Sales Training


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Sales Training

  1. 1. Part IV SALES FORCE COMPETENCIES Chapter 8: Sales Training Teachers open the door.  You enter by yourself. Chinese Proverb
  2. 2. S HOULD I T B E C ALLED T RAINING OR E DUCATION? <ul><li>Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior occurring as a result of experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Training is included in one’s experiences. Thus, training is part of an individual’s total learning experience. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What goes on in Sales Training?
  4. 4. SALES TRAINING PROCESS Follow-Up Training Planning for Sales Training Developing the Training Program Evaluating Training What Where Training Trainers? Topics? to Train? Methods? Assess Setting Setting Training Objectives Budget Needs
  5. 5. SALES TRAINING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Increase productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Create positive attitudes/improve morale </li></ul><ul><li>Improved customer relations </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce role conflict and ambiguity (turnover) </li></ul><ul><li>Improve efficiencies (time and territory) </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce new products, markets, or programs </li></ul>Why Train Salespeople?
  6. 6. CONVERSATIONS “ The profits from these accounts don’t even pay for the calls. You need to target better.” “ I was in the area and they like to see me, so I call on them.” “ I noticed that 20% of your calls were on C accounts.” “ It may be the last sale you get with this customer. What happened to building relationships?” “ I closed the deal, didn’t I?” “ You pushed the buyer pretty hard.” “ Why did you leave without at least scheduling a follow-up call?” “ I don’t know.” “ Do you think the customer will buy from us? What are the next steps?” Sales Manager Thinks: Salesperson Says: Sales Manager Says:
  7. 7. Experience Less than 2 year 392 21 86 2-5 years 593 29 145 5-10 years 565 5 152 Over 10 years 470 8 139 Regions Northeast 528 6 140 Southeast 520 8 161 Midwest 512 18 107 Southwest 421 26 111 West 544 21 131 Table 8-1 Cross-Tabulations from Company Records Average Order Size per Salesperson New Customers Per Salesperson Total Customers Per Salesperson
  8. 8. Planning For Sales Training <ul><li>Assessing sales training needs </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing specific objectives for the training program </li></ul><ul><li>Setting a budget for the program </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Judgment of: </li></ul><ul><li>Top Management </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Management </li></ul><ul><li>Training Department </li></ul><ul><li>Interview With: </li></ul><ul><li>Salespeople </li></ul><ul><li>Customers </li></ul>68% 73% 60% 59% 25% DETERMINING TRAINING NEEDS* * Percent of firms indicating they often use these assessments to determine training needs.
  10. 10. <ul><li>Performance Measures: </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Volume </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Service </li></ul><ul><li>Other Measures: </li></ul><ul><li>Observation of Salespeople </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude Surveys </li></ul>56% 51% 38% 28% DETERMINING TRAINING NEEDS* * Percent of firms indicating they often use these assessments to determine training needs.
  11. 11. <ul><li>Interviewed key members or management to find out what changes are needed in performance of the sales force. </li></ul><ul><li>Sent an anonymous questionnaire to customers and prospects asking: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you expect of a salesperson in this industry? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do salespeople disappoint you? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which company in this industry does the best selling job? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In what ways are its salespersons better? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sent a confidential questionnaire to each salesperson asking: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What information do most of our salespersons need? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What information do you want to learn better? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What skills do most of our salespersons need to improve? </li></ul></ul>STEPS IN PERFORMING A TRAINING ANALYSIS
  12. 12. <ul><li>Did field audits (making sales calls) with 20% of the sales force? </li></ul><ul><li>Interviewed sales supervisors. </li></ul><ul><li>Discussed and agreed on training priorities with management. </li></ul><ul><li>Determined trainable topics from information gathered in Steps 1-5. </li></ul>STEPS IN PERFORMING A TRAINING ANALYSIS
  13. 13. How much should it cost?
  14. 14. Table 8-2 Average Cost and Training Period for Sales Trainees Consumer Industrial Service Consumer Industrial Service $5,354 $9,893 $9,060 3.40 Months 3.80 Months 3.80 Months
  15. 15. Table 8-3 Average Cost of Training for Veteran Salespeople Under $5 $5-$25 $25-$100 $100-$250 Over $250 Million Million Million Million Million Median Spending Company Size $3,752 $3,947 $3,902 $5,365 $4,824
  16. 16. What do you train on?
  17. 17. ALLOCATING TRAINING TIME <ul><li>Average </li></ul><ul><li>Product knowledge 35% </li></ul><ul><li>Market/Industry Information 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Company Orientation 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Selling Techniques 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Other topics 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Total 100% </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>“ What does HCFA say?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ DRG’s are killing us.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Is this level II in the POL regs?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The LTC market’s future looks good.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The HME industry is changing rapidly.” </li></ul><ul><li>How about: Reflotrons </li></ul><ul><li>Spirometry </li></ul><ul><li>Holters </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygen Concentrators </li></ul><ul><li>Thoracic Catheter </li></ul>INDUSTRY JARGON
  19. 19. Where do you train? <ul><li>Centralized versus Decentralized </li></ul><ul><li>Field Training </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>80% of a new field salesperson’s training should be focused on developing customer profiles , digging out account survey data, and building working relationships in the field. </li></ul><ul><li>15% of time can then be invested in learning about how your product or service is used by existing customers. The field is the place to gain product knowledge , not from an engineer or home office instructor. </li></ul>ON-THE-JOB SALES TRAINING
  21. 21. <ul><li>Only 5% of a new field salesperson’s time, then, should be spent on developing selling skills . </li></ul><ul><li>Again, the place to do this is face-to-face with real customers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>setting and testing real precall objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>asking for real opportunities to do business. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding what has to be done to build selling skills can be mastered in 15 minutes. Doing it takes years of actual , not simulated practice. </li></ul>ON-THE-JOB SALES TRAINING
  22. 22. Training Media
  23. 23. Table 8-4 Media Used in Sales Training 77% Classroom with Instructor Workbooks/Manuals Role Plays CD-ROM Audiocassettes Internet 44% 34% 32% 39% 54%
  24. 24. EVALUATING SALES TRAINING <ul><li>Exams </li></ul><ul><li>Self-assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul>How to Measure: <ul><li>At the completion of training and at points in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of course content </li></ul><ul><li>Learning: “Did the training have its intended effect?” </li></ul><ul><li>At the completion of training </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptions of training </li></ul><ul><li>Course evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Reactions: “Are trainees satisfied?” </li></ul>When to Measure: What to Measure: Level of Evaluation:
  25. 25. EVALUATING SALES TRAINING <ul><li>Performance indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Managerial assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Self-assessment </li></ul>How to Measure: <ul><li>Over the first year after training </li></ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Job performance </li></ul><ul><li>Absenteeism </li></ul><ul><li>Turnover </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior: “Are the salespeople on the job using their knowledge and skills on the job?” </li></ul>When to Measure: What to Measure: Level of Evaluation:
  26. 26. EVALUATING SALES TRAINING <ul><li>Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Managerial assessment </li></ul>How to Measure: <ul><li>A year after the training </li></ul><ul><li>Job satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Customer satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Sales </li></ul><ul><li>Profits </li></ul><ul><li>ROI </li></ul><ul><li>Results: “What effect does training have on the company?” </li></ul>When to Measure: What to Measure: Level of Evaluation:
  27. 27. <ul><li>Reactions : </li></ul><ul><li>Trainees </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisors </li></ul><ul><li>Learning : </li></ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-vs. Post-Training </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviors : </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisor’s Appraisal </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Appraisal </li></ul><ul><li>Results : </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom Line </li></ul>*Percent of firms indicating they often use these evaluations to measure training results. EVALUATING TRAINING EFFECTIVENESS* 86% 68% 63% 31% 64% 41% 40%
  28. 28. Table 8-5 Sales Training Evaluation Practices Measure Criteria Type Importance Rank Trainee Feedback Reaction 1 Supervisory Appraisal Behavior 2 Self-Appraisal Behavior 3 Bottom-Line Measures Results 4 Customer Appraisal Behavior 5
  29. 29. <ul><li>Treat all employees as potential career employees. </li></ul><ul><li>Require regular re-training. </li></ul><ul><li>Spend time and money generously. </li></ul><ul><li>Salespeople and sales managers must take the lead in developing what goes into the program. </li></ul><ul><li>In times of crisis, increase, rather than decrease, the training program. </li></ul>BUILDING A SALES TRAINING PROGRAM