Guiding Your Strong Willed Child0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10
Welcome Back!•  Applied Behavior Analysis =•  Science of Learning•  Objective, Clear, Complete =•  Operational Definition•...
Week 4     Review       Special Antecedents   Community      A Behavioral Dilemma    Content       Behavior is Functional ...
ReviewAvoiding Common Pitfalls•  Choices Before  – Keep them fun! Schedule during play time every day    (even if you only...
ReviewComing Soon…Good Demands•  Choices are not intended to replace demands,   they are meant to make life more fun & to ...
Review Play: Spot the Difference           I need 4 volunteer actors.Two to act as parents and two to act as children!
Review                                   So Close  Parent: Do you want to have apples or pears with dinner?               ...
Review                             Just Right•  Okay, we’ll have apples. Do you want    •  Made a decision for the child  ...
ReviewSpecial Antecedents     •  Establishing Operations        – Make a reinforcer more reinforcing           •  A snack-...
ReviewEstablishing Operations?•  These powerhouses influence the potency of the   reinforcer  – Trying to teach appropriat...
ReviewDiscriminative Stimuli?•  These superstars give us clues about which   behavior will result in reinforcement  – Chil...
ReviewNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by changing the   reinforcement properties of a reinforcer.    (a) functional...
ReviewNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by changing the   reinforcement properties of a reinforcer.          (a) func...
ReviewNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by telling us what   behavior will get reinforced or punished.    (a) functio...
ReviewNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by telling us what   behavior will get reinforced or punished.           (a) ...
Week 4     Review       Special Antecedents   Community      A Behavioral Dilemma    Content       Behavior is Functional ...
CommunityA Behavioral Dilemma
CommunityStarring Your Children!
CommunityIn-Workshop Extension•  Each family will consider one behavior that is   causing a problem in your home & to whic...
Week 4     Review       Special Antecedents   Community      A Behavioral Dilemma    Content       Behavior is Functional ...
ContentNuts & Bolts of Behavior    Establishing                           Extinction &                          Operationa...
ContentThe ABCs of Behavior    Establishing                         Operational   Operations &                          De...
ContentBehavior is Functional•  All behavior serves a function•  When behavior “works” it is more likely to occur   again ...
ContentPeople Are Not Reinforced               Behavior is Reinforced
ContentWho Cares?•  When we talk about reinforcing or punishing a   PERSON, we are acting as if her behavior is a fixed   ...
ContentNot-A-Test•  All behavior serves a __________________.   Please write in your single word answer. If you   don’t kn...
ContentNot-A-Test•  All behavior serves a __________________.   Please write in your single word answer. If you   don’t kn...
Week 4     Review       Special Antecedents   Community      A Behavioral Dilemma    Content       Behavior is Functional ...
ContentCollaboration
CollaborationThe Flow• Choices Before• Consistency During• Changes Later
CollaborationCommit & Stick!•  We don’t make changes to our commitments in the   moment, but we can note to change them la...
CollaborationHAT meetings•  How Are Things Meetings  – Every 6-8 Weeks  – Plan for a couple hours without children  – Revi...
CollaborationAt-Home Extension•  Please email me by SUNDAY night  – A 30-second instructional video of EACH parent giving ...
CollaborationHalfway Q&A – next week•  Something working well?•  Something confusing?•  Success with a new strategy?•  Mak...
