As education leaders, we must look below the surface to understand the complexity and entirety of any issue or situation.
The tip of the iceberg is just the beginning of the story.
The only population more monitored and subject to oversight in the U.S. than international students are those in the penal system.
International students make up a very small percentage of foreign nationals entering the U.S.
Georg Reisch, Executive Secretary, European Free Trade Association
Raul Ricardo Alfonsin, President of Argentina Guido Di Tella, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Argentina
Salma Khan, Divisional Chief in Bangladesh,
Sanchez de Lozada Bustamante, President of Bolivia Jorge Quiroga Ramirez, Vice President of Bolivia
Francois-Xavier De Donnea, Mayor of Brussels
Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada
Boutros Boutros-Ghali, UN Secretary-General
Francisco Flores, President of El Salvador
Ernst Carl Julius Albrecht, Prime Minister of Germany
Kofi Annan, UN Secretary-General
Adamantios Androutsopoulos, Prime Minister of Greece
Juwono Sudarsono, Minister of Defense in Indonesia Yahya Muhaimin, Minister of National Education in Indonesia
Ehud Barak, Prime Minister in Israel
Abdullah Bin Al-Hussein, King of Jordan
Kang Young Hoon, Prime Minister of Korea
Mahathir bin Mohammed, Prime Minister of Malaysia
Vicente Fox, President of Mexico Carlos Salinas de Gortari, President of Mexico Herminio Blanco Mendoza, Secretary of Commerce/ Industrial Dev. In Mexico
Prince Albert of Monaco
Birendra Bir Birkram Shah Dev, King of Nepal
Antonio Lacayo Oyanguren, Minister of Presidency of Nicaragua
Benazir Bhutto, President of Pakistan
Alejandro Toledo, President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, President of Philippines
Fidel Ramos, President of Philippines Corazon Cojuangco Aquino, President of Philippines
Goh Chok Tong, Prime Minister of Singapore
Javier Solana, NATO Secretary-General
John Chang, Vice Premier of Taiwan Lee Teng-hui, President of Taiwan Chen Li-An, Minister of National Defense of Taiwain Suleyman Demirel, President of Turkey
Canaan Sodindo Banana, President of Zimbabwe
They are all world leaders who have studied in the United States!
Limiting or providing greater restrictions for international students to study in the U.S. in the name of homeland security ultimately impedes the active exchange ideas, cultures and viewpoints (Burnett, 2005).
Many of the international students in the
U.S. are graduate students whose research
has not only provided important advances
in various disciplines but have also
generated a great deal of profit and
notoriety for U.S. companies (Hamermesh,
Since 1971, nearly 5,000,000 international students have studied in the United States (Spilimbergo, 2009). International students contributed over 17 billion dollars to the U.S. economy in the last academic year (Institute of International Education, 2009).
As consumers, their choices are influenced by,
Long term benefits
Transnational education is growing and the market reacts appropriately to changes. For example, following the implementation of restrictive government measures in the U.S. and Australia:
Canada saw a huge increase in students from predominately Muslim countries at the same time that the United States saw a precipitous decline in this same population.
New Zealand saw a big increase in international students just as Australia saw a 40% decline.
How does the U.S. continue to preserve Leadership Prominence on a global scale? While at the same time…
The concern for U.S. security is justifiable, but security measures need to be realistic and meaningful. Mr. Bilirakis’ new regulations would require international students to be reported on every 30 days. The amount of resources required on behalf of U.S. educational institutions to accomplish this would be extraordinary. In addition, it sends the wrong message to the larger global community. Taking cues from Economics and Business, policy makers and government institutions should step outside of their current frames of reference and view international students as valued consumers. Access to information, knowledge and exchange are democratic ideas that are keys to success in the 21 st century knowledge-based economy.
ABC Action News. (2010, May 19). Investigation: Government Losing Track of Foreign Students . Retrieved May 23, 2010, from ABC Action News: http://www.abcactionnews.com/content/taking_action_for_you/investigations/story/INVESTIGATION-Government-losing-track-of-foreign/aU4B8qriIUKI9OrDtYOGYQ.cspx
Birrell, B., & Smith, F. T. (2010). Export earnings from the Overseas Student Industry: How Much? Australian Universities Review , 4-12.
Burnett, P. T. (2005). Information Access and Exchange among Small Worlds in a Democratic Society: The Role of Policy in Shaping Information Behavior in the Post‐9/11 United States. The Library Quarterly , 464-495.
Economic Times. (2010, May 12). Overseas students to Australia down 40 per cent . Retrieved May 25, 2010, from India Times: http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/news-by-industry/services/travel/visa-power/Overseas-students-to-Australia-down-40-per-cent/articleshow/5921862.cms
Farrow, S. (2007). The Economics of Homeland Security Expenditures: foundational expected cost-effectiveness approaches. Contemporary Economic Policy , 14-26.
Federal Registrar. (2008, September 26). Federal Registrar, Department of Homeland Security. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement .
Federation for American Immigration. (2004, February). Identity and Immigration Status of 9-11 Terrorists . Retrieved May 23, 2010, from Federation for American Immigration:
Gilbert, J. (2010, May 12). Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved May 23, 2010, from Foreign Student Numbers Rising: http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/education/3684272/Foreign-student-numbers-rising/
Government Security News. (2010, May 7). Government Security News . Retrieved May 21, 2010, from Rep Bilirakis Introduces Legislation to Tighten Foreign Student Visa Security: http://www.gsnmagazine.com/article/20672/rep_bilirakis_introduces_legislation_tighten_forei
Hamermesh, D. S. (2006, June). Value of Peripatetic Ecomics. Retrieved May 23, 2010, from National Bureau of Economic Review: http://www.nber.org/papers/w11453
Institute of International Education. (2009, November 16). Record Numbers of International Studetns in U.S. Higher Education. Retrieved May 15, 2010, from IIE: Press Releases: http://www.iie.org/en/Who-We-Are/News-and-Events/Press-Center/Press-Releases/2009/2009-11-16-Record-Number-Of-Students
Lu, M. (2008). Not Part of the Family: U.S. Immigration Policy and International Students. Retrieved May 23, 2010, from HEINONLINE: http://heinonline.org
Mueller, R. (2009). Does the Statue of Liberty Still Face Out? The Diversion of Foreign Students from the United States to Canada. Canadian Journal of Higher Education , 14-43.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2009). Education at a Glance. Retrieved October 1, 2008, from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: www.oecd.org
Spencer, A. (2008). Investigating the "Immigrant Terrorist" as a National Security Concern. Journal for the Study of Peace and Conflict , 53-71.
Spilimbergo, A. (2009). Democracy and Foreign Education. American Economic Review , 528-543.