Chapter 12 Strategic Reading for Narrative Text Gipe, J. P. (2010). Multiple paths to literacy: Assessment and differentiatedinstruction for diverse learners, k-12. (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon, Inc. DOI: www.pearsonhighered.com Kaye Kotlarczyk RDNG 503 Winter 2012
Assessment for Narrative Text:Retellings- Oral or Written Story Grammar- The arrangement that outlines theessential elements of a complete story.1. Characters2. Setting3. Goal4. Problem5. Events6. SolutionPrior knowledge is critical for comprehension. A story retelling rubric should be used.
Assessment for Narrative Text:Story Frames• A listing of key words used to guide students’ organization of written story retellings by providing a structure through enumeration, generalization, comparison or contrast, sequencing, or question and answer.• Useful for assessing knowledge of story structure and the degree to which the story is recalled.
Instruction for Narrative TextFive generic questions to ask about anystory…1. Where and when did the event in the story take place, and who was involved in it? (Setting)2. What started the chain of events in the story? (Initiating event)3. What was the main character’s reaction to this event? (Reaction)4. What did the main character do about the problem? (Action: goals and attempts)5. What happened as a result of what the main character did? (Consequence, outcome)
Activities for Comprehension of NarrativesO Story MapsO Story Feature ChartsO Character MapO Venn DiagramO Story Structure ChartO Reader Response T-ChartO Circle GraphO Plot Relationship ChartO Double Entry Journal (Text-to-Self, Text-to-Text, Text-to-World)O Wacky Want AdsO Group StoryO Open-Mind Portraits
Other Ways to Increase ComprehensionO Book Clubs (Students choose books. Discuss, learn, share in groups.)O Literature Circles (Group reads same book. Students have jobs. Discuss, Summarize, Question, Predict.)O Goldilocks Strategy (Used to Determine “Just Right” Books)
Adolescent Literacy• Use novels, film scripts, and song lyrics for literacy instruction.• Use Novel Study (In-depth reading and interpretation of a novel.)• Use Graphic Novels (Book-length comic books to motivate and promote comprehension.)Use the Question, Connect, Transform (QCT)Strategy
Recommended WebsitesBooklists for Children’s Literature:www.reading.org/resources/tools/choices.htmlwww.ala.org/ala/yalsa/yalsa.cfmThe Read-Aloud Handbook:www.trelease-on-reading.com/Literature Circles Resource Center:www.education-world.com/a_curr/curr259.shtmlStories on Stage:www.aaronshep.com