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GSWC Workshop, Week 4

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Transcript of "GSWC Workshop, Week 4"

  1. 1. Guiding Your Strong Willed Child0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  2. 2. Welcome Back!•  Applied Behavior Analysis =•  Science of Learning•  Objective, Clear, Complete =•  Operational Definition•  4 Types of Choices Before =•  Open Ended Questions, Structured Choices, Micro Choices, You or Me Choices•  4 Types of Junk Demands =•  Question, Unenforceable, Unnecessary, Vague
  3. 3. Week 4 Review Special Antecedents Community A Behavioral Dilemma Content Behavior is Functional Collaboration Commit & Stick, Part 2
  4. 4. ReviewAvoiding Common Pitfalls•  Choices Before – Keep them fun! Schedule during play time every day (even if you only have time for 10 minutes!) – Don’t linger if no choice, just choose & move on•  Junk Demands – “Careful” becomes “This is how we pet the cat” – Write down one to replace this week•  Antecedent Interventions – What time of day is consistently problematic? – Plan ahead & make time to take time
  5. 5. ReviewComing Soon…Good Demands•  Choices are not intended to replace demands, they are meant to make life more fun & to create opportunities to share control with your child•  There is a place for good demands•  We have not yet practiced how to give a good demand but stay tuned. We will be practicing “Sure… First, Then” demands next week!
  6. 6. Review Play: Spot the Difference I need 4 volunteer actors.Two to act as parents and two to act as children!
  7. 7. Review So Close Parent: Do you want to have apples or pears with dinner? Child: Bananas.•  Okay, bananas are a healthy option but •  Wish you had made it open- you need to have apples or pears next time ok? ended? Make a note for next•  OK time but commit & stick this time!•  You need to sit down, okay so you can •  A sneaky “okay?” turned it into eat them? a (question) demand•  [still walking around]•  Please sit down. It isn’t safe to eat while •  Gave (unenforced) demand you are walking around. from a distance without follow•  [still walking around] through•  Do you want to sit down in two minutes or in three minutes? •  Choice offered AFTER the•  Five minutes! demand
  8. 8. Review Just Right•  Okay, we’ll have apples. Do you want •  Made a decision for the child cinnamon on them or no cinnamon? & moved on without dwelling•  Bananas!•  Okay, cinnamon apples it is!•  I don’t like cinnamon!•  Do you want to shake the cinnamon on or do you want me to? •  Advertised the joy of shaking•  I want to.•  Okay! You’ve got it! Are you going to •  Kept positive choices coming shake a lot or a little?•  A lot•  Ok! First, sit down. Then, cinnamon •  Gave a simple, clear demand. apples! “First, sit down. Then, cinnamon apples!”
  9. 9. ReviewSpecial Antecedents •  Establishing Operations – Make a reinforcer more reinforcing •  A snack-free afternoon makes food at dinner more reinforcing •  Discriminative Stimuli – Signal what behavior will be reinforced or punished •  A direction such as “please sit down” is a sign that sitting down will be reinforced Photos viajcsnotebook.org & safetysign.com
  10. 10. ReviewEstablishing Operations?•  These powerhouses influence the potency of the reinforcer – Trying to teach appropriate transitioning to the car? •  Keep a special box of your child’s favorite toys in your car & make them available ONLY if she transitions without protest Photo via readysetread.com
  11. 11. ReviewDiscriminative Stimuli?•  These superstars give us clues about which behavior will result in reinforcement – Child interrupts while you are talking on the phone? •  Consider using a Picture Rule to teach that the presence of the phone means that the child can find a book to wait & that attempts to talk will be honored when the phone call is done. Then make the rule come true! Photos via allposters.com & wellreadstudent.com
  12. 12. ReviewNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by changing the reinforcement properties of a reinforcer. (a) functional analysis (b) establishing operation (c) preference assessment (d) discriminative stimulus
  13. 13. ReviewNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by changing the reinforcement properties of a reinforcer. (a) functional analysis Establishing (b) establishing operation operations effect (c) preference assessment the reinforcer (d) discriminative stimulusANSWER: (B) An establishing operation is a special antecedent that makes a reinforcer more reinforcing!
