Taiwan

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Taiwan

  1. 1. TAIWAN A Presentation By Group 4
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Taiwan also known as Formosa (beautiful  island)  is the largest island of the Republic  of China  in  East  Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan is located at the East of  Taiwan Strait,  off  the  Southern  coast  of   Mainland  China. </li></ul><ul><li>Since  the  end  of  world war  II  in  1945,the  island  group  has been  under  the government  of  Republic  of  China. </li></ul>
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>The  island  group  has  been  governed  by  the  Republic  of  china  since  1945  when  ROC  acquired Taiwan  from  Japan  as  a  result  of  world war II. </li></ul><ul><li>Four   years  later  the  ROC  lost  the  Chinese  civil  war  to  the  communist  party  of  China  and  retreated to  Taiwan. </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan  now  composes  of  most  ROC’s  territory and  the  ROC  itself  is  commonly  known  as ‘Taiwan’. </li></ul>
  4. 4. HISTORY <ul><li>Japanese occupation from 12 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Claim of possession Eastern Taiwan in the 15 th . </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese – first Europeans to arrive in 1590 </li></ul><ul><li>1692 – Dutch arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>17 th century – Ming Chinese were losing to the Manchu army </li></ul><ul><li>Cheng – Ch’eng Kung set up a Chinese Govt. </li></ul>
  5. 5. HISTORY – Japanese Influence <ul><li>Japan became the most powerful non Chinese influence. </li></ul><ul><li>Acquired Taiwan in 1895 under the Shimonoseki Treaty. </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrated on integrating Japanese culture and abolishing Chinese principles altogether. </li></ul><ul><li>They built and developed the infrastrutcture. </li></ul><ul><li>After their defeat in 1945, Taiwan was given back to China </li></ul>
  6. 6. HISTORY – Post WWII <ul><li>Taiwan became a refuge for Anti communist for the KMT under the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek. </li></ul><ul><li>1947 – Chinese suppression which caused an uprising. </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan became a refuge for KMT under Chiang Kai-shek. </li></ul><ul><li>1950’s – Civil war between Mao Zedong and the KMT </li></ul>
  7. 7. HISTORY – Post WWII <ul><li>US aid helped in thwarting Communist takeover till the 60’s </li></ul><ul><li>In the 70’s attention shifted to China. </li></ul><ul><li>1971- Taiwan’s seat in the UN given to China. </li></ul><ul><li>Diplomatic relations with China moved to the forefront. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade relations however remained strong </li></ul>
  8. 8. GEOGRAPHY <ul><li>Area - 35,980 sq km </li></ul><ul><li>Land:  32,260 sq km </li></ul><ul><li>Water:  3,720 sq km </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Eastern Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North of the Philippines, off the south-eastern coast of China </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. CLIMATE <ul><li>Tropical </li></ul><ul><li>Marine </li></ul><ul><li>Rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August) </li></ul><ul><li>Cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year </li></ul>
  10. 11. ENVIRONMENT <ul><li>Air pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Water pollution from industrial emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Raw sewage </li></ul><ul><li>Contamination of drinking water supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Trade in endangered species </li></ul><ul><li>Low-level radioactive waste disposal </li></ul>
  11. 12. DEMOGRAPHICS <ul><li>Population - 22,974,347 (July 2009 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Age Structure – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0-14 years:  16.7% (male 1,996,905/female 1,844,611) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15-64 years:  72.6% (male 8,416,300/female 8,267,675) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65 years and over:  10.7% (male 1,183,382/female 1,265,474) (2009 est.) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. AGE STRUCTURE
  13. 14. DEMOGRAPHICS <ul><li>Sex Ratio – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At birth:  1.09 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under 15 years:  1.08 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15-64 years:  1.02 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65 years and over:  0.94 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total population:  1.02 male(s)/female (2009 est.) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Ethnic Groups – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taiwanese – 84% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainland Chinese – 14% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigenous – 2% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Religion – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Buddhist and Taoist – 93% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christian – 4.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other – 2.5 % </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Government type – multiparty democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Divisions - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes main island of Taiwan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taiwan is divided into 18 counties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 municipalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 special municipalities </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Constitution – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopted on 25 December 1946 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective 25 December 1947 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amended in 1991, 1992, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2005 </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. EXECUTIVE BRANCH <ul><li>Chief of State:  President, MA Ying-Jeou &Vice President, Vincent SIEW </li></ul><ul><li>Head of Government:  Premier, WU Den-Vih Vice Premier, Eric Liluan CHU </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet:  Executive Yuan </li></ul><ul><li>Elections:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President and Vice President elected by popular vote for four-year terms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Premier is appointed by the president. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The vice premiers are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the premier </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. LEGISLATIVE BRANCH <ul><li>Unicameral Legislative Yuan (113 seats ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>73 district members elected by popular vote, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>34 at-large members elected on basis of proportion of island-wide votes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6 elected by popular vote among aboriginal populations </li></ul>
  19. 20. POLITICAL PARTIES AND LEADERS <ul><li>Democratic Progressive Party or DPP (TSAI Ing Wen) </li></ul><ul><li>Kuomintang or KMT (WU Po Hsiung) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Partisan Solidarity Union or NPSU (LIN Pin-kuan) </li></ul><ul><li>People First Party or PFP (James SOONG) </li></ul>
  20. 21. ECONOMY <ul><li>Capitalist economy </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing Government guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Privatization of banks and firms </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Surplus </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism likely to increase </li></ul><ul><li>China – Taiwan interdependency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FDI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imports </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. GDP Composition <ul><li>Agriculture:  1.7% </li></ul><ul><li>Industry:  25.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Services:  73.2% </li></ul>
  22. 23. LABOR FORCE <ul><li>10.85 mn </li></ul><ul><li>By occupation – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture:  5.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry:  36.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services:  58% (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. ECONOMY <ul><li>Agricultural Products – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice, corn, vegetables, fruit, tea, pigs, poultry, beef, milk and fish. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industries – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronics, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. EXPORTS <ul><li>$254.9 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Commodities- electronics, metals, textiles, plastics, chemicals, auto parts </li></ul><ul><li>Partners – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China 29.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US 12% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong 9.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan 6.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Singapore 4.6% </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. IMPORTS <ul><li>$ 236.7 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Commodities - petroleum, precision instruments and organic chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Partners – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan 19.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China 13% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US 10.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saudi Arabia 6.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South Korea 5.5% </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. MILITARY <ul><li>Branches – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coast Guard Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Armed Forces Reserve Command </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combined Service Forces Command </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Armed Forces Police Command </li></ul></ul>
  27. 28. SERVICE AGE AND OBLIGATION <ul><li>19-35 males compulsory military service </li></ul><ul><li>Women may enlist </li></ul><ul><li>Women in Air Force service are restricted to noncombat roles; </li></ul><ul><li>Reserve obligation - age 30 (Army) </li></ul>
  28. 29. MILITARY <ul><li>Manpower Available – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Males age 16-49:  6,283,134 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Females age 16-49:  6,098,599 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expenditure – 2.2% of GDP </li></ul>
  29. 30. THANK YOU!

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