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  • 1. Excretory System 6th Grade Science
  • 2. I. FunctionsA. Remove wastes from body 1. Excess Water 2. Remove urea (protein)
  • 3. II. PartsA. Kidney 1. Nephron i. 1 million ii. All fluids out a. 180 Liters iii. Retrieve good iv. Remainder urine
  • 4. B. Ureter1. Deliver Urine to Bladder
  • 5. C. Urinary Bladder1. Storage of urine
  • 6. D. Urethra1. Different for male and female i. Female a. Size = 4 cm b. Close to vagina and anus 1. 50 times more likely to get urinary infection ii. Male a. Size = 20 cm b. Through penis
  • 7. III. DiseaseA. Diabetes 1. Means sweet urine 2. Numbers 44,000 per day 3. Lack of insulin to store glucose 4. Premature aging 5. Overweight/Lack of exercise 6. Two types
  • 8. B. Urinary Infection1. Bacteria enter system2. Prune juice to prevent bacteria travel3. Lots of fluids to flush out4. Antibiotics to kill germs5. Life threatening if not treated
  • 9. C. Kidney Stones1. Calcium accumulation2. Lack of water3. Pass stone
  • 10. D. Kidney Failure1. Use machine to clean blood2. Frequent use required3. Kidney transplant