  14. 14. ReviewNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by telling us what behavior will get reinforced or punished. (a) functional analysis (b) establishing operation (c) preference assessment (d) discriminative stimulus
  15. 15. ReviewNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by telling us what behavior will get reinforced or punished. (a) functional analysis (b) establishing operation Discriminative stimuli (c) preference assessment effect behavior (d) discriminative stimulus selectionAnswer: (D) A discriminative stimulus is a special antecedent that signals what behavior will be reinforced or punished
  16. 16. Week 4 Review Special Antecedents Community A Behavioral Dilemma Content Behavior is Functional Collaboration Commit & Stick, Part 2
  17. 17. CommunityA Behavioral Dilemma
  18. 18. CommunityStarring Your Children!
  19. 19. CommunityIn-Workshop Extension•  Each family will consider one behavior that is causing a problem in your home & to which your response has been inconsistent•  Write down: – Operational definition of the behavior – Observable antecedents to the behavior – How you currently respond
  20. 20. Week 4 Review Special Antecedents Community A Behavioral Dilemma Content Behavior is Functional Collaboration Commit & Stick, Part 2
  21. 21. ContentNuts & Bolts of Behavior Establishing Extinction & Operational Operations & Preference DefinitionsDiscriminative Stimuli Assessments Original Behavior Antecedent Consequence Replacement Behavior
  22. 22. ContentThe ABCs of Behavior Establishing Operational Operations & DefinitionsDiscriminative Stimuli Original Behavior Antecedent
  23. 23. ContentBehavior is Functional•  All behavior serves a function•  When behavior “works” it is more likely to occur again the in future•  In other words, if a behavior continues to occur it is because it continues to work (or has worked for a long time)•  When the probability of behavior increases as a result of a consequence we say that behavior has been reinforced
  24. 24. ContentPeople Are Not Reinforced Behavior is Reinforced
  25. 25. ContentWho Cares?•  When we talk about reinforcing or punishing a PERSON, we are acting as if her behavior is a fixed part of her when it is not•  When we talk about reinforcing or punishing a BEHAVIOR, we are acknowledging that a person’s behavior can be changed•  My parents used to say, “I love you but I don’t love that behavior.”
  26. 26. ContentNot-A-Test•  All behavior serves a __________________. Please write in your single word answer. If you don’t know the real answer, creative wrong answers will earn partial credit 
  27. 27. ContentNot-A-Test•  All behavior serves a __________________. Please write in your single word answer. If you don’t know the real answer, creative wrong answers will earn partial credit ANSWER: FUNCTION! And the key to changing a behavior is to understand its function.
  28. 28. Week 4 Review Special Antecedents Community A Behavioral Dilemma Content Behavior is Functional Collaboration Commit & Stick, Part 2
  29. 29. ContentCollaboration
  30. 30. CollaborationThe Flow• Choices Before• Consistency During• Changes Later
  31. 31. CollaborationCommit & Stick!•  We don’t make changes to our commitments in the moment, but we can note to change them later•  Who holds the conch shell?•  Midnight Math = the enemy of consistency – “Oh but she is so sad.” – “I guess I don’t really care.” – “I don’t have time for this right now.” – “Oh how I wish I had not issued a demand!”
  32. 32. CollaborationHAT meetings•  How Are Things Meetings – Every 6-8 Weeks – Plan for a couple hours without children – Review meaningful categories such as: Physical Health, Professional, Relationships, Parenting, Spiritual, Financial – We use email to review the last HAT notes, record new action items, & send it to both of us at the end of the conversation with title “Next HAT, May 1st” – Safe place to share, written accountability
  33. 33. CollaborationAt-Home Extension•  Please email me by SUNDAY night – A 30-second instructional video of EACH parent giving a specific demonstration of how to use a technique or principle we have covered thus far •  Here is how you can play a micro choices game •  This is an example of a discriminative stimulus •  Let’s replace a junk demand •  Here is an antecedent intervention we are using at home •  This is how to offer a you or me choice
  34. 34. CollaborationHalfway Q&A – next week•  Something working well?•  Something confusing?•  Success with a new strategy?•  Makes sense but difficult in practice?•  Changes you have observed already?•  Question that hasn’t been addressed yet? EMAIL ME THIS WEEK SO I CAN INCLUDE IT!

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