NABH orientation
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NABH project orientation to the hospital staff

NABH project orientation to the hospital staff

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NABH orientation NABH orientation Presentation Transcript

  • By : Kirankumar S. Ghanapuram kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • The standard of something as measured against other things of a similar kind; the degree of excellence of something. Meeting the needs and exceeding the expectations of the patients Delivering all and only the care that the patient and family needs A doctor may say: “The kind of care that may relive the pain and suffering and restore health to the best possible level”  A patient may say, “The best possible treatment that is timely, safe and affordable, and can restore his health to his earning capacity at the earliest” WHAT IS QUALITY kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • WHAT IS QUALITY Quality Gets Attention  “ Quality is not an act, it is a habit ” “ Quality means doing it right when no one is looking ” “ Quality is never an accident; it is always the result of intelligent effort ” Approaches : TQM LEAN MANAGEMENT SIX SIGMA ISO NABH JCI kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • IMPLEMENTATION OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM IN A HOSPITAL 1. Commitment of Top Management 2. Educating the Management and Staff 3. Formation of Quality Management Team 4. Awareness Campaign and Development of Quality Culture 5. Defining Key Improvement Objectives 6. Development of Quality Policy and Quality Manual 7. Training of Top Management 8. Training of Lower Level Staff 9. Identification and Mapping of all the Hospital’s Process 10. Development of Hospital Information System 11. Formulation of Criteria and Standards 12. Implementing the Program 13. Management Review of the QMS 14. Internal Audit/ Mock Survey 15. Detection of Non- Conformities /effects 16. Implementation of Corrective Measures 17. Review and Implementation of Corrective Measures 18. External Certification/ Accreditation kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • INTRODUCTION  NABH - National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare  Hospital Accreditation  Constituent board of Quality Council of India  International Linkage – lSQua & ASQua  Mission, Vision & Values  Structure kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • BENEFITS OF ACCREDITATION  Benefits for Patients Biggest beneficiary High quality of care and patient safety Rights of patients Patients satisfaction  Benefits for Hospitals CQI Commitment to quality care Community confidence Benchmarking  Benefits for Hospital Staff Staff satisfaction Improves overall professional development  Benefits to paying and regulatory bodies kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • NABH STANDARDS  NABH Standards has, 10 Chapters, 102 Standards, 636 Objectives Elements Outline of NABH Standards Patient Centered Standards Chapters Std 1. Access, Assessment and Continuity of Care (AAC) 14 2. Care of Patient (COP) 20 3. Management of Medication (MOM) 13 4. Patient Right and Education (PRE) 07 5. Hospital Infection Control (HIC) 09 Organization Centered Standards Chapters Std 6. Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) 08 7. Responsibility of Management (ROM) 06 8. Facility Management and Safety (FMS) 08 9. Human Resource Management (HRM) 10 10. Information Management System(IMS) 07 kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 1. ACCESS, ASSESSMENT AND CONTINUITY OF CARE AAC 1: The organization defines and displays the services that it can provide. AAC 2. The organization has a well-defined registration and admission process. AAC 3. There is an appropriate mechanism for transfer (in and out) or referral of patients. AAC 4. Patients cared for by the organization undergo an established initial assessment. AAC 5. Patients cared for by the organization undergo a regular reassessment. AAC 6. Laboratory services are provided as per the scope of services of the organization. AAC 7. There is an established laboratory-quality assurance programme. AAC 8. There is an established laboratory-safety programme. AAC 9. Imaging services are provided as per the scope of services of the organization. AAC 10. There is an established quality-assurance programme for imaging services. AAC 11. There is an established radiation-safety programme. AAC 12. Patient care is continuous and multidisciplinary in nature. AAC 13. The organization has a documented discharge process. AAC 14. Organization defines the content of the discharge summary. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 2. CARE OF PATIENTS COP 1: Uniform care to patients is provided in all settings of the organization and is guided by the applicable laws, regulations and guidelines. COP 2: Emergency services are guided by documented policies, procedures and applicable laws and regulations. COP 3: The ambulance services are commensurate with the scope of the services provided by the organization. COP 4: Documented policies and procedures guide the care of patients requiring cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. COP 5: Documented policies and procedures guide nursing care. COP 6: Documented procedures guide the performance of various procedures. COP 7: Documented policies and procedures define rational use of blood and blood products. COP 8: Documented policies and procedures guide the care of patients in the Intensive care and high dependency units. COP 9: Documented policies and procedures guide the care of vulnerable patients (elderly, physically and/or mentally-challenged and children). kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 2. CARE OF PATIENTS (Continue..) COP 10: Documented policies and procedures guide obstetric care. COP 11: Documented policies and procedures guide pediatric services. COP 12: Documented policies and procedures guide the care of patients undergoing moderate sedation. COP 13: Documented policies and procedures guide the administration of anesthesia. COP 14: Documented policies and procedures guide the care of patients undergoing surgical procedures. COP 15: Documented policies and procedures guide the care of patients under restraints. COP 16: Documented policies and procedures guide appropriate pain management. COP 17: Documented policies and procedures guide appropriate rehabilitative services. COP 18: Documented policies and procedures guide all research activities. COP 19: Documented policies and procedures guide nutritional therapy. COP 20: Documented policies and procedures guide the end of life care. