Cardiovascularfitness
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Cardiovascularfitness

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taking BP & HR

taking BP & HR

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  • Watch the changing shape of the heart & blood vessel
  • BMP = beats per minute
  • Contract =systolic Relax = diastolic
  • Takes practice to hear this
  • Releasing this valve takes practice
  • First sound = systolic No sound = diastolic
  • When taking someone else’s pulse - remember not to use your thumb because you may feel your own pulse.
  • Count the pulse while looking at the diagram Use the stopwatch to take your own pulse

Cardiovascularfitness Cardiovascularfitness Presentation Transcript

  • Vital Signs Examination of Cardiovascular Status
  • Blood Pressure & Pulse
    • Blood moving through the blood vessels exerts pressure against the vessel walls.
    • This blood pressure is highest in the aorta .
    • It decreases as the blood moves through the arteries , capillaries , and veins .
  •  
  • Pulse
    • With each contraction of the heart, you can feel the expansion and recoil of the elastic arteries where they pass near the surface of the skin.
    • This is the pulse . When you take your pulse, you measure heart rate = the number of times the heart contracts per minute.
  •  
  • Measuring Blood Pressure
    • Blood pressure is a measure of the pressure of the blood against the walls of a blood vessel.
    • Clinically, blood pressure is usually measured in the brachial (arm) artery.
  • Two Components
    • Systolic pressure : The pressure in the artery during the ventricular contraction phase of the heart cycle. The pressure in the vessel is highest at this time.
    • Diastolic pressure : The pressure in the artery when the ventricles are relaxed. The pressure is at its lowest point, though it does not drop all the way to zero.
  •  
  • Understanding BP
    • When we measure blood pressure, we are actually measuring the systolic pressure and the diastolic pressure separately.
    • This is why you always see blood pressure reported as two numbers, one "over" the other.
  • BP Example
    • In a blood pressure reading of 110/80
    • 110 = systolic pressure
    • 80 = diastolic pressure
    • The numbers refer to the number of millimeters the pressure will raise a column of mercury.
    • The blood pressure of teenagers is frequently in the range of 120/70.
  • Measuring Blood Pressure
    • We find the blood pressure by using an instrument called a sphygmomanometer (pronounced sfig-mo-muh-NAM-eh-ter).
    • This device consists of an inflatable cuff that is wrapped around the upper arm and a gauge that measures pressure.
    • A stethoscope is used to listen to the different sounds that occur.
  •  
  • Procedure for Measuring BP
    • 1. You begin by inflating the cuff. Once the pressure in the cuff is above the subject's systolic pressure (140 in this example), blood cannot flow below the cuff. You will hear no sound in the brachial artery when you listen with the stethoscope.
  • Procedure for Measuring BP
    • 2. As you release the pressure valve and slowly deflate the cuff, blood begins to flow through the artery.
  • Procedure for Measuring BP
    • 3. When the pressure in the cuff is between the systolic and diastolic pressure, you can hear a tapping sound with each pulse.
    • The first tapping sound you hear indicates that blood has entered the artery. Record this reading as the systolic pressure.
  • Procedure for Measuring BP
    • You continue to deflate the cuff until the tapping sounds cease.
    • 4.The last tapping sound you hear indicates the diastolic pressure
  •  
  • Measuring Pulse
    • A pulse is measured as the distention of an artery that can be felt each time the heart contracts.
    • You can measure pulse anywhere an artery passes close to the skin.
    • It is most common to measure heart rate in the radial artery on the inside of the wrist.
  • Measuring Pulse
    • 1.Place your index and middle fingers in the groove on the inside of the wrist. Just slide your fingers across the tendons until they slip into soft tissue.
    • 2.Wait until you clearly feel beats coming with a regular rhythm.
    • 3.Count the number of beats for 15 seconds and multiply by 4 to get the number of beats per minute.
  •  
  • Cardiovascular Fitness
    • The rate of circulation can be affected by external conditions such as exercise or other activities that affect metabolism, and the efficiency of the circulatory system is often related to the health of the individual.
    • In general, in a fit individual pulse and blood pressure are lower and will return more quickly to the resting condition after exercise than in a less fit individual.
  • Today’s Lab Activity
    • You will measure blood pressure at rest and again after 2 min of jogging. Perform test on two classmates.
    • You will measure the radial pulse at rest and again after 2 min of jogging. Perform test on two classmates.
    • Repeat the above procedures using Vernier BP & HR sensors.
  • Conclusion
    • Use the Cardiovascular worksheet to record your data.
    • Write a conclusion for today’s activity (do not include the worksheet)
    • Save as yourlastname.cardio and submit on moodle
    • This activity is worth 10 pts.