sure they are ideal weight = better anesthetic risk” Dr Dave Brunson DVM AVCA
  • 18. In national surveys only 4% of clients brush their pet’s teeth daily!
  • 19. Proven effective ingredients
    Chlorhexidene
    Hexametaphosphate
    Zn gluconate
    CET Enzymatic toothpaste
    “Friction” = tooth brushing, rawhides, chewing
    VOHC approved foods (Hills T/D & Oral Care, Purina DH)
    NOT hard bones!
  • 20. Prevention by Nutritional Products
    Daily brushing is still the best!
  • 21. Veterinary Oral Health Council
    vohc.org
  • 22. Preventing overweight problems
  • 23. Dangers of pets being overweight
    Skin infections
    Breathing difficulty/Respiratory problems
    Joint problems
    Diabetes Mellitus
    Heart problems
  • 24.
  • 25. The tough questions!
    1) How is Ideal weight defined?2) How do we accomplish it?
  • 26. Ideal weight defined
    By Purina study
    Weight at 1 year of age (usually)
    The “fingers below your knuckles” test
    Abdominal tuck & waist
    Is partially breed specific
  • 27. Steps to achieving Ideal weight
    HAVE AN EXPERT ASSESSMENT DONE
    KNOW THE CALORIES in everything your pet eats = watch those treats!
    MEASURE EACH FEEDING (feed 2x /day)
    DON’T LEAVE FOOD OUT for munching/grazing
    PROVIDE CONSISTENT exercise
  • 28. Body Condition Score (BCS) is a vital step in our nutritional assessment of pets
  • 29. Calories in food & treats
    Foods range from 242 to over 500 Cal/cup
    Treats are often very high (Pigs ear =170 Cal)
    Dog Food labels NOT required to show Cal/cup
    Dog Food bag “amt to feed” charts are NOT reliable
    12 lb pug only requires 250-350 food calories
    and 25 to 35 treat Calories per day to maintain Ideal Weight
  • 30. Calories vs exercise ????
    Which is more effective…. increased exercise ……..or …….reduced calories????
  • 31. Pugs exercise differently!
  • 32. Getting & keeping pets at their ideal weight
  • 33. We have had over 200 dogs in our weight loss programs since 2007
    • “Iron Dogs” 5 to 20% over ideal
    • 34. “Biggest 4 Pawed Losers” 20% or more over ideal
    • 35. “Fat Cats” over 20% of ideal
    • 36. “Iron Cats” 5 to 20% over ideal
    • 37. “Special care” arthritis, etc
    Dog Pack Challenge a 3 or 5 dog team in same category
  • 38. Preventing Osteo-arthritis
  • 39. Nutritional prevention of Osteoarthritis
  • 40. Osteoarthritis Treatment
  • 41. Fish oils (EPA & DHA)
    Joint supplements
    Probiotics, prebiotics
    Anti-oxidants
    Evidence based supplements
  • 42. Fish Oils = EPA & DHA
    Osteoarthritis
    Inflammatory skin disease
    Kidney &heart disease, cancer
    Periodontal disease(AVDS meeting Oct 09)
    Many other diseases in people that may be the same in pets
    www.Consumerlab.com
    Bauer JE. I Am Vet Med Assoc 2006, 229:680-684.
    Caterson B, et al. Hills European Symposium Genoa, Italy, Apr 2005:14-18.
    Smith CE, et al. J Vet Inter Med 2007, 21:265-273.
    Soukup, Jason DVM AVDC American Veterinary Dental Forum Oct 2009
  • 43. Fish oil challenges/Issues
    Dosing of EPA 20mg/lb EPA 60 lb dog = 7 human capsules for anti-inflammatory dose
    Pugs 10 to 14 lb = 1 to 2 capsules/day
    Quality, purity, odor, adds calories
    Flax seed/oil is NOT well converted by pets to EPA
    Daily compliance (pills vs liquids vs Rx foods) is the issue
    Consumerlab.com
  • 44. Joint supplements
  • 45. Challenges/Issues
    In a major study 84% of labeled human products were not what the label stated
    Not FDA regulated
    Active ingredients = Glucosamine & Chondroitin sulfate w/ ASU (DASUquin ®), and pernna green lipped mussel (Glycoflex ®) both have studies that show positive effects
    Need to get these from your veterinarian only until better regulation/testing becomes available
    Consumerlab.com
  • 46. Emerging Evidence Based Supplements
    Probiotics
    Carnitine
    Antioxidants (Vit E, Isoflavones, etc)
    Many others
  • 47. My recommendations for long & healthy pug life (with vitality!)
    Keep them as close to their Ideal Weight as you possibly can
    Choose supplements that have scientific evidence that support breed specific wellness
    Practice dental homecare to keep dental visits & related anesthesia minimized
    Read and learn all you can about pet nutrition
    Dialogue with your veterinarian
  • 48. Facebook.com/westsidefamilypet
    www.westsidefamilypet.com
    www.breedspecificwellness.blogspot.com
    Have a great Pugfest!
    The Staff of WFPC & 4 Paws Swim & Fitness

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