Drought Iran
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ABOUT DROUGHT IN IRAN

ABOUT DROUGHT IN IRAN

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Drought Iran Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Presentation on Drought Mitigation 28-29th August, 2001 -Tehran
    MANAGEMENT OF DROUGHT IN INDIA
    By
    VASU
  • 2. Country Profile
    Population : 1027.0 Million
    Rural Population: About 72%
    Population growth (1991-2001) : 21.34 %
    Area : 328.7 million hectares
    Net Area Sown : 142.2 million hectares
    Net Irrigated Area : 55.10 million hectares
    States/UTs : 28 States (provinces) and 7 Union Territories
  • 3. Country’s Vulnerability to Drought
    33 per cent area receives rainfall less than 750mm -chronically drought prone
    35 per cent area receive rainfall between750-1125 mm- drought prone
    Total 68 % area of the country prone to drought in varying degrees
  • 4. Rainfall distribution
    India receives its annual rainfall in four spells:
    Pre-Monsoon(March-May)----10.4 %
    SouthWest Monsoon(Jun-Sept)--73.3%
    NorthEast Monsoon(Oct-Dec)- 13.3%
    Winter Rains (January-Feb.)-- 3.0 %
  • 5. Definition of Drought
    Many definitions of drought available
    “actual moisture supply at a given place consistently falls short of the climatically expected moisture supply”
    “ a period of dry weather of sufficient length and severity to cause at least partial crop failure “
  • 6. Definition of Drought
    Common accepted definition is:
    “ a temporary reduction in water or moisture availability significantly below the normal or expected level for a specified period “
    “ a creeping situation of scarcity without recharging of resources “
  • 7. Drought Classification
    Meteorological--significant decrease from normal precipitation over an area
    Hydrological drought: marked depletion of surface water and fall in water tables
    Agricultural Drought:soil moisture and rainfall inadequate to support crops
  • 8. Drought Proofing Programmes
    Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP)-180 districts of 16 States (Rs. 19.0 billion)
    • Desert Development Programme (DDP) -40 districts of 7 States (Rs. 8.5 billion)
    • 9. Watershed approach : a geo-hydrological approach for in situ soil and water conservation (Rs. 22.6 billion)
  • Drought Management
    Critical parameters:
    Availability of Drinking water
    Sustenance of Economic activity
    Availability of Food-reasonable price
    Health and Nutrition-vulnerable sections
    Conservation of Livestock
  • 10. Drought Management-India
    Employment Generation Programmes
    Food For Work Programme (FFWP)
    Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) (Rs. 16.0 billion)
    Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY) (Rs. 16.5 billion) *
    Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) (Rs. 25.0 billion)
    Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) (Rs. 5.0 billion) *
  • 11. Drought Management- India
    Social Security Programme
    Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY)
    National Old Age Programme (NOAP)
    Annapurna Scheme (Rs. 3.0 billion)
    Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)
    Mid Day Meal - School children
  • 12. Drought Management-Good Practices
    In place contingency action plan
    Monitoring of Rainfall and likely drought scenario from the beginning by Natural Disaster Management Division
    Timely declaration of drought and initiation of drought relief measures
    Effective coordination between Centre and States-Central Teams
  • 13. Drought Management-Good Practices
    Monitoring by Group of Ministers and the Prime Minister at political level
    Constant Monitoring by Group of Secretaries under Cabinet Secretary
    National Crop Forecasting Centre (NCFC) and Crop Weather Watch Group
    Warning and forecasting by India Met Department (IMD)
  • 14. Drought Management-Good Practices
    1978 exploratory bore wells handed over by CGWB for augmenting water supply
    Free transportation of drinking water by Railways-19009 wagons and Fodder -386 wagons
    Guidelines relaxed under Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP)
    At least one source of drinking water earmarked in each habitat
  • 15. Drought Management-Good Practices
    2.2 million MT Foodgrains free of cost for Food for Work Programme
    440 million additional man-days generated for drought mitigation
    Advance release of funds under drought mitigation related schemes
    Expansion of social security schemes
  • 16. Drought Management-Good Practices
    Special care of vulnerable sections like children, pregnant and lactating mothers, old and infirm
    Opening of cattle camps and subsidised fodder
    Association of NGOs and UN Agencies
    Use of Information Technology- web sites e-mail for communication
  • 17. Management system Institutional mechanism
    Natural Disaster’s management responsibility of State Governments
    Union Government supplements the efforts of the State Governments by providing financial and logistic support
    Set up at the National Level
    Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC) - Nodal Department
  • 18. Management system Institutional mechanism
    National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) under Cabinet Secretary
    Crisis Management Group under Central Relief Commissioner (CRC) in the DAC
    Krishi Control Room- to monitor the situation regularly
    Constitution of Ministerial-level Body for expeditious decision making
  • 19. Financial arrangements
    Ready availability of funds with the State Governments in the form of Calamity Relief Fund(CRF)
    State wise allocation in CRF based on the recommendations of the Finance Commissions-Rs. 21 .0 billion for 2001-02
    CRF sharing between Central and State Government in the ratio of 3:1
  • 20. Financial arrangements
    Additional assistance provided in the wake of disaster of severe nature from National Calamity Contingency Fund (NCCF)-released Rs. 20.0 billion
    Funds are also available from many on-going Plan Schemes of the Central and State Governments
  • 21. Community Participation
    Community participation is key to effectiveness of Governments efforts
    Gram Sabha/Panchayat recommend relief work
    Districts & Block level committees involved in sanctioning and monitoring of relief works
    NGOs play a significant role training and motivation
  • 22. External Assistance-Policy
    No formal appeal is issued on behalf of the Government, directly or through any other agency, for assistance
    Relief offered on voluntary basis accepted and acknowledged as a sign of international solidarity
    Areas of assistance are Nutrition, Health, Community capacity, Water harvesting etc.
  • 23. Drought a Management Issue
    Country experience is that-
    Drought can be prevented
    Drought can be mitigated
    Hardships can be minimised
    Sufferings can be reduced
    If we at all levels work together
    Drought is not a Disaster but
    a Management Issue
  • 24. THANKS