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 3. MANAGEMENT OF MEDICATION MOM 1: Documented policies and procedures guide the organization of pharmacy services and usage of medication. MOM 2: There is a hospital formulary. MOM 3: Documented policies and procedures exist for storage of medication. MOM 4: Documented policies and procedures guide the safe and rational prescription of medications. MOM 5: Documented policies and procedures guide the safe dispensing of medications. MOM 6: There are documented policies procedures for medication management. MOM 7: Patients are monitored after medication administration. MOM 8: Near misses, medication errors and adverse drug events are reported and analyzed. MOM 9: Documented procedures guide the use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. MOM 10: Documented policies and procedures. guide the usage of chemotherapeutic agents. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 3. MANAGEMENT OF MEDICATION (Continue…) MOM 11: Documented policies and procedures govern usage of radioactive drugs. MOM 12: Documented policies and procedures guide the use of implantable prosthesis and medical devices. MOM 13: Documented policies and procedures guide the use of medical supplies, and consumables. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 4. PATIENTS RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITY PRE 1: The organization protects patient and family rights and informs them about their responsibilities during care. PRE2: Patient and family rights support individual beliefs, values and involve the patient and family in decision-making processes. PRE3: The patient and/or family members are educated to make informed decisions and are involved in the care-planning and delivery process. PRE4: A documented procedure for obtaining patient and/or family's consent exists for informed decision making about their care. PRE5: Patient and families have a right to information and education about their healthcare needs. PRE 6: Patient and families have a right to information on expected costs. PRE 7: Organization has a complaint redressal procedure. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 5. HOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL HIC 1: The organization has a well-designed, comprehensive and coordinated Hospital Infection Prevention and Control (HIC) programme aimed at reducing/ eliminating risks to patients, visitors and providers of care. HIC 2: The organization implements the policies and procedures laid down in the Infection Control Manual. HIC 3: The organization performs surveillance activities to capture and monitor infection prevention and control data. HIC 4: The organization takes actions to prevent and control Healthcare Associated Infections (HAl) in patients. HIC 5: The organization provides adequate and appropriate resources for prevention and control of Healthcare Associated Infections (HAl). HIC 6: The organization identifies and takes appropriate actions to control outbreaks of infections. HIC 7: There are documented policies and procedures for sterilization activities in the organization. HIC 8: Bio-medical waste (BMW) is handled in an appropriate and safe manner. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 5. HOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL (Continue…) HIC 9: The infection control programme is supported by the management and includes training of staff and employee health. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 6. CONTINUAL QUALITY IMPROVEMENT COI 1: There is a structured quality improvement and continuous monitoring programme in the organization. COI 2: There is a structured patient-safety programme in the organization. COl 3: The organization identifies key indicators to monitor the clinical structures, processes and outcomes which are used as tools for continual improvement. COl 4: The organization identifies key indicators to monitor the managerial structures, processes and outcomes, which are used as tools for continual improvement. COl 5: The quality improvement programme is supported by the management. COl 6: There is an established system for clinical audit. COl 7: Incidents, complaints and feedback are collected and analyzed to ensure continual quality improvement. COl 8: Sentinel events are intensively analyzed. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 7. RESPONSIBLITIES OF MANAGEMENT ROM 1: The responsibilities of those responsible for governance are defined. ROM 2: The organization complies with the laid-down and applicable legislations and regulations. ROM 3: The services provided by each department are documented. ROM 4: The organization is managed by the leaders in an ethical manner. ROM5: The organization displays professionalism in management of affairs. ROM 6: Management ensures that patient-safety aspects and risk-management issues are an integral part of patient care and hospital management. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 8. FACILITY MANAGEMENT AND SAFETY FMS 1.The organization has a system in place to provide a safe and secure environment. FMS 2.The organization’s environment and facilities operate to ensure safety of patients, their families, staff and visitors. FMS 3.The organization has a programme for engineering support services. FMS 4.The organization has a programme for bio-medical equipment management. FMS 5.The organization has a programme for medical gases, vacuum and compressed air. FMS 6.The organization has plans for fire and non-fire emergencies within the facilities. FMS 7.The organization plans for handling-community emergencies, epidemics and other disasters. FMS 8.The organization has a plan for management of hazardous materials kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 9. HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT HRM 1: The organization has a documented system of human resource planning. HRM 2: The organization has a documented procedure for recruiting staff and orienting them to the organization’s environment. HRM3: There is an ongoing programme for professional training- and development of the staff. HRM4: Staff is adequately trained on various safety-related aspects. HRM5: An appraisal system for evaluating the performance of an employee exists as an integral part of the human resource management process. HRM6: The organization has documented disciplinary grievance handling policies and procedures. HRM7: The organization addresses the health needs of the employees. HRM8: There is a documented personal record for each staff member. HRM9: There is a process for credentialing and privileging of medical professionals permitted to provide patient care without supervision. HRM 10: There is a process for 'credentialing and privileging of nursing professionals, permitted to provide patient care without supervision. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • 10. INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IMS 1: Documented policies and procedures exist to meet the information needs of the care providers, management of the organization as well as other agencies that require data and information from the organization. IMS 2: The organization has processes in place for effective management of data. IMS 3: The organization has a complete and accurate medical record for every patient. IMS 4: The medical record reflects continuity of care. IMS 5: Documented policies and procedures are in place for maintaining confidentiality, integrity and security of records, data and information. IMS 6: Documented policies and procedures exist for retention time of records, data and information. IMS 7: The organization regularly carries out review of medical records. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • ACCREDITATION PROCEDURE Self-Assessment Application for accreditation Pre - Assessment visit Final Assessment of hospital Issue of Accreditation Certificate Surveillance Re assessment kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • PREARATION FOR ACCREDITATION Make a definite plan of action for obtaining accreditation Nominate a responsible person to co- ordinate all activities related to accreditation. Must have conducted self-assessment against NABH standards at least 3 months before submission of application and must ensure compliance kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • PRE ASSESSMENT Check the preparedness of the hospital for final assessment  Commitment to quality goals and consonance to laid down standards Review of the documentation system of the hospital Explain the methodology to be adopted for assessment. FINAL ASSESSMENT Compliance with the NC’s pointed out during the pre-assessment. Comprehensive review of hospital functions and services kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • LEVEL - ACCREDITATION ENTRY LEVEL ACCREDITATION All the regulatory legal requirements should be fully met. No individual standard should have more than two zeros. The average score for individual standard must not be less than 5. The average score for individual chapter must be more than 5. The overall average score for all standards must exceed 5. Validity period min 6 months to max 18 months. Cannot apply for assessment before 6 months. PROGRESSIVE LEVEL All the regulatory legal requirements should be fully met. No individual standard should have more than two zeros. The average score for individual standard must not be less than 5. The average score for individual chapter must be more than 6. The overall average score for all standards must exceed 6. Validity period min 3 months to max of 12 months. Cannot apply for assessment before 3 months. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • LEVEL – ACCREDITATION (Continue…) ACCREDITATION All the regulatory legal requirements should be fully met. No individual standard should have more than one zero to qualify. The average score for individual standards must not be less than 5. The average score for individual chapter must not be less than 7. The overall average score for all standards must exceed 7. Validity period is 3 years kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • SURVEILLANCE & RE-ASSESSMENTS One surveillance visit in one accreditation cycle of three years. Will be planned during the 2nd year i.e. after 18 months of accreditation. May apply for renewal of accreditation at least six months before the expiry of validity NABH may call for un-announced visit, based on any concern or any serious complaint or incident reported kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • METHODOLOGY Random Structured interviews To determine their level of awareness and compliance with organization policies and procedures. To assess their awareness levels of their rights, privileges and patient rights. To determine their satisfaction levels kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • METHODOLOGY Observation Visits to various areas Facility surveys and tours kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • Review of documents Adherence to statutory obligations METHODOLOGY kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • ? kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • Staff Response Response of Medical Fraternity Expected Response kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  • NABH can be achieved by the cooperation and support of hospital staff only…… kiranghanapuram@gmail.com