Hypertension High Bloodpressure


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Hypertension High Bloodpressure

  1. 1. High Blood Pressure Heart attacks & strokes .
  2. 2. What is blood pressure? <ul><li>Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in your arteries </li></ul><ul><li>The force that your heart produces in your arteries when it pumps is called your blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>The higher your blood pressure the greater your risk of developing heart problems, kidney disease and strokes. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is blood pressure important? <ul><li>High blood pressure is a risk factor for heart disease , stroke , kidney disease and dementia. </li></ul><ul><li>High blood pressure can also be called hypertension ; both words mean the same thing. </li></ul><ul><li>If your Blood Pressure is consistently more than 140/90 mmHg. then you have high blood pressure </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who gets high blood pressure? <ul><li>If you have family history of high BP, stroke, heart attack you are more likely to have high blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes, kidney and heart diseases are also linked to high BP </li></ul><ul><li>Life style – overweight, eating too much salt, physical inactivity, alcohol and smoking – also affect your BP </li></ul><ul><li>Blood pressure also goes up as we get older </li></ul>
  5. 5. How do I know if I've got high blood pressure? <ul><li>No signs and symptoms at the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>High blood pressure sometimes is called “silent killer” </li></ul><ul><li>The only way to know is to have your BP measured. </li></ul><ul><li>Know “your numbers” (BP, Height, Weight, Sugar, etc). </li></ul>BMI Categories: Underweight = <18.5 Normal weight = 18.5-24.9 Overweight = 25-29.9 Obesity = BMI of 30 or greater Know your body mass index (BMI)
  6. 6. What do the numbers mean? <ul><li>For example 130/80 mmHg – “130 over 80” </li></ul><ul><li> - The top number, called “systolic pressure” , is pressure in the arteries after your heart pumped out blood through them </li></ul><ul><li> - The bottom number, “diastolic pressure” , is pressure in the arteries when the heart relaxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Normal blood pressure range is between 110-140 / 70 – 90 mmHg . </li></ul>Have your BP checked at least once a year, but preferably more often. BP~120/80mmHg
  7. 7. Other risk factors for Heart Attack and Stroke <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Family history </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Sedentary life style </li></ul><ul><li>High Cholesterol (saturated fat) </li></ul>You can’t change some of these factors (age, family history), but it is possible to change other risk factors.
  8. 8. How to lower the risk of high BP? <ul><li>Key steps to keep BP down </li></ul><ul><li>Know your numbers (get your BP check regularly) </li></ul><ul><li>Eat less salt (no more than 6g a day) </li></ul><ul><li>Eat more fruit and vegetables (at least 5 portions a day) </li></ul><ul><li>Be as active as you can (aim for 30 minutes five times a week) </li></ul><ul><li>Drink alcohol in moderation </li></ul><ul><li>Keep to a healthy weight (lose weight if you have to) </li></ul>
  9. 9. To lower risk of heart attack and stroke: <ul><li>1. Give up smoking </li></ul>2. Eat less fat 3. Deal effectively with your stress
  10. 10. Changing life style <ul><li>Salt and high Blood Pressure </li></ul>High salt intake can retain fluids in the body and cause high BP - The more salt we eat, the higher our blood pressure Reduce the amount of salt intake in three common steps: <ul><li>Do not add salt to your food at the table </li></ul><ul><li>Do not add salt to cooking </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid manufactured or processed foods that have salt added </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Fruit and vegetables are a good natural source of potassium. This has the opposite effect to sodium/salt and will help to lower your blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit and vegetables also contain anti-oxidants, for example vitamins C and E, which may play an important role in preventing heart disease </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit and vegetables are very low in salt, usually contain little fat and are a good source of fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetables are easy to cook and fruit does not need preparation </li></ul>Changing life style Fruits and Vegetables
  12. 12. <ul><li>Lowering your blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Improving your blood cholesterol levels </li></ul><ul><li>Losing weight or to maintain a healthy weight </li></ul><ul><li>Helping to control and prevent diabetes </li></ul>Changing life style Physical activity – they way to reduce the risk of heart attacks and stroke by:
  13. 13. How to diagnose hypertension? <ul><li>BP is measured by using sphygmomanometers, aneroid or digital BP devices </li></ul><ul><li>The BP readings should be repeated throughout the day / week. </li></ul>Blood Sugar < 140 mg/dl LDL / HDL Additional tests: - Fasting Blood Sugar check - Fasting Total Cholesterol check - Blood Lipids profile - Kidney function tests (urinalysis, blood nitrogen, and etc) - EKG .
  14. 14. How hypertension is treated? <ul><li>If the BP is between 140-160/90 mmHg: </li></ul><ul><li>Cut down on your salt </li></ul><ul><li>Eat more fruit and vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Be more active </li></ul><ul><li>Find and reach your ideal weight </li></ul><ul><li>Stop smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Drink alcohol only in moderate amounts </li></ul><ul><li>If the BP more than 160/100mmHg : </li></ul><ul><li>Consult your physician </li></ul><ul><li>Follow lifestyle changing advices </li></ul><ul><li>You may need to take medicines to lower and maintain normal BP. </li></ul>Remember – consult your doctor whenever BP is subject for